1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Paphiopedilum Pfitzer
      1. Paphiopedilum purpuratum (Lindl.) Stein

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. China to N. Vietnam.

    [C-EM]
    General Description

    A terrestrial herb. Leaves 3–8, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, acute or subacute at unequally bilobulate apex, 7–17 cm long, 2.3–4.2 cm wide, pale green below, tessellated light and darker green above, margins shortly ciliate towards base. Inflorescence erect, 1-flowered; peduncle 12–20 cm long, slender, purple, purple-pubescent; bract narrowly ovate-elliptic, 1.5–1.7 cm long, 0.7 cm wide, green, purple- and white-pubescent. Flowers 7–10 cm across; dorsal sepal white heavily veined with purple-maroon; synsepalum green with darker veins; petals glossy maroon, greenish white towards base, heavily spotted with blackish maroon in lower two-thirds; lip brownish maroon; staminode pale ochrepurple with darker veins; pedicel and ovary 2.5–4 cm long, green, purple-pubescent. Dorsal sepal ovatecordate, apiculate or acuminate, 2.5–3.5 cm long, 2.2–4.3 cm wide. Synsepal lanceolate, acute, 2–3.5 cm long, 1.2–1.6 cm wide. Petals more or less horizontal, narrowly elliptic to oblong, acute to obtuse, 3.5–4.6 cm long, 0.9–1.3 cm wide, margin ciliate. Lip 3.3–4.4 cm long, 2–2.7 cm wide, verrucose on incurved side-lobes. Staminode lunate, 8 mm long, 8–11 mm wide, apical teeth acute, pubescent. Stamens with elongate acute filament apices. 2n = 40.

    Distribution

    Hong Kong, adjacent parts of Guangdong Province of China and ? Hainan Island; 30–700 m altitude.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    China South-Central, China Southeast, Hainan, Vietnam

    Paphiopedilum purpuratum (Lindl.) Stein appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    20363.000
    China 50002.000
    5796.000
    Cribb, P. [164], Hong Kong 45862.000
    unknown [29], Hong Kong K000363776
    Wood, M.W., Hong Kong 47841.000

    First published in Orchid.-Buch: 481 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Koopowitz, H. (2012). An updated, annotated checklist of the genus Paphiopedilum Orchid Digest 76: 178-215.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Averyanov, L. (2008). The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey part 1 Subfamilies Apostasioideae, Cyprioedioideae and Spiranthoideae Turczaninowia 11(1): 5-168.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    • Lindley, J. Original description of Paphiopedilum purpuratum. (1892).

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0