1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus draco Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Thailand to W. Malesia.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Known in Sarawak from a single collection from Pueh Forest Reserve, 1st Division. Elsewhere known (in the sense of Beccari's interpretation) from a few collections from S Sumatra.
    Vernacular
    wiondo (Selak.)
    General Description
    Clustering rattan climbing to 15 m tall; stem without sheaths c. 15 mm diam., with sheaths to 30 mm diam., internodes c. 15 cm long. Sheath bright green, bearing chocolate-coloured indumentum when young, armed with rather irregular short partial whorls of black spines andspinules, to 20 mm long, usually much less; knee well developed, armed with scattered black spines; ocrea absent. Leaf cirrate, to 2.5 m long including the petiole to 30 cm and cirrus to 1 m long; petiole armed laterally with groups of short spines to 6 mm long; leaflets c. 20 on each side of the rachis, ± regularly arranged, rather distant, linear-lanceolate, long acuminate, the longest to 40 x 2.5 cm, armed with long bristles on the main vein and 2 laterals on the undersurface; transverse veinlets minute but easily visible. Inflorescences pendulous, much shorter than the leaves, c. 45 cm long with c. 3 partial inflorescences; bracts rather thick and woody, falling at anthesis; rachillae very short. Mature fruit (not known in Sarawak) ± ovoid, 28 x 20 mm, covered in 16 vertical rows of scales, heavily encrusted with dragon's blood. Seed ± rounded; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling not known (Fig. 17).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Malaya, Sumatera, Thailand

    Calamus draco Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 12, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD5997], Malaysia Daemonorops draco K000520440
    Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520441
    Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520442
    Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520443
    Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520444
    Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520445
    Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [1473], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520446
    Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [7980], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520447
    Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [5824], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520450
    Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [7980], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520448
    Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [5824], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520451
    Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [7980], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520449
    Jan 1, 1974 Boeea [5824], Indonesia Daemonorops draco K000520452
    Jul 12, 1973 Jacobs [8170], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521143
    Dec 6, 1967 Bartlett [7667a], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521080
    Dec 6, 1967 Bartlett [6433], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521141
    Dec 6, 1967 Bartlett [7667a], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521081
    Dec 6, 1967 Bartlett [6433], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521142
    Dec 6, 1967 Boeea [7434], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521129
    Dec 6, 1967 Boeea [5737], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521137
    Dec 6, 1967 Boeea [7434], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521130
    Dec 6, 1967 Boeea [5737], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521138
    Dec 6, 1967 Boeea [7434], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521131
    Dec 6, 1967 Boeea [5737], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521139
    Dec 6, 1967 Boeea [7434], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521132
    Dec 6, 1967 Boeea [5737], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521140
    Nov 1, 1967 Boeea [5707], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521133
    Nov 1, 1967 Boeea [5707], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521134
    Nov 1, 1967 Boeea [5707], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521135
    Nov 1, 1967 Boeea [5707], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521136
    Witono, J. [147], Indonesia Daemonorops propinqua K000521144

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 2: 203 (1799)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Daemonorops draco.]
    • Rustiami, H., Setyowati, F.M. & Kartawinata, K. (2004). Taxonomy and uses of Daemonorops draco (Willd.) Blume Journal of Tropical Ethnobiology 1(2): 65-75. [Cited as Daemonorops draco.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Daemonorops draco.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Rustiami, H., Setyowati, F.M. & Kartawinata, K. (2004). Taxonomy and uses of Daemonorops draco (Willd.) Blume Journal of Tropical Ethnobiology 1(2): 65-75.

    Sources

    Art and Illustrations in Digifolia
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0