1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Vanilla Plum. ex Mill.
      1. Vanilla ramosa Rolfe

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & W. Central Tropical Africa.

    [FWTA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A fleshy climbing herb
    Flowers
    Flowers white or creamy white
    Labellum
    Lip marked with purple or mauve
    Ecology
    In rain forest.
    [FTEA]

    Orchidaceae, V. S. Summerhayes. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1968

    Habit
    Epiphytic, glabrous, leafy liane of indeterminate length with slender roots of various lengths arising at nodes.
    Stem
    Internodes up to 13 cm. long and 7 mm. diameter, succulent, terete, dull green, with single leaf arising at each node opposite or subtending each adventitious root.
    Leaves
    Leaves fleshy, very widely elliptic to oblong-elliptic, shortly acuminate to obtuse, rounded at the base, up to 8–16 cm. long and 3–6.5 cm. broad.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences usually axillary, frequently branched especially towards base, densely many-flowered, up to 8 cm. long.
    Bracts
    Bracts triangular, very small.
    Flowers
    Flowers white, creamy white or occasionally pale buff-yellow, lip marked rosy mauve to purple.
    Tepal
    Tepals oblong-lanceolate to elliptic; dorsal sepal slightly cucullate, up to 3 cm. long and 1.2 cm. broad; lateral sepals similar with incipient callus-like keel towards apex.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 2.5 cm. long and 1 cm. broad, shallowly grooved along entire length on dorsal surface, with a pronounced keel running along centre of groove to within 2 mm. of petal-apex, apical 1 mm. of keel free, porrect.
    Labellum
    Lip up to 2.5 cm. long and 2.7 cm. broad, distinctly and equally 3-lobed; mid-lobe slightly crenulate, bearing tufted crest of several backwardly sloping parallel dendritic lamellae and a raised smooth callus-like keel running from lamellae towards base of lip; side lobe margins adnate to column for entire length.
    Column
    Column clavate, up to 1.8 cm. long, basal two-thirds adnate to lip side-lobe margins.
    Habitat
    Forest, dense scrub on coral and in plantations; 20–900 m.
    Distribution
    P T3 T6 Z

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Zaïre

    Vanilla ramosa Rolfe appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 1, 2010 Darbyshire, I. [283], Cameroon K000582199
    Mar 1, 2010 Onana, J.-M. [2822], Cameroon K000582195
    Aug 19, 1968 Lyne, R.N. [s.n.], Tanzania K000306650
    Aug 19, 1968 Lyne, R.N. [139], Tanzania K000306652
    Aug 19, 1968 Lyne, R.N. [139], Tanzania K000306651
    Aug 19, 1968 Gillet [336], Congo, DRC K000306654 Unknown type material
    Aug 19, 1968 [Van Rysielburgh] [s.n.] K000306653 Unknown type material
    21485.000
    Williams, R.O. [64], Tanzania 18574.000
    Faulkner, H. [3121], Tanzania 29174.000
    Binuyo, A. [35648], Cameroon K000106574
    Binuyo, A. [35648], Cameroon K000106573
    Thomas, D.W. [5922], Cameroon K000106575
    Faulkner, H.M. 7634.000
    Barter [20134], Niger K000306655 Unknown type material
    Thompson, W.C. [132], Nigeria K000306656

    First published in J. Linn. Soc., Bot. 32: 457 (1896)

    Accepted by

    • Velayos, M. & al. (eds.) (2018). Flora de Guinea Ecuatorial 10: 1-491. Consejo superior de investigaciones científicas, Real jardín botánico, Madrid.
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • F.T.A. 7: 177.
    • in J. Linn. Soc. 32: 457 (1896)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Jongkind, C. (2014). Fauna & Flora of Liberia, flowering plant species list www.liberianfaunaflora.org.
    • Szlachetko, D.L. (2008). Orchidaceae of Ivory Coast Ruizia 20: 1-396.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • P.F. Hunt in Kew Bulletin 29: 426 (1974).
    • Summerh. in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 3: 205 (1968).
    • Rolfe in Flora of Tropical Africa 7: 177 (1897).
    • Rolfe in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 32: 457 (1896)

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0