1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus brandisii Becc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. & S. India.

    [PW]
    General Description
    A slender climber; stem cluster-forming, with leafsheath 10 -15 mm in diameter, without leafsheath 9 mm in diameter. Leaves ecirrate; leafsheath armed with numerous, thin, 9 mm - 2 cm long needle-like spines; leafsheath with distinct knee and long, delicate flagellum; ocrea furnished with straight subulate spines; rachis armed with needle-like straight spines and deflexed spines on margins and on lower side; petiole about 20 - 25 cm long with 3 - 5 cm long needles on both sides; leaflets lanceolate, acuminate, to 40 cm long, 3 - 5 cm broad at middle, arranged in groups of 3 - 4 leaflets on each side; inequidistant on rachis; uppermost leaflets digitate at summit, almost with the same size as the other, 5-nerved. Male and female inflorescences flagelliform; prophyll flattened at base, aculeate on flat edges with distinct tongue-like appendage at the opening; partial inflorescences twice branched, adnate at base with the inflorescence axis and separate high above the mouth of the respective basal bracts; bracts spiny outside; male rachillae alternate, 2 - 3 cm long; male flowers distichous; female partial inflorescences with 15-20 cm long, 8-9 alternate female rachillae. Fruit oblong, brownish, 10mm x 7 mm, with abrupt stigmatic beak; fruiting perianth flattened to slightly bulged outside; fruit scales sligthly swollen, yellow with light brown margins, faintly channelled at middle, arranged in 12 longitudinal series. Seed not examined.
    Distribution
    INDIA (Tamil Nadu, Kerala). Endemic.
    Biology
    Infrequent in moist forests of the lower Western Ghats. Now restricted to the southern most part of Western Ghats. This species was collected from Tamil Nadu after 50 years, but could not be traced in Kerala (Renuka et. al., 1987).

    Distribution

    Calamus brandisii Becc. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 6: 448 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0