Skip to main content
  1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Areca L.
      1. Areca abdulrahmanii J.Dransf.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo (Sarawak).

    [PW]
    General Description
    Apparently solitary, short-stemmed, undergrowth palmlet. Stem to c. 2.5 m, 1.3 cm diam.; internodes to 1.5 cm, nodes marked by conspicuous leaf scars, c. 3 mm high; surface of internode dull green with sparse brown scales. Leaf sheaths forming a distinct crownshaft to 23 x 2 cm; sheaths 7-13 cm long with basal circumference 2-3 cm, striate, with sparse brown scales; ligule poorly developed. Leaf without sheath 65-80 cm including petiole to 30 x 0-3 cm; leaflets 2-3 on each side of the rachis, diverging at an angle of c. 30'; leaflets subequal, with up to 5 main ribs, acuminate except for the lobed apical pair, to c. 35 x 3 cm; lamina surfaces concolorous, ± glabrous on adaxial surface, with scattered brown scales on abaxial surface. Inflorescence infrafoliar; peduncle short, c. 10 x 3 mm; rachillae 3-4, divaricate, ± zig-zag, to 100 x 2 mm, covered in brown scales, each bearing 1-3 triads near the base, and spirally arranged pairs of staminate flowers distally. Staminate flower conspicuously stipitate, the stalk formed from the calyx base, glabrous, to 1.5 mm, the calyx tubular above the solid base, lobes 3, strongly keeled, narrow triangular, to 1 mm; corolla with 3 ovate apiculate petals to 3.5 x 1.75 mm; stamens 6, to 1.5 x 0.3 mm, anthers borne on short filaments; pistillode absent. Pistillate flower sessile with 3 imbricate, cucullate, apiculate free sepals to 4.5 x 3 mm, and 3 free imbricate apiculate petals to 4.5 x 2.5 mm; ovary to 7 x 2.5 mm, tipped with a beak and 3 stigmas. Immature fruit fusiform, 'ripening red', to 21 x 7 mm, tipped with stigmatic remains; seed immature, basally attached.
    Biology
    This is a lowland species, and was found growing in the unusual habitat of crevices in limestone.
    Distribution
    Borneo, Sarawak, 4th Division, known only from type collection.
    Diagnostic
    ad sectionem Microarecam pertinens, floribus staminatis stipitatisque A. abdulrahmanii J. Dransf. et A. klingkangensi J. Dransf. affinis, sed calcicola et staminibus tantum 6 distincta.

    Images

    Distribution

    Other Data

    Areca abdulrahmanii J.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jermy, A.C. [13702], Sarawak K000208013 isotype

    Bibliography

    First published in Bot. J. Linn. Soc. 81: 33 (1980)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1995). World Checklist of Seed Plants 1(1, 2): 1-483, 1-529. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

    • J. Dransfield, The genus Areca (Palmae: Arecoideae) in Borneo. 1984

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0