1. Family: Amaryllidaceae J.St.-Hil.
    1. Genus: Narcissus L.
      1. Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.

        This well-known European flower brings bright swathes of colour to woods and grassland in early spring. Although the daffodil is sometimes known as the Easter lily, it is actually a member of the Amaryllidaceae (the plant family that also includes snowdrops) and hence is not a true lily.

    [KSP]
    General Description
    The daffodil is the 'golden' flower that inspired the poetry of William Wordsworth.

    This well-known European flower brings bright swathes of colour to woods and grassland in early spring. Although the daffodil is sometimes known as the Easter lily, it is actually a member of the Amaryllidaceae (the plant family that also includes snowdrops) and hence is not a true lily.

    The Latin name for daffodil is thought to have been inspired by Narcissus, who was a figure in Greek mythology said to have fallen in love with his reflection in a pool of water. The nodding head of the daffodil is said to represent Narcissus bending down and gazing at his reflection.

    Distribution
    France, Germany, Portugal, Spain, United Kingdom
    Ecology
    Woodlands, coppices, open meadows and grassy slopes.
    Conservation
    Locally abundant and not considered to be threatened.
    Hazards

    The leaves, stems, seed pods and bulbs contain toxic alkaloids.

    Images

    Common Names

    English
    Daffodil

    Narcissus pseudonarcissus L. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Sp. Pl.: 289 (1753)

    Accepted in:

    • [1] (2016) Journal of the Botanical Research Institute of Texas 10: 175-190
    • [2] Castroviejo, S. & al. (eds.) (2013) Flora Iberica 20: 1-651. Real Jardín Botánico, CSIC, Madrid.
    • [3]
    • [4] (2010) Phytoneuron 2010-9: 1-6
    • [6] (2002) Botanical Journal of Scotland 54: 153-190
    • [11] Blanchard, J.W. (1990) Narcissus a Guide to Wild Daffodils . Alpine Garden Society, Woking.
    • [12] (1985) Sommerfeltia 1: 5-103
    • [13] (1980) Flora of New Zealand 3: 1-220. R.E.Owen, Government Printer, Wellington.

    Literature

    • [5] Zonneveld, B.J.M. (2008). The systematic value of nuclear DNA content for all species of Narcissus L. (Amaryllidaceae). Plant Systematics and Evolution 275: 109-132.
    • [7] Mabey, R. (1996). Flora Britannica. Chatto & Windus.
    • [8] Arlott, N., Fitter, R. & Fitter, A. (1993). British wildlife. HarperCollins.
    • [9] Jefferson-Brown, M. (1991). Narcissus. B.T. Batsford Ltd., London.
    • [10] Blanchard, J.W. (1990). Narcissus - a guide to wild daffodils. Alpine Garden Society, Surrey.

    Sources

    International Plant Names Index
    The International Plant Names Index (2016). Published on the Internet http://www.ipni.org
    [A] © Copyright 2016 International Plant Names Index. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Species Profiles
    Kew Species Profiles
    [B] http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0
    [C]

    World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
    World Checklist of Selected Plant Families(2016). Published on the Internet http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    [D] © Copyright 2016 International Plant Names Index and World Checkist of Selected Plant Families. https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0