1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Narcissus L.
      1. Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.

        This well-known European flower brings bright swathes of colour to woods and grassland in early spring. Although the daffodil is sometimes known as the Easter lily, it is actually a member of the Amaryllidaceae (the plant family that also includes snowdrops) and hence is not a true lily.

    [KSP]
    General Description
    The daffodil is the 'golden' flower that inspired the poetry of William Wordsworth.

    This well-known European flower brings bright swathes of colour to woods and grassland in early spring. Although the daffodil is sometimes known as the Easter lily, it is actually a member of the Amaryllidaceae (the plant family that also includes snowdrops) and hence is not a true lily.

    The Latin name for daffodil is thought to have been inspired by Narcissus, who was a figure in Greek mythology said to have fallen in love with his reflection in a pool of water. The nodding head of the daffodil is said to represent Narcissus bending down and gazing at his reflection.

    Distribution
    France, Germany, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom
    Ecology
    Woodlands, coppices, open meadows and grassy slopes.
    Conservation
    Locally abundant and not considered to be threatened.
    Hazards

    The leaves, stems, seed pods and bulbs contain toxic alkaloids.

    Images

    Distribution

    Found In:

    Belgium, France, Germany, Great Britain, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Switzerland

    Introduced Into:

    Alabama, Albania, Arkansas, Austria, British Columbia, Bulgaria, Connecticut, Czechoslovakia, Falkland Is., Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Italy, Kentucky, Louisiana, Madeira, Maryland, Masachusettes, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New South Wales, New York, New Zealand North, New Zealand South, Newfoundland, North Carolina, Ohio, Ontario, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode I., Romania, South Carolina, Tasmania, Tennessee, Texas, Transcaucasus, Turkey-in-Europe, Virginia, Washington, Western Australia, Yugoslavia

    Common Names

    English
    Daffodil

    Narcissus pseudonarcissus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 289 (1753)

    Accepted in:

    • [1] (2016) Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 10: 175-190
    • [2] Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013) Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • [3]
    • [4] (2010) Phytoneuron 2010-9: 1-6
    • [6] (2002) Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190
    • [13] Blanchard, J.W. (1990) Narcissus a Guide to Wild Daffodils . Alpine Garden Society, Woking.
    • [15] (1985) Sommerfeltia 1: 5-103
    • [17] (1980) Flora of New Zealand 3: 1-220. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Literature

    • [5] Zonneveld, B.J.M. (2008). The systematic value of nuclear DNA content for all species of Narcissus L. (Amaryllidaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 275: 109-132.
    • [7] Flora of North America Editorial Committee (2002) Flora of North America North of Mexico 26: 1-723. Oxford University Press, New York, Oxford.
    • [8] Mabey, R. (1996). Flora Britannica. Chatto & Windus.
    • [9] Czerepanov, S.K. (1995) Vascular Plants of Russia and Adjacent States (The Former USSR) . Cambridge University Press.
    • [10] Arlott, N., Fitter, R. & Fitter, A. (1993). British wildlife. HarperCollins.
    • [11] Jefferson-Brown, M. (1991). Narcissus. B.T. Batsford Ltd., London.
    • [12] Blanchard, J.W. (1990). Narcissus - a guide to wild daffodils. Alpine Garden Society, Surrey.
    • [14] (1987) Flora of Australia 45: 1-521. Australian Government Publishing Service, Canberra.
    • [16] Davis, P.H. (ed.) (1984) Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands 8: 1-632. Edinburgh University Press, Edinburgh.
    • [18] Tutin, T.G. & al. (eds.) (1980) Flora Europaea 5: 1-452. Cambridge University Press.

    Sources

    International Plant Names Index
    The International Plant Names Index (2016). Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org
    [A] © Copyright 2016 International Plant Names Index. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Species Profiles
    Kew Species Profiles
    [B] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    [C]

    World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
    World Checklist of Selected Plant Families(2016). Published on the Internet http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [D] See http://kew.org/about-kew/website-information/legal-notices/index.htm You may use data on these Terms and Conditions and on further condition that: The data is not used for commercial purposes; You may copy and retain data solely for scholarly, educational or research purposes; You may not publish our data, except for small extracts provided for illustrative purposes and duly acknowledged; You acknowledge the source of the data by the words "With the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew" in a position which is reasonably prominent in view of your use of the data; Any other use of data or any other content from this website may only be made with our prior written agreement. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    [E] © Copyright 2016 International Plant Names Index and World Checkist of Selected Plant Families. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0