1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus filipendulus Becc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Malaysia.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Slender, clustering, low rattan rarely more than 5 m tall. Stem to 6 mm in diameter without sheaths, with internodes to 12 cm long; stem with sheaths to 1.3 cm. Sheaths dark green, with scattered triangular, brown-tipped spines to 5 mm long, these occasionally joined at their bases, and red-brown indumentum, this quickly falling; knee present. Flagellum to 2 m long. Leaf to 1 m long, usually less, ecirrate; petiole to 10 cm long very sparsely armed with reflexed spines. Leaflets 6-8 in number, disproportionately large; apical pair joined for a third of their length, others ± regularly arranged, ± equal in size, to ± 30 cm long by 8 cm wide, dark green cucullate, with inconspicuous marginal bristles. Inflorescences female and male superficially similar 2.3 m long, bearing 4-5 small, distant, slender partial inflorescences, branching 1-2 times in female, 1-3 times in male, with bracts covered with minute scabrid hairs. Open flowers greenish yellow. Mature fruit top-shaped, to 14 mm long by 9 mm in diameter near the base, gradually narrowing to the pronounced cylindrical beak; white to straw coloured, covered in 13 vertical rows of scales with conspicuous dark margins. Seed ovate to top shaped, flattened on one lateral face deeply and coarsely sinuouse-grooved. Endosperm homogeneous.
    Distribution
    Perak, Pahang, Selangor: Endemic.
    Vernacular
    rotan batu
    [PW]
    Use
    Apparently a good cane, but lengths are likely to be short because of the low stature of the rattan. The name rotan batu is the same as that given to C. insignis.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus filipendulus Becc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 12, 1934 Burkill, I.H. [13446], Peninsular Malaysia K000207744 isotype
    Mar 12, 1934 Burkill, I.H. [13451], Peninsular Malaysia K000207745 isotype
    Kunstler, H. [8019], Malaysia K000207747
    Kunstler, H. [5659], Peninsular Malaysia K000207748 isotype
    Kunstler, H. [5659], Peninsular Malaysia K000207746 isotype

    First published in J.D.Hooker, Fl. Brit. India 6: 443 (1892)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, A Manual of the rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Recirds 29.. 1979

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0