1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Paphiopedilum Pfitzer
      1. Paphiopedilum philippinense (Rchb.f.) Stein

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Philippines to N. Borneo.

    [C-EM]
    Distribution

    Philippines, north-east Borneo, and islands off coast of north Borneo.

    Ecology

    On limestone; sea-level to c. 500 m. altitude.

    General Description

    A terrestrial or lithophytic herb. Leaves coriaceous, up to 9, ligulate, rounded at asymmetric apex, 20–50 cm long, 2–5.5 cm wide. V-shaped in cross-section, very thick in texture. Inflorescence erect, 2–5-flowered, up to 50 cm long; peduncle purple-pubescent; bracts elliptic, acute, pubescent, up to 5 cm long, 2 cm wide. Flowers rather variable in size, up to 8.5 cm across; sepals white, dorsal striped with maroon; petals white or yellow at base, maroon above with marginal dark maroon warts in basal half; lip and staminode yellow; pedicel and ovary 4.5–6.5 cm long, purple, pubescent. Dorsal sepal ovate, acute, 4–5 cm long, 2–2.5 cm wide. Synsepal similar to dorsal sepal, 3.1–5.3 cm long, 2–2.3 cm wide. Petals linear, tapering to apex, 6–17.5 cm long, 5–7 mm wide, ciliate. Lip small, rather ovoid in shape, 3.8–4.5 cm long, 1.4–1.9 cm wide. Staminode convex, rather cordate-subquadrate, emarginate, yellow, veined with green, purple-pubescent on sides. 2n = 26.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Philippines

    Paphiopedilum philippinense (Rchb.f.) Stein appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2006 73514.000
    Jan 4, 1984 s.coll. [s.n.] K000363758
    Philippines 50208.000
    Philippines 51523.000
    51524.000
    Philippines 51830.000
    7647.000
    K000078110
    Lamb, A. [s.n.], Sabah 70077.000
    Kadolsky, M. [MK 241], Philippines 29047.502
    Slade, G.H. 53145.000
    Chan, C.L. [29], Malaysia 46922.000
    Palawan Botanical Expedition [PALX 241], Philippines 70075.000

    First published in Orchid.-Buch: 480 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Koopowitz, H. (2012). An updated, annotated checklist of the genus Paphiopedilum Orchid Digest 76: 178-215.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    • Reichenbach, H.G. Original description of Paphiopedilum philippinense. (1892).

    Sources

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0