1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus elongatus (Blume) Miq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Scattered throughout the lowlands of Sabah; elsewhere throughout endemic.
    General Description
    Moderate clustering rather short-stemmed rattan with stems rarely exceeding 4 m; stem without sheaths c 1 cm diam., with sheaths to 2 cm diam.; internodes rarely exceeding 6 cm. Leaf sheaths dark green rather densely covered with chocolate-coloured indumentum and armed with abundant scattered or partially whorled black reflexed or erect spines to 30 mm, usually much less, with pale bases; spines around leaf sheath mouth erect papery to 12 cm. Knee poorly developed. Leaf to 1.2 m, usually with a short cirrus to 30 cm with only a vestige, petiole to 40 cm, armed with distant, regular, large later to 5 cm, sometimes much shorter, and scattered shorter spines along the mid line of the abaxial surface; leaflets up to c 20 on each side of the rachis, regularly arranged below, irregularly arranged above; largest leaflets to 40 x 2 cm, armed with 3 rows of bristles on the upper surface, one row beneath, and along margins. Inflorescences male and female superficially similar, with rusty tomentose axes in very short stemme individuals with a long stalk to 30 cm, in climbing individuals with a much shorter stalk; all bracts quickly falling except for the first which may persist, to c 12 x 3 cm, brown, armed with distant groups of spines; male rachillae to 1 cm, female rachillae to 5 cm. Mature fruit relatively small, usually ± globose, up to 10 mm diam., covered in 15-19 vertical rows of straw-coloured scales (green when immature); seed globose, c 6 mm diam.; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf unknown.

    Distribution

    Calamus elongatus (Blume) Miq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 14, 2005 Watanabe, N.M. [NMW57], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000209404
    Feb 20, 1997 Joseph [SAN110094], Malaysia Daemonorops elongata K000520468
    May 26, 1994 Ambriansyah [AA584], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520471
    Jan 6, 1993 Stockdale, M.J. [MCS518], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520463
    Jun 17, 1991 Giesen, W. [94], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520457
    Oct 5, 1990 Sundaling [SAN105565], Malaysia Daemonorops elongata K000520458
    Feb 3, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5651], Malaysia Daemonorops elongata K000520460
    Feb 3, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5641], Malaysia Daemonorops elongata K000520466
    Sep 25, 1980 Mogea, J.P. [785], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520459
    Jul 21, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5661], Malaysia Daemonorops elongata K000520461
    Mar 10, 1976 Maidin [3671], Malaysia Daemonorops elongata K000520456
    Mar 10, 1976 Maidin [3672], Malaysia Daemonorops elongata K000520469
    Oct 16, 1972 Dransfield, J. [JD2810], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520465
    Nov 6, 1971 Dransfield, J. [JD2064], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520470
    Motley [1170], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520454
    Motley [672], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520453
    Motley [1170], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520455
    Stockdale, M.J. [MCS339], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520472
    Stockdale, M.J. [MCS284], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520462
    Stockdale, M.J. [MCS509], Indonesia Daemonorops elongata K000520464
    Lugas [572], Malaysia Daemonorops elongata K000520467

    First published in Nieuwe Verh. Eerste Kl. Kon. Ned. Inst. Wetensch. Amsterdam, ser. 3, 3: 6 (1850)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Daemonorops elongata.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Daemonorops elongata.]

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0