1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Paphiopedilum Pfitzer
      1. Paphiopedilum javanicum (Reinw. ex Lindl.) Pfitzer

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Malesia to Lesser Sunda Islands.

    [C-EM]
    Distribution

    Java, Bali, Flores and Sumatra: 750–2100 m altitude.

    General Description

    A terrestrial herb. Leaves spreading, 4–5, narrowly elliptic, obtuse at minutely tridenticulate apex, 12–23 cm long, 3.4–4 cm wide, pale green, veined and lightly mottled darker green. Inflorescence 1-flowered; peduncle 16–36 cm long, purple, shortly white-pubescent; bract elliptic, obtuse, 1.5–2.5 cm long, 1–1.4 cm wide, ciliate on margins and mid-vein, pale green, very lightly spotted with purple. Flower 8-9.5 cm across; dorsal sepal pale green with darker green veins and a whitish pink margin; synsepal pale green; petals pale green with a pink-purple apical quarter, finely spotted with dark maroon in basal half to three-quarters; lip bright green with darker veins, often brown-flushed; pedicel and ovary 4.3–5 cm long, rather sparsely pubescent on ridges. Dorsal sepal ovate to elliptic, acute to retuse, 3–3.8 cm long, 2.5–2.9 cm wide, shortly ciliate, pubescent on outer surface. Synsepal lanceolate, acute, 2.5–2.6 cm long, 1.1–1.3 cm wide, pubescent on outer surface. Petals usually deflexed at c. 45° to horizontal, narrowly oblong, obtuse, 4.2–4.8 cm long, 1.3–1.4 cm wide, shortly ciliate. Lip 3.6–4 cm long, 1.8–2 cm wide, very shortly pubescent on outer surface, verrucose on side-lobes. Staminode reniform, 8 mm long, 10 mm wide, shortly pubescent all over surface. 2n = 36, 38.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Sumatera

    Paphiopedilum javanicum (Reinw. ex Lindl.) Pfitzer appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    19520.000
    Borneo 20359.000
    34545.000
    45446.000
    45904.000
    Indonesia 51548.000
    51594.000
    51595.000
    Cribb, P. 48155.000
    Grell, E., Philippines 61379.000
    Lobb [304], Indonesia K000363775

    First published in Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 19: 165 (1888)

    Accepted by

    • Koopowitz, H. (2012). An updated, annotated checklist of the genus Paphiopedilum Orchid Digest 76: 178-215.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    • Lindley, J. Original description of Paphiopedilum javanicum. 19, (1888).

    Sources

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0