1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus calicarpus Griff.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Malaysia to N. Sumatera.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Clustering thicket-forming + acaulescent hapaxanthic rosette palm. Leaves in the vegetative phase ecirrate, very large, to 4 m long with petiole to about 1.5 - 2 m long. Petiole including lower sheathing area rich dark brown armed with close oblique whorls of short black laminar spines and brown scaly indumentum. Leaflets 80-100 on each side in the mature vegetative phase, closely crowded, regular, the longest near the base to 40 m long by 1.5 cm wide, decreasing in size in upper part of leaf; leaflets bristly on upper side of the two main lateral nerves, and very densely bristly on underside of main nerve. Inflorescences produced ± simultaneously, crowded together in the axils of very small reduced cirrate leaves at the stem apex, forming a club like head of inflorescences, the stem then dying. Inflorescences male and female superficially similar the largest to about 25 cm long by 5 cm wide longly beaked with all bracts and flowers enclosed in the outer most bract. All exposed parts of bracts densely covered with very fine pale to dark spines and grey fluff-like indumentum. Flowers of both sexes creamy brown, heavily sickly scented. Mature fruit rounded, tipped by a short beak, to 2 cm in diameter covered in 15-18 vertical rows of rich light brown scales with dark brown margins. Seed mostly rounded, somewhat flattened on two sides, about 12 mm in diameter without the sweet transparent sarcotesta. Endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf pinnate with numerous fine regular leaflets.
    Distribution
    Perak, Pahang, Selangor, Negri Sembilan, Malacca, Johore. N. Sumatra.
    Vernacular
    lumpit
    [PW]
    Use
    The leaves are used for thatch and the leaf rachis cleaned of thorns for some forms of basketry.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malaya, Sumatera

    Calamus calicarpus Griff. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Griffith [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops calicarpa K000207619 isotype
    Griffith [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops calicarpa K000207656 isotype
    Griffith [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops calicarpa K000207620 isotype
    Griffith [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops calicarpa K000207657 isotype
    Griffith [6380], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops calicarpa K000207654 isotype
    Griffith [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops calicarpa K000207658 isotype
    Griffith [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops calicarpa K000207655 isotype
    Saw Leng Guan [FRI44273], Malaysia Daemonorops calicarpa K000462539

    First published in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5: 92 (1845)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Daemonorops calicarpa.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Daemonorops calicarpa.]

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0