1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus floribundus Griff.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is E. Himalaya to N. Myanmar.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    INDIA (Assam, Meghalaya, Arunachal Pradesh), BANGLADESH, BURMA.
    General Description
    A strong climber; stem cluster-forming, with leafsheath to 3 cm in diameter. Leaves ecirrate; leafsheath armed with to 3 cm long, subulate, horizontal to deflexed spines, mostly scattered or seriate, intermingled with dark brown bulbous based bristles; petiole strongly armed at margins with to 4 cm long, straight rigid spines, horizontal or deflexed from petiole; flagellum armed with black tipped claws; leaflets not many, lanceolate, 3-5 nerved, to 50 cm long, 3 - 4 cm wide at middle; upper leaflets crowded; terminal leaflets conspicuously connate at base. Male inflorescence flagelliform, to 3 m long; partial inflorescences to 40 cm long, thrice branched; primary bracts tubular, 2-edged, armed with scattered straight spines; secondary bracts tubular, non spiny, with funnel-like opening; flower branches alternate, inserted at the mouth or just above the mnouth of the respective bracts, each holding alternate, to 2 cm long rachillae; male flowers distichous, ovoid, 3-4 mm long; calyx rounded, almost smooth at base with 3-acute lobes; corolla twice longer than calyx. Female partial inflorescences fewer in number, 15-30 cm long; base of the partial inflorescences inserted within the primary bracts; rachillae 4 - 8 in number on each side of the flower branch, 8 -12 cm long, slightly arched, zig-zag between the flowers; involucrophorum sub-cupular, acutely toothed on each side, almost exserted from own bract. Female flowers 4 mm long, ovoid, conic. Fruit almost globose, suddenly beaked to 10mm in diameter; fruit-scales in 15 series, obtuse, shining, superficially channelled at middle, straw yellow in colour; seed sub-orbicular.
    Biology
    Grows in moist forests of the plains and lower hill valleys.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Assam, Bangladesh, East Himalaya, Myanmar

    Calamus floribundus Griff. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Griffith [6387], India K000521871
    unknown [526], India K000522416
    unknown [8613], India K000521868
    unknown [s.n.E83], India K000521856
    unknown [s.n.E84], India K000521855
    unknown [s.n.E85], India K000521854
    unknown [s.n.E91], India K000521857
    unknown [8613], India K000521869
    Jenkins [6176], India K000400179 Unknown type material
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E80], India K000521859
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E81], India K000521858
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E82], India K000521861
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E86], India K000521863
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E87], India K000521864
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E88], India K000521865
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E89], India K000521866
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E90], India K000521867
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E80], India K000521862
    Hooker and Thompson [s.n.E81], India K000521860
    Jenkins, J.D. [187/102/19], India K000521870

    First published in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5: 56 (1845)

    Accepted by

    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0