1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus fissus (Blume) Miq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Widespread throughout the lowlands of Brunei; rare in the uplands. Elsewhere throughout Borneo. Endemic (but see below).
    General Description
    Clustering moderate to robust rattan climbing to 30 m, frequently producing thickets; stem without sheaths to 25 mm diam., with sheaths to 35 mm diam., internodes to 20 cm or more; white latex exuding from cut surface. Sheath dull greenish-brown, rather densely armed with shiny flattened black spines, 10-20 mm long, solitary or grouped, brown indumentum abundant between the spines; knee conspicuous armed as the sheath; ocrea inconspicuous. Leaf cirrate, to 3.5 m including the petiole to 40 cm and cirrus to 1 m; petiole usually armed with groups of short triangular spines along the margins; leaflets c. 80-100 on each side of the rachis, close, regular, narrow, the longest to 40 × 1.5 cm, bristly along the margins and up to 5 nerves on upper surface and along the mid nerve on the undersurface. Inflorescences usually produced in abundance, stiffly erect at anthesis, to 50 cm including the terminal beak to 20 cm, all inner bracts enclosed within the outermost, the tips of the inner bracts included within the beak, bracts usually persisting though splitting longitudinally, very rarely disintegrating, outermost bract usually heavily armed with spines similar to those on the sheath and abundant indumentum. Mature fruit spherical, to 20 mm diam., tipped with a short beak to 3 mm, and covered with c. 15 vertical rows of cinnamon-brown scales with darker margins. Seed rounded or slightly depressed, c. 13 mm diam.; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf pinnate with c. 6-8 leaflets on each side of the rachis. (Fig. 10).
    [PW]
    Use
    Produces a coarse medium-sized cane; the apex can sometimes be found for sale as a vegetable.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus fissus (Blume) Miq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 22, 2007 Hewitt [7] Daemonorops fissa K000525278
    Mar 22, 2004 Dransfield, J. [JD4729], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525279
    Feb 26, 2001 Andersen, J. [144], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000114105
    Sep 13, 2000 Mogea, J.P. [7390], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000114252
    Sep 13, 2000 Mogea, J.P. [7393], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000030610
    Aug 1, 1997 Soibeh [827], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525290
    Apr 17, 1996 Mohizah [S73907], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525296
    Jun 2, 1994 Ridsdale, C. [PBU568], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525289
    Mar 23, 1993 Tadong [12], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525288
    Jan 31, 1992 Stockdale, M.J. [MCS89], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525276
    Jan 31, 1992 Stockdale, M.J. [MCS102], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525256
    Oct 5, 1991 Van Valkenburg [1007], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525292
    Dec 7, 1990 Cuadra [A2379], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525265
    Oct 5, 1990 Dewol [SAN124694], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000520478
    Sep 1, 1989 Lee, B. [S52571], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000520474
    Sep 1, 1989 Mohtar [S48118], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000520477
    Feb 6, 1989 Bidin [SAN84716], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525252
    Feb 11, 1987 Sutisna [071], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525257
    Sep 13, 1985 Sundaling [SAN97268], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525269
    Apr 12, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5901], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525267
    Sep 25, 1980 Mogea, J.P. [1884], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000520649
    Jul 22, 1980 Moore, H.E. [9093], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525271
    Jul 22, 1980 unknown [11828], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525261
    Jul 22, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5569], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525272
    Jul 22, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5617], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525280
    Jul 22, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5510], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000520479
    Jul 22, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5630], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000520480
    Jul 22, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5571], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000520476
    Jul 22, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD4391], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525268
    Jul 22, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD3916], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525285
    Jul 22, 1980 Castro [1639], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525250
    Jul 22, 1980 illegible [11818], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525263
    Jul 22, 1980 Endert [1777], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525259
    Jul 22, 1980 Meijer [SAN22616], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525262
    Jul 22, 1980 Maidin [3685], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525297
    Jul 22, 1980 Gibot [SAN89924], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525283
    Jul 22, 1980 Haron [S14392], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525266
    Jul 22, 1980 Abas [SAN85993], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525287
    Jul 22, 1980 Bidin [SAN84721], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525274
    Jul 22, 1980 Oralto [2892], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525295
    Mar 11, 1980 Mogea, J.P. [B1617], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525273
    Nov 29, 1979 Mogea, J.P. [702], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525253
    Aug 24, 1978 Dransfield, J. [JD4925], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525258
    Aug 24, 1978 Chai, P. [S37333], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525281
    Dransfield, J. [7145], Brunei Daemonorops fissa K000525254
    Dransfield, J. [7291], Brunei Daemonorops fissa K000525251
    Ramos [1789], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000520473
    Baker, W.J. [546], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000114472
    Hoare, A. [318], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000114239
    Hoare, A. [39], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000114238
    Christensen [1212], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525277
    Christensen [189], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525293
    Said [BRUN15643], Brunei Daemonorops fissa K000113117
    Sundaling [SAN123757], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000520475
    Van Valkenburg [10], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525275
    Van Valkenburg [1018], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525284
    Van Valkenburg [1060], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525286
    Van Valkenburg [1035], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525282
    Andersen, J. [153], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000114102
    Ching, Y.P. [S.61352], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525264
    Ching, Y.P. [S61350], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525270
    Awmack, C. [229], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525291
    Awmack, C. [300], Indonesia Daemonorops fissa K000525255
    Abas [SAN86046], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525260
    Tadong [583], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525294
    Hepburn [SAN90551], Malaysia Daemonorops fissa K000525298
    Hewitt, J. [s.n.], Borneo Daemonorops hallieriana K000697796 Unknown type material

    First published in Nieuwe Verh. Eerste Kl. Kon. Ned. Inst. Wetensch. Amsterdam, ser. 3, 3: 6 (1850)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Daemonorops fissa.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Daemonorops fissa.]

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0