1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Paphiopedilum Pfitzer
      1. Paphiopedilum rothschildianum (Rchb.f.) Stein

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo (Sabah).

    [C-EM]
    Distribution

    Borneo: Sabah only; 600–1200 m altitude.

    General Description

    A terrestrial or lithophytic herb often growing in large clumps. Leaves several, linear to narrowly oblanceolate, acute, up to 60 cm long, 4–5 cm wide, sparsely ciliate at base, green. Inflorescence 2- to 4- (6-)flowered, erect; peduncle up to 45 cm long, purple, shortly pubescent; bracts ovate-elliptic, obtuse, up to 5.5 cm long, ciliate and hairy on mid-vein, pale green or yellow, purplestriped. Flowers very large, 14–30 cm in diameter; ovary up to 7.5 cm long, pale green sparsely spotted purple, glabrous. Dorsal sepal ovate, acute to acuminate, 5.4–6.8 cm long, 3.3–4.8 cm wide, ivory-white or yellow with maroon veins. Synsepal similar but smaller, 4.8–6 cm long, 3.2–4.4 cm wide. Petals narrowly tapering to rounded apex, 8–14 cm long, 0.7–1.5 cm wide, ciliate, papillose towards apex, yellow or ivory-white marked with maroon. Lip subporrect, grooved on back, 5.3–6 cm long, 2.2–2.5 cm wide, golden, heavily purple-suffused; side-lobes not auricular. Staminode linear, bifid at apex, geniculate, 14–16 mm long, 4–5 mm wide, densely glandular-pubescent on margins and at base, pale yellow-green. 2n = 26.

    Images

    Distribution

    Paphiopedilum rothschildianum (Rchb.f.) Stein appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    18959.000
    18960.000
    19528.000
    44507.000
    46512.000
    Borneo K000078074
    73329.000
    s.coll. [s.n.], Borneo K000078075 Unknown type material
    s.coll. [s.n.] K000078076

    First published in Orchid.-Buch: 482 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Koopowitz, H. (2012). An updated, annotated checklist of the genus Paphiopedilum Orchid Digest 76: 178-215.
    • Wood, J.J., Beaman, T.E., Lamb, A., Lun, C.C. & Beaman, J.H. (2011). The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu 2: 1-726. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wood, J.J., Beaman, T.E., Lamb, A., Lun, C.C. & Beaman, J.H. (2011). The Orchids of Mount Kinabalu 2: 1-726. Natural history publications (Borneo), Kota Kinabalu, Malaysia.
    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    • Reichenbach, H.G. Original description of Paphiopedilum rothschildianum. (1892).

    Sources

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/