1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus conirostris Becc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Malesia.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Moderate clustering short-stemmed rattan with stems rarely exceeding 10 m, usually much less; stem without sheaths c. 10 mm diam., with sheaths to 35 mm diam., internodes to c. 35 cm long. usually much less. Sheaths dull green, armed with dull green, horizontal or reflexed sparse to abundant spines to 30 mm long and erect very large spines to 180 mm long around the leaf sheath mouth, pale brown indumentum abundant on young sheaths; knee conspicuous; ocrea inconspicuous. Flagellum to 75 cm. Leaf curved, subcirrate, to 2.5 m long including the petiole to 50 cm; petiole sparsely armed with short lateral spines; leaflets curved, regular, rather distant, c. 35 on each side of the rachis, the largest to c. 40 × 2 cm, decreasing in size towards the subcirrate tip, bristly on 3 nerves on the undersurface. Inflorescences erect or curving, c. 60 cm with 1-3 partial inflorescences only, the partial inflorescences appearing as continuations of the axis and the true axis appearing as a branch; rachillae congested; flowers relatively large, to 7 mm. Ripe fruit top-shaped, c. 30 × 20 mm, tapering to a pronounced conical beak, and covered in 15 vertical rows of jet-black unchannelled scales with toothed margins. Seed ovoid, c. 15 × 10 mm; endosperm ruminate. Seedling leaf not known. (Fig. 44).
    Distribution
    Widespread and locally abundant in Brunei. Elsewhere widespread throughout Borneo, local in Sumatra, rare in Peninsular Malaysia.
    Vernacular
    Uwai Pegit (Dus.), Wi Danum (Ib.)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Malaya, Sumatera

    Calamus conirostris Becc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 21, 2000 Niga [BRUN15093], Brunei K000113144
    Jul 21, 2000 Salleh [BRUN15341], Brunei K000113164
    Jul 21, 2000 Joffre [BRUN15399], Brunei K000113158
    Mar 4, 1996 Baker, W.J. [516], Malaysia K000113096
    Sep 29, 1995 Frohlich, J. [3], Brunei K000113067
    Dec 22, 1993 Van Valkenburg [1136], Indonesia K000113084
    Jan 1, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MCS46], Brunei K000113090
    Jan 1, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MCS8], Brunei K000113093
    Jan 1, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MCS67], Brunei K000113102
    Jan 1, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MCS17], Brunei K000113099
    Oct 3, 1990 Wong, K.M. [WKM479], Brunei K000113103
    Oct 3, 1990 Wong [WKM1406], Brunei K000113073
    Oct 1, 1990 Dransfield, J. [JD6587], Brunei K000113105
    Mar 16, 1989 Wong, K.M. [WKM945], Brunei K000113089
    Feb 18, 1989 Ching [S46039], Malaysia K000113079
    Feb 1, 1989 Lee [S52428], Malaysia K000113086
    Feb 1, 1989 Awa [S51046], Malaysia K000113082
    Feb 28, 1986 Awa [S46783], Malaysia K000113094
    Aug 5, 1983 Sundaling [SAN94962], Malaysia K000113070
    Jun 17, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5715], Malaysia K000113092
    Jun 17, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5628], Malaysia K000113098
    Jun 17, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5529], Malaysia K000113068
    Sep 11, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD5626], Malaysia K000113071
    Dec 18, 1978 Whitmore, T. [TCW3139], Malaysia K000113083
    Oct 2, 1978 Chai [S39668], Malaysia K000113081
    Aug 1, 1975 Dransfield, J. [JD4681], Malaysia K000113069
    Jan 28, 1975 Keith [1613], Malaysia K000113075
    Coode, M. [7679], Brunei K000113104
    Dransfield, J. [JD4435], Indonesia K000113101
    Dransfield, J. [JD4392], Indonesia K000113074
    Dransfield, J. [JD6037], Malaysia K000113072
    Dransfield, J. [JD5290], Malaysia K000113080
    Dransfield, J. [JD6575], Brunei K000113088
    Dransfield, J. [JD6590], Brunei K000113087
    Baker, W.J. [WJB532], Brunei K000113095
    Yii, P.C. [52112], Malaysia K000113097
    Kunstler, H. [5808], Peninsular Malaysia K000207702 syntype
    Kunstler, H. [5808], Peninsular Malaysia K000207701 syntype
    Kunstler, H. [5808], Peninsular Malaysia K000207700 syntype
    Kunstler, H. [4593], Peninsular Malaysia K000207709 syntype
    Kunstler, H. [4593], Peninsular Malaysia K000207708 syntype
    Kunstler, H. [4593], Peninsular Malaysia K000207707 syntype
    Kunstler, H. [5808], Peninsular Malaysia K000207704 syntype
    Kunstler, H. [5808], Peninsular Malaysia K000207706 syntype
    Kunstler, H. [5808], Peninsular Malaysia K000207703 syntype
    Kunstler, H. [5808], Peninsular Malaysia K000207705 syntype
    Kunstler, H. [5808], Peninsular Malaysia K000208105 syntype
    Said [BRUN15632], Brunei K000113118
    Morshidi [S24076], Malaysia K000113091
    Fah [96883], Malaysia K000113100
    Stockdale, M.J. [500], Indonesia K000113085

    First published in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 6: 461 (1893)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0