1. Family: Orchidaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Vanilla Plum. ex Mill.
      1. Vanilla roscheri Rchb.f.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. Ethiopia to NE. KwaZulu-Natal.

    [FZ]

    Orchidaceae, I. la Croix and P.J. Cribb. Flora Zambesiaca 11:1. 1995

    Habit
    Climbing and scrambling herb with a stem of indefinite length, lacking green leaves.
    Roots
    Roots short, arising at the nodes.
    Stem
    Stem c. 10 mm in diameter, terete but with 2 shallow channels on each side; internodes up to 15 cm long; nodes with brown vestigial leaves up to 3 cm long.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences terminal or axillary, unbranched, up to 30 cm long, many-flowered.
    Flowers
    Flowers white flushed with pink, strongly and sweetly scented; lip salmon-pink or yellow in the throat.
    Pedicel and Ovary
    Ovary and pedicel short and erect at anthesis, becoming pendulous in fruit.
    Calyx
    Dorsal sepal up to 8 × 2.5 cm, lanceolate-oblong, apiculate; lateral sepals similar but slightly narrower.
    Corolla
    Petals up to 8 × 3.8 cm, elliptic-oblong or ovate, apiculate.
    Labellum
    Lip to 8 × 4.5 cm, funnel-shaped, the edges adnate to the column for 2 cm at the base; disk with 2 rows of laciniate crests up to 4 mm high, and a small crest up to 15 mm long composed of 2 rows of digitate lamellae arising between the main crests at the base.
    Column
    Column up to 2.5 cm long.
    Fruits
    Capsule to 17.5 cm long, 7.5 mm wide.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Vanilla roscheri Rchb.f. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kenya 23008.000
    Greenway, P.J. [10,818], Kenya 29157.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [1217], Kenya 18572.000
    Tweedie, E.M. [1260], Kenya 20600.000
    Drummond, R.B. [4118], Kenya 19563.000
    Faulkner, H., Tanzania 18964.000
    Williams, R.O. [93], Tanzania 29344.000
    Turner, M. [G.18938], Tanzania 34674.000
    Wigg, L.T., Tanzania 19562.000
    Wigg, L.T., Tanzania 19564.000
    Cribb, P. [10013], Tanzania 36765.000
    Ward, C.J. [338], South Africa 46534.000
    Ward, C.J. [59], South Africa K000392070
    Ward, C.J. [59], South Africa K000392071
    Ward, C.J. [338], South Africa K000392075

    First published in Linnaea 41: 65 (1876)

    Accepted by

    • Johnson, S. & Bytebier, B. (2015). Orchids of South Africa. A field guide: 1-536. Struik nature, Cape Town, South Africa.
    • Soto Arenas, M.A. & Cribb, P. (2010). A new infrageneric classification and synopsis of the genus Vanilla Plum. ex Mill. (Orchidaceae: Vanillinae) Lankesteriana 9: 355-398.
    • Hedberg, I., Friis, I. & Persson, E. (2009). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 1: 1-305. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Demissew, S., Cribb, P. & Rasmussen, F. (2004). Field Guide to Ethiopian Orchids: 1-300. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (2003). World Checklist of Monocotyledons Database in ACCESS: 1-71827. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Soto Arenas, M.A. & Cribb, P. (2010). A new infrageneric classification and synopsis of the genus Vanilla Plum. ex Mill. (Orchidaceae: Vanillinae) Lankesteriana 9: 355-398.

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0