1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Vanilla Plum. ex Mill.
      1. Vanilla crenulata Rolfe

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & W. Central Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A climbing herb
    Inflorescences
    Long hanging racemes of white or yellow flowers
    Labellum
    Purple markings on the lip
    Ecology
    In rain forest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Zaïre

    Vanilla crenulata Rolfe appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    36046.000
    45787.000
    50360.000
    Scott Elliot, G.F. [5733], Sierra Leone K000306649
    Boboh, J.L., Sierra Leone 37879.000
    Cummings, H.A. [4], Ghana K000306648

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 477 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Soto Arenas, M.A. & Cribb, P. (2010). A new infrageneric classification and synopsis of the genus Vanilla Plum. ex Mill. (Orchidaceae: Vanillinae) Lankesteriana 9: 355-398.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

    Not accepted by

    • Geerinck, D. (2011). Catalogue raisonné des Orchidaceae du Congo-Kinshasa, distribuées par districts phytogéographiques Taxonomania. Revue de Taxonomie et de Nomenclature Botaniques 32: 2-37. [Cited as Vanilla africana.]
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Vanilla africana.]

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 178.
    • in J. Linn. Soc. 32: 477 (1896)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia 41: 41-82.
    • Soto Arenas, M.A. & Cribb, P. (2010). A new infrageneric classification and synopsis of the genus Vanilla Plum. ex Mill. (Orchidaceae: Vanillinae) Lankesteriana 9: 355-398.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.

    Sources

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0