1. Family: Poaceae Barnhart
    1. Genus: Cortaderia Stapf
      1. Cortaderia nitida (Kunth) Pilg.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Costa Rica to Peru.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 2500 - 4000 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba
    Conservation
    No Evaluada
    [GB]
    Habit
    Perennial; caespitose. Culms 100-200 cm long; 2-3 mm diam. Culm-nodes glabrous. Lateral branches lacking. Leaf-sheaths glabrous on surface. Ligule a fringe of hairs; 1-2 mm long. Leaf-blades 20-40 cm long; 3-6 mm wide. Leaf-blade margins scabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Gynodioecious (male, in this context, indicating the bisexual state). Inflorescence a panicle; embraced at base by subtending leaf. Peduncle 40 cm long. Panicle open; ovate; 20-30 cm long; 10-12 cm wide. Primary panicle branches 10-20 cm long. Panicle axis scabrous. Spikelets solitary. Fertile spikelets pedicelled. Pedicels 2-8 mm long; scabrous; bearing a few hairs; hairy at tip. Male inflorescence bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets resembling female.
    Spikelets
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 11-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 1.3-1.5 mm long; pilose. Floret callus hairs 2.5-3 mm long.
    Fertile
    Spikelets comprising 2-3 fertile florets; with diminished florets at the apex. Spikelets cuneate; laterally compressed; 11-14 mm long; breaking up at maturity; disarticulating below each fertile floret. Floret callus evident; 1.3-1.5 mm long; pilose. Floret callus hairs 2.5-3 mm long.
    Glume
    Glumes similar; shorter than spikelet; similar to fertile lemma in texture; gaping. Lower glume linear; 10-13 mm long; 1 length of upper glume; membranous; 1 -veined. Lower glume lateral veins absent. Lower glume surface asperulous. Lower glume margins ciliolate. Upper glume linear; 10-13 mm long; 1.4-1.6 length of adjacent fertile lemma; membranous; 1 -veined. Upper glume lateral veins absent. Upper glume surface asperulous. Upper glume margins ciliolate.
    Florets
    Fertile florets female. Fertile lemma lanceolate; 7-8 mm long; membranous; without keel; 3-5(-7) -veined. Lemma surface scaberulous; plumose; hairy below. Lemma margins ciliate. Lemma hairs 5-6 mm long. Lemma apex lobed; 2 -fid; with filiform lobes; with lobes 0.5-1 mm long; acuminate; awned; 1 -awned. Principal lemma awn 5-6 mm long overall. Palea lanceolate; 5.5-6 mm long; 0.66 length of lemma; 2 -veined. Palea keels ciliolate. Palea surface pilose; hairy on flanks. Palea apex truncate. Apical sterile florets resembling fertile though underdeveloped.
    Flowers
    Lodicules 2; cuneate; fleshy. Anthers 3.
    Fruits
    Caryopsis with adherent pericarp.
    Male
    Male inflorescence bisexual similar to female; a panicle. Male spikelets resembling female.
    Distribution
    South America: northern South America and western South America.
    Reference
    Arundineae. Conert 1993.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela

    Cortaderia nitida (Kunth) Pilg. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 2008 Oxford Univ. Expedition [131], Ecuador K000709769
    Jan 1, 2008 Gomez, L.D. [22454], Panama K000709633
    Jan 1, 2008 Jaramillo, J. [6028], Ecuador K000709767
    Jan 1, 2008 Laegaard, S. [71042], Ecuador K000709787
    Jan 1, 2008 Laegaard, S. [53532], Ecuador K000709788
    Jan 1, 2008 Peterson, P.M. [9009], Ecuador K000709768
    Jan 1, 2008 Renvoize, S.A. [4832], Peru K000709785
    Jan 1, 2000 Laegaard, S. [18886], Ecuador K000709745
    Jan 1, 1999 Laegaard, S. [19597A], Ecuador K000709773
    Jan 1, 1994 Laegaard, S. [101184], Ecuador K000709762
    Jan 1, 1994 Laegaard, S. [101317], Ecuador K000709763
    Jan 1, 1992 Wood, J.R.I. [3677], Colombia K000709782
    Jan 1, 1992 Wood, J.R.I. [3911], Colombia K000709783
    Jan 1, 1992 Soderstrom, T.R. [1350], Colombia K000709776
    Jan 1, 1992 Soderstrom, T.R. [1350], Colombia K000709777
    Jan 1, 1992 Soderstrom, T.R. [1334], Colombia K000709778
    Jan 1, 1992 Soderstrom, T.R. [1334], Colombia K000709779
    Jan 1, 1992 Balslev, H. [1450], Ecuador K000709755
    Jan 1, 1991 Pohl, R.W. [10850], Costa Rica K000709632
    Jan 1, 1991 s.coll. [5432], Colombia K000709781
    Nov 1, 1988 Cazalet, P.C.D. [5344], Ecuador K000709770
    Nov 1, 1988 Andre, E. [1044], Ecuador K000709757
    Nov 1, 1988 Spruce [6457], Ecuador K000709771
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [53596], Ecuador K000709746
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [70509], Ecuador K000709750
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [53820], Ecuador K000709751
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [52303], Ecuador K000709752
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [53975], Ecuador K000709753
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [71080], Ecuador K000709754
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [51346], Ecuador K000709759
    Jan 1, 1988 Laegaard, S. [54527], Ecuador K000709760
    Jan 1, 1988 Holm-Neilsen, L.B. [41947], Ecuador K000709756
    Wood, J.R.I. [4414], Colombia K000709784
    Andre, E. [1006], Colombia K000709775
    Laegaard, S. [71787], Ecuador K000709747
    Laegaard, S. [71787], Ecuador K000709748
    Laegaard, S. [54544], Ecuador K000709749
    Laegaard, S. [70509], Ecuador K000709758
    Laegaard, S. [70487], Ecuador K000709761
    Renvoize, S. [5457], Colombia K000709780
    s.coll. [1019], Colombia K000709774
    s.coll. [s.n.], Peru K000709786
    Ramsay, P.M. [705], Ecuador K000709764
    Ramsay, P.M. [705], Ecuador K000709765
    Ramsay, P.M. [912], Ecuador K000709766
    Lamison [s.n.], Ecuador K000709772

    First published in Bot. Jahrb. Syst. 37: 374 (1906)

    Accepted by

    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Clayton, W.D., Harman, K.T. & Williamson, H. (2006). World Grass Species - Synonymy database The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 3: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2011). Catálogo de la familia Poaceae en Colombia Darwiniana 49: 139-247.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • Hammel, B.E. & al. (2003). Manual de Plantas de Costa Rica 3: 1-884. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286.

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    GrassBase - The Online World Grass Flora
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0