1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Paphiopedilum Pfitzer
      1. Paphiopedilum violascens Schltr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is New Guinea to Solomon Islands.

    [C-EM]
    General Description

    A terrestrial or rarely epiphytic herb. Leaves 4–6, elliptic to oblong-elliptic, minutely tridenticulate at apex, obtuse, 8–22 cm long, 2.3–4 cm wide, greyish green, mottled with darker green above. Inflorescence 1-flowered; peduncle 20–30 cm long, purple, pubescent; bract ellipticlanceolate to elliptic-ovate, acute, 1.5–2.4 cm long, ciliate, pubescent. Flowers 1 (rarely 2), 6–7.5 cm across; dorsal sepal white veined with green; synsepal green with darker veins; petals white or greenish white, heavily flushed with purple on apical three-quarters; lip green to ochre; staminode green with darker veins; pedicel and ovary 4–6.8 cm long, green with purple pubescence. Dorsal sepal broadly ovate, subacute, 2.7–3.2 cm long, 2.9–3 cm wide, pubescent on outer surface. Synsepal ovate, subacute, 2–2.6 cm long, 1.5–1.6 cm wide, pubescent on outer surface. Petals deflexed at 45°, obliquely oblong, obtuse, 3.5–4.4 cm long, 1.5–1.8 cm wide, minutely ciliate. Lip 3.8–5 cm long, 2 cm wide, deeply saccate, sparsely ciliate on apical margin. Staminode semicircular, truncate, shortly apiculate, 7.5 mm long, 14 mm wide, pubescent; lateral apical teeth blunt or obscure. 2n = 38.

    Distribution

    New Guinea and adjacent islands near coast; 200–1200 m altitude.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Bismarck Archipelago, New Guinea, Solomon Is.

    Paphiopedilum violascens Schltr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    New Guinea 32970.000
    Indonesia 36079.000
    49439.000
    73306.000
    73328.000
    Kairo, A. [NGF 43487], Papua New Guinea 40910.000
    Reeve, T.M. [378], Papua New Guinea 46439.000
    Stocker, J., Papua New Guinea 41951.000
    Koopowitz, H. [8] 70457.000
    Schlechter, F.R.R. [18182], Papua New Guinea K000078141 isosyntype
    Schlechter, F.R.R. [18182], New Guinea K000078142

    First published in Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg. Beih. 1: 2 (1911)

    Accepted by

    • Ormerod, P. (2017). Checklist of Papuasian Orchids: 1-494. Nature & Travel Books, Australia.
    • Koopowitz, H. (2012). An updated, annotated checklist of the genus Paphiopedilum Orchid Digest 76: 178-215.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Ormerod, P. (2017). Checklist of Papuasian Orchids: 1-494. Nature & Travel Books, Australia.
    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    • Schlechter, F.R.R. Original description of Paphiopedilum violascens. 1, (1911).

    Sources

    Cypripedioideae: e-monocot.org
    All Rights Reserved

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/