1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Paphiopedilum Pfitzer
      1. Paphiopedilum venustum (Wall. ex Sims) Pfitzer

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Nepal to NE. Bangladesh and S. Tibet.

    [C-EM]
    Distribution

    North-east India (Meghalaya), north-east Bangladesh, Sikkim and Bhutan, possibly in eastern Nepal; 60–1350 m altitude.

    General Description

    A terrestrial herb. Leaves 4–5, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, tricuspidate at obtuse apex, 10–25 cm long, 3–5.5 cm wide, rough to touch, tessellated dark green and grey-green, densely purplespotted below, ciliate towards base. Inflorescence 1- (rarely 2-) flowered; peduncle 10–23 cm long, purple, shortly hirsute; bract elliptic-lanceolate, acute, 1.7–2.5 cm, sparsely pubescent. Flower 8–9 across; sepals white with green veins; petals white with green veins, purple-flushed in apical half, with a few large maroon-black warts; lip yellow, tinged purple, with green veins; pedicel and ovary 4–5.9 cm long, shortly pubescent, green, spotted with purple on ribs. Dorsal sepal ovate, acute, 3–3.8 cm long, 2.3–2.8 cm wide, hirsute on outer surface. Synsepal similar but 2.4–3 cm long, 1.4–1.7 cm wide. Petals recurved, oblanceolate, subacute to obtuse, 4.3–5.4 cm long, 1.2–1.4 cm wide, ciliate. Lip 3.3–4.3 cm long, 2.5–3.2 cm wide, side-lobes verrucose. Staminode reniform, 7–9 mm long, 10–11 mm wide, minutely pubescent; lateral apical teeth short, blunt. 2n = 40–42.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Nepal, Tibet

    Paphiopedilum venustum (Wall. ex Sims) Pfitzer appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 4, 1984 Griffith [1125], India K000363755
    Jan 4, 1984 Hooker, J.D. [314], India K000363754
    19541.000
    19543.000
    20001.000
    20022.000
    47844.000
    Silva, F.de [7023], Assam K000363777
    De Silva, F. [Cat. no. 7023], Bangladesh Cypripedium venustum K000639685

    First published in Jahrb. Wiss. Bot. 19: 165 (1888)

    Accepted by

    • Koopowitz, H. (2012). An updated, annotated checklist of the genus Paphiopedilum Orchid Digest 76: 178-215.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
    • Manilal, K.S. & Kumar, C.S. (eds.) (2004). Orchid Memories A tribute to Gunnar Seidenfaden: 1-265. Mentor Books, Calicut.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Khanam, M. & al. (2001). Our present knowledge on the Terrestrial Orchidaceae Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 8(2): 35-49.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Khanam, M. & al. (2001). Our present knowledge on the Terrestrial Orchidaceae Bangladesh Journal of Plant Taxonomy 8(2): 35-49.
    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    • Sims, J. Original description of Paphiopedilum venustum. 19, (1888).

    Sources

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0