1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Paphiopedilum Pfitzer
      1. Paphiopedilum villosum (Lindl.) Stein

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Assam to S. China and Indo-China.

    [C-EM]
    Distribution

    North-east India (Lushai Hills, Assam), Burma, and Thailand; 1100–2000 m altitude.

    General Description

    An epiphytic or rarely lithophytic herb, often forming clumps. Leaves 4–5, linearligulate, acuminate to acute at unequally bilobulate apex, 14–42 cm long, 2.5–4 cm wide, mid-green on undersurface, purple-spotted at the base, basal margins ciliate. Inflorescence suberect to arcuate, 1- flowered; peduncle 7–24 cm long, green, often spotted purple, with long villose purple hairs; bract elliptic, obtuse, 3.7–6.5 cm long, 3–3.8 cm wide, green, spotted with maroon, glabrous. Flower 7.5–13.5 cm across; dorsal sepal green with a white margin and central glossy deep maroon areas; synsepal pale green; petals glossy reddish brown with a central maroon stripe; lip ochre, flushed with pink or reddish; staminode yellow, with a yellow or green central knob; pedicel and ovary triangular in cross-section, 3–6 cm long, ochre-coloured, densely covered with purple villose hairs. Dorsal sepal obovate, obtuse, 4.5–7 cm long, 3–4.6 cm wide, with reflexed basal margins. Synsepal adpressed to ovary, ovate, subacute, 3.8–7.6 cm long, 1.8–2.6 cm wide. Petals incurved, obovate-spathulate, retuse-emarginate, rounded at apex, 4.7–8.6 cm long, 2.5–4.6 cm wide, glossy, ciliate, purple-villose at base. Lip tapering to apex, 4–6.8 cm long, 3–3.8 cm wide. Staminode obcordate-obovate, truncate, c. 16 mm long, 14 mm wide, verrucose, hirsute, with a central glossy knob. 2n = 26.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, China Southeast, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

    Introduced into:

    East Himalaya

    Paphiopedilum villosum (Lindl.) Stein appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 1975 Kerr, A.F.G. [412], Thailand K000595636
    Dec 1, 1975 Kerr, A.F.G. [s.n.], Thailand K000595639
    19431.000
    19433.000
    19434.000
    22177.000
    Kerr, A.F.G. [337], Thailand K000595640
    Du Puy, D. [475], Thailand 47833.000
    Pradhan, U. [1], India 37345.000
    Grell, E. [439], Myanmar 57241.000
    Lobb [179], Burma K000363766
    Benzinger, H., Thailand 58730.000
    Benzinger, H., Thailand 58873.000
    s.coll. [s.n.], Myanmar K000363767

    First published in Orchid.-Buch: 490 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Koopowitz, H. (2012). An updated, annotated checklist of the genus Paphiopedilum Orchid Digest 76: 178-215.
    • Pedersen, H.Æ., Kurzwell, H., Suddee, S. & Cribb, P.J. (2011). Flora of Thailand 12(1): 1-302. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Wu, Z. & Hong, D. (eds.) (2009). Flora of China 25: 1-570. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Averyanov, L. (2008). The orchids of Vietnam illustrated survey part 1 Subfamilies Apostasioideae, Cyprioedioideae and Spiranthoideae Turczaninowia 11(1): 5-168.
    • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
    • Sittisujjatham, S. (2006). Wild Orchid of Thailand 1: 1-495. Amarin.
    • Manilal, K.S. & Kumar, C.S. (eds.) (2004). Orchid Memories A tribute to Gunnar Seidenfaden: 1-265. Mentor Books, Calicut.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Mostaph, M.K. & Uddin, S.B. (2013). Dictionary of plant names of Bangladesh, Vasc. Pl.: 1-434. Janokalyan Prokashani, Chittagong, Bangladesh.
    • Lucksom, S.Z. (2007). The orchids of Sikkim and North East Himalaya: 1-984. S.Z.Lucksom, India.
    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    • Lindley, J. Original description of Paphiopedilum villosum. (1892).
    • Averyanov, L.V. Three new slipper orchids from Vietnam. Komarovia 2, 17-18 (2002).

    Sources

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0