1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus javensis Blume

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Myanmar to Jawa and Philippines (Palawan).

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Widespread throughout the State. Elsewhere throughout Borneo, Java, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, S. Thailand and Palawan.
    General Description
    Extremely variable slender to very slender clustering rattan forming low thickets or climbing to 10 m or more; stem without sheaths 2-6 mm diam., with to 10 mm diam., internodes to 30 cm long, usually less. Sheaths bright green when fresh, frequently reddish tinged, somewhat striate, unarmed or sparsely to densely armed with horizontal spines to 5 mm; knee present; ocrea moderately conspicuous, to 10 mm, deep crimson when young, tattering with age. Flagellum to 1 m. Leaf ecirrate, very variable in form, in adult leaves always with the terminal pair of leaflets joined together for much of their length; petiole usually absent, rarely to 5 cm in some montane forms; leaflets 4-10 on each side of the rachis, grouped or more rarely subregular, lanceolate to spathulate, the lowermost 1-2 pairs often swept back across the stem, longest leaflets to 20 × 5 cm but usually much less, transverse veinlets conspicuous; young leaves tinged pink. Male and female inflorescences superficially similar with 2-5 partial inflorescences bearingcrimson rachillae ± at right angles. Ripe fruit ovoid, c. 12 × 8 mm, with a short beak and covered in 15-21 vertical rows of pale greenish white scales. Seed somewhat angular; endosperm homogeneous. Seedling leaf with 4 broad shiny leaflets. (Fig. 57).
    Vernacular
    Uwai Peladas (Dus., Br.), Uwai Podos (Dus.), Wi Anak (Ib.), Wi Peladas (Ib.)
    [PW]
    General Description
    Slender clustering rattan climbing to 15 m; stem without sheaths 2-4 mm diam., with sheaths to 5 mm diam., internodes to 12 cm long, usually less. Sheath dull brownish-green, reddish- tinged when young, unarmed but bearing rather regularly arranged low ridges, the sheath thus appearing corrugated', knee present; ocrea very short. Flagellum to c. 40 cm. Leaf ecirrate, to 35 cm long, but usually much shorter;petiole absent', rachis bearing rusty-red hairs; leaflets 4-8 on each side of the rachis, broadly lanceolate, acute or acuminate, usually strictly opposite, the basal 1 or 2 on each side smaller than the rest and swept back across the stem, the apical pair joined together for over half their length, the mid leaf leaflets to 13 x 2.5 cm, usually much less, transverse veinlets quite conspicuous; young leaf pinkish-tinged. Inflorescence without a terminal flagellum, to c. 90 cm, only the female known; partial inflorescences 2-3, borne towards the tip of the inflorescence; rachillae 3 - 5 cm long. Mature fruit ovoid, 10 x 7 mm, tipped with a conspicuous cylindrical beak to 2.5 mm; scales pale yellowish-brown, arranged in 14 vertical rows. Seed c. 8 x 4 mm, irregularly scalloped and faceted. Seedling leaf not known (Fig. 77).
    Distribution
    Known from a few collections from the 1st Division (G Pueh, G Matang, Bako, Sabal Tapang, Semengoh) and one collection from the Hose Mountains. Not known elsewhere. Endemic.
    [PW]
    General Description
    Slender clustering rattan with stems climbing to 10 m or more; stem without sheaths to 4 mm, with sheaths to 8 mm; internodes to 20 cm. Sheaths mid-green, with scattered brown scales, unarmed, or rarely with a few scattered spines. Knee well-developed. Ocrea conspicuous, especially on young sheaths, to 15 mm. Flagellum to 1 m. Leaf ecirrate, to 35 cm, with no petiole; leaflets up to 12 on each side of the rachis, regularly arranged, narrow lanceolate to 16 x 2 cm, the lowermost somewhat smaller and swept back across the stem, bright green, shining; terminal leaflet pair joined for under 1/2 of their length; young leaves tinged pink. Male and female inflorescences similar, very similar to those of C. javensis but with more branches. Mature fruit small, spherical, c. 6 mm diam., with a short beak to 1 x 1 mm, and covered in 18 vertical rows of pale straw-coloured scales; seed rounded c 4 mm diam.; endosperm homogeneous. (Fig. 67)
    Vernacular
    rotan padas, rotan peladas
    Distribution
    Widespread throughout the State, but particularly abundant in the Tenom and Keningau districts. Endemic to Sabah.
    [PW]
    General Description
    Habit - Climbing; not branching in the forest canopy; not dying after flowering. Plants dioecious. Leaf-sheath - Tubular for most of its length; stem and sheath together 0.5-0.6 mm; flagellum long; knee present; with spines similar to the rest of the sheath. Sheath surface lacking small horizontal ridges; without hairs or minute spines; with scales on surface; grey. Leaf sheath without spines, or with sparse spines; spines persistent; upward pointing; of more or less the same size; the larger spines tapered; the longest, excluding those at the mouth of the sheath less than 1cm. Spines straight. Spines mostly not grouped. Spines around the leaf sheath mouth far fewer than on the rest of the sheath. Ocrea - Present; not diverging at an angle from the stem; tattering; unarmed. Leaf-stalk - Present, usually greater than 3cm; armed; irregularly; spines present in channel on upper face of petiole. Large well-defined auricles absent; blotches on petiole absent. Leaves - Ecirrate; rachis armed; not hairy. Scales absent from leaflet surfaces. Leaflets sessile; 1 to 10 on each side of rachis; irregularly spaced and parallel; held in a single plane; spathulate; the leaflet tip cucullate (hooded). Longest leaflet 7-18 cm; 2 to 5cm wide; with none or very few bristles; the margins with no or very few bristles. Leaflets scarcely plicate; the veins not radiating; midrib not raised and prominent. Lowermost leaflets not reflexed across the stem. Apical leaflets joined to 2/3; not less than 4 cm long. Inflorescence - Inflorescence axis erect along the axis, with clawed spines on the primary bracts; not rooting at its tip; much longer than the leaves; the first bract not enclosing the inflorescences at anthesis. Partial inflorescence present; bracts at the base of the partial inflorescences wholly tubular with a neat mouth or a small open limb, much shorter than the partial inflorescence. Rachilla lacking an enclosing bract; not at all pressed against the subtending bract. Flowers arranged in two rows. Male rachillae not less than 1 cm long. Bracts on the rachillae not net-like.
    Distribution
    A poorly known species found in western Kalimantan.
    [PW]
    Distribution
    In Sarawak known only from Semengoh. Elsewhere known only from the type, collected last century by Teysmann in Kalimantan. Endemic to Borneo.
    General Description
    Very slender clustering rattan climbing to 3 m only; stem without sheaths 3 -4 mm diam., with sheaths to 6 mm diam., internodes c. 12 cm long. Sheaths dull greenish-brown, unarmed; knee present, rather small; ocrea short, tubular, ± truncate, membranous. Flagellum to 30 cm. Leaf ecirrate to 40 cm; petiole very short or absent; rachis covered in dark brown hairs; leaflets c. 7 on each side of the rachis, rather broad lanceolate with 3 conspicuous veins, the terminal leaflet pair joined for about 21 3 their length, the others ± regular, alternate, the mid leaflets c. 14 x 2.5 cm, the basalmost much shorter and swept back across the stem, all leaflet surfaces densely covered by soft pale hairs, the margins appearing ciliate. Other parts not known (Fig. 76).
    [PW]
    Distribution
    With certainty known only from Nabawan; a sterile specimen from Sapa Payau F.R. is probably this species. Endemic.
    General Description
    Slender clustering rattan with stems climbing to 20 m; stem without sheaths to 6 mm diam., with to 9 mm; internodes to c 11 cm. Leaf sheath green, tinged crimson, with thin brown indumentum and armed with numerous scattered spines to 3 mm. Knee developed but not very conspicuous. Ocrea short, to 4 mm, tattering. Flagellum to 1 m. Leaf ecirrate to 30 cm, with no petiole; leaflets subregular, broad and beautifully bullate when fresh, about 7 on each side of the rachis, the lowermost pair swept back across the stem; terminal leaflet pair joined for up to l/2 their length; mid leaf leaflets the longest, to 12 x 4 cm, inconspicuously 3-nerved; young leaves tinged pink. Inflorescence only female known, not ending in a flagellum, to 60 cm, curved, with 6 partial inflorescences; partial inflorescences shorter than the conspicuous subtending oblong bract, split down one side, and short spiny; rachillae to 40 x 2.5 mm bearing very congested flowers. Fruit (immature) spherical to 6.5 mm diam., with a conspicuous beak to 2x1 mm, and covered in 21 vertical rows of scarcely grooved greenish scales. Seed c 5 mm diam.; endosperm homogeneous. (Fig. 68)
    [PW]
    Distribution
    Confined to the lowlands of the eastern part of Sabah; endemic.
    General Description
    Clustering slender rattan climbing to c 5 m only; stem without sheaths to 6 mm, with sheaths to 10 mm; internodes to 22 cm. Sheaths dull green, longitudinally striate, covered In grey indumentum, unarmed or with very few spines to 8 mm. Knee conspicuous, round, ± glabrous. Ocrea conspicuous, developed as a triangular limb to 7 cm opposite the petiole. Flagellum to 1 m. Leaf ecirrate to 60 cm including petiole,- petiole to 20 cm, sometimes much less, but always conspicuous, densely covered in grey floccose indumentum; leaflets dark green, usually 2 pairs only or 2 pairs and a single leaflet, or 3 pairs; terminal leaflet pair joined for c 5/6 their length forming a terminal flabellum to 35 x 10 cm; lateral leaflets usually close to the terminal pair, to 35 x 5 cm; young leaves pinkish. Male inflorescence to 1.5, m with 8 partial inflorescences, the first borne about 80 cm above the base; bracts with expanded limb to 16 x 1 cm bearing scattered spines; axis of partial inflorescence to 9 cm and rachillae to 12 x 0.2 cm, crimson when fresh. Female inflorescence known only in dead state, superficially similar to the male, with rachillae much shorter to 5 x 0.3 cm. Fruit not known. (Fig. 70)
    [PW]
    General Description
    Slender to moderate clustering rattan climbing to 20 m; stem without sheaths to 10 mm diam., with sheaths to 13 mm or more diam., internodes to 25 cm long. Sheaths dull green with scattered deciduous brown scales, unarmed or, more usually, rather densely armed with horizontal pale green spines 5-18 mm long with hairy margins when young; knee conspicuous; ocrea to 10 mm. Flagellum to 2 m. Leaf ecirrate, to 65 cm; petiole absent; leaflets sub-regular to regular, to 10 on each side of the rachis, broad, spathulate, undulate and often bullate, very conspicuously 3-nerved, the lowermost 2 leaflets on each side swept back across the stem; mid leaf leaflets to 24 × 7 cm, apical pair joined for c. 2/3 their length; young leaves tinged pink. Inflorescences to 2 m long with 6 or more partial inflorescences in the male, c. 3 in the female; rachillae 12-22 cm long, rather distant, bright crimson, bearing rather distant flowers. Mature fruit rounded, c. 9 mm diam., with a beak to 1 × 1 mm and covered in 21 vertical rows of narrowly pointed ivorycoloured scales with dark brown tips and margins. Seed c. 6 × 5 × 4 mm, with shallow depressions; endosperm homogeneous. Seedling leaf with 4 broad leaflets. (Fig. 58).
    Distribution
    Known from a few collections. Elsewhere in Sarawak and Sabah, possibly also in Sumatra.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Jawa, Malaya, Myanmar, Philippines, Sumatera, Thailand

    Calamus javensis Blume appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jun 27, 2006 Diwol, S. [SAN144475], Malaysia K000209517
    Jul 20, 2001 Othman [S.56410], Malaysia K000114271
    Feb 26, 2001 Andersen, J. [206], Malaysia K000114130
    Feb 26, 2001 Andersen, J. [227], Malaysia K000114143
    Sep 12, 2000 Mogea, J.P. [7435], Indonesia K000114262
    Sep 11, 2000 Mogea, J.P. [7409], Indonesia K000114256
    Jul 21, 2000 Ibrahim [BRUN15124], Brunei K000113160
    Jun 25, 1999 Jinuan, J. [15], Malaysia K000113604
    Dec 22, 1998 Wong, K.M. [s.n.2], Brunei K000113527
    Sep 12, 1997 Lugas [1627], Malaysia K000113481
    Aug 7, 1996 Graefen [SFDP6], Indonesia K000113576
    Aug 7, 1996 Graefen [SFDP3], Indonesia K000113577
    May 26, 1994 Sidiyasa [1062], Indonesia K000113506
    Apr 22, 1994 Wiriadinata [3403], Indonesia K000113497
    Sep 9, 1993 Amin [SAN114102], Malaysia K000113408
    May 10, 1993 Bernstein, J. [JHB355], Brunei K000113575
    Apr 6, 1993 Coode, M. [7022], Brunei K000113452
    Jan 9, 1993 Krispinus [SAN114061], Malaysia K000113405
    Nov 30, 1992 Awa [S50948], Malaysia K000113466
    Jan 31, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MCS140], Indonesia K000113518
    Jan 31, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MCS95], Indonesia K000113455
    Jan 16, 1992 Wong, K.M. [WKM504], Brunei K000113510
    Jan 1, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MCS37], Brunei K000113453
    Jun 1, 1991 Dransfield, J. [6716], Brunei K000113404
    Mar 5, 1991 Krispinus [SAN112996], Malaysia K000113519
    Jan 23, 1991 Mikil [SAN28896], Malaysia K000113420
    Sep 14, 1990 Wong, K.M. [1386], Brunei K000113403
    Mar 12, 1990 Dransfield, J. [6591], Brunei K000113503
    Oct 1, 1989 Mohtar [S53916], Malaysia K000113628
    Sep 1, 1989 Lee [S52424], Malaysia K000113410
    Apr 26, 1989 Kunstler, H. [1996], Peninsular Malaysia K000207740 syntype
    Apr 26, 1989 Kunstler, H. [6312], Peninsular Malaysia K000207737 syntype
    Apr 26, 1989 Kunstler, H. [6312], Peninsular Malaysia K000207736 syntype
    Apr 26, 1989 Kunstler, H. [6312], Peninsular Malaysia K000207735 syntype
    Apr 26, 1989 Kunstler, H. [6312], Peninsular Malaysia K000207738 syntype
    Feb 1, 1989 Yii, P.C. [S51211], Malaysia K000113582
    Feb 1, 1989 Lee [S54137], Malaysia K000113409
    Feb 1, 1989 Awa [S50593], Malaysia K000113578
    Aug 18, 1988 Saw Leng Guan [s.n.], Malaysia K000113584
    Feb 11, 1987 Amin [SAN69127], Malaysia K000113473
    Jan 23, 1987 Chew [RSNB7025], Malaysia K000113411
    Jan 23, 1987 Dransfield, J. [JD5621], Malaysia K000113513
    Jul 24, 1986 Anggana [044], Indonesia K000113495
    Jul 9, 1986 Saigol [16], Malaysia K000113464
    Aug 30, 1985 Dewol [SAN100151], Malaysia K000113465
    Dec 17, 1984 Mogea, J.P. [3988], Indonesia K000113424
    Feb 23, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD5992], Malaysia K000113521
    Jan 29, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5130], Malaysia K000113474
    Jan 29, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5131], Malaysia K000113470
    Jan 29, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5631], Malaysia K000113454
    Jan 29, 1981 Meijer [SAN20720], Malaysia K000113574
    Jan 23, 1981 Chew [RSNB4835], Malaysia K000113463
    Jan 23, 1981 Chew [RSNB4920], Malaysia K000113421
    Jan 23, 1981 Chew [RSNB4345], Malaysia K000113416
    Jan 23, 1981 Chew [RSNB4723], Malaysia K000113461
    Jan 23, 1981 Chew [RSNB4995], Malaysia K000113462
    Jan 23, 1981 Chew [RSNB4938], Malaysia K000113459
    Jan 23, 1981 Clemens [10025], Malaysia K000113398
    Jan 23, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5719], Malaysia K000113413
    Jan 23, 1981 Meijer [48116], Malaysia K000113460
    Jan 20, 1981 Elmer, A.D.E. [21331], Malaysia K000113393
    Mar 11, 1980 Mogea, J.P. [B1620], Indonesia K000113419
    Mar 11, 1980 Mogea, J.P. [B1692], Indonesia K000113425
    Mar 11, 1980 Mogea, J.P. [B1590], Indonesia K000113511
    Mar 6, 1980 Ridley [s.n.4], Malaysia K000113499
    Nov 30, 1979 Clemens [31433], Malaysia K000113395
    Jul 8, 1976 Chai [S36748], Malaysia K000113505
    Aug 1, 1975 Dransfield, J. [JD4728], Malaysia K000113423
    Aug 1, 1975 Dransfield, J. [JD4706], Malaysia K000113471
    Aug 1, 1975 Dransfield, J. [JD4650], Malaysia K000113472
    Jul 17, 1975 Cuadra [A1466], Malaysia K000113603
    May 13, 1975 Gibot [54826], Malaysia K000113412
    May 1, 1975 Ashton, P. [487], Brunei K000113502
    Apr 30, 1975 Endert [4198], Malaysia K000113417
    Apr 29, 1975 Singh [SAN28335], Malaysia K000113492
    Mar 13, 1975 Ashton, P. [289], Brunei K000113504
    Mar 13, 1975 Meijer [SAN21350], Malaysia K000113493
    Mar 13, 1975 Balajadia [3755], Malaysia K000113522
    Jan 16, 1975 Meijer [SAN21064], Malaysia K000113394
    Jul 11, 1973 Clemens [21369], Malaysia K000113588
    Jul 11, 1973 Paie [S19265], Malaysia K000113475
    Jul 11, 1973 Endert [2290], Malaysia K000113426
    Jul 11, 1973 Hewitt [s.n.10], Malaysia K000113524
    Jul 11, 1972 Ridley [11017], Malaysia K000113477
    Jan 5, 1970 Dransfield, J. [JD5301], Malaysia K000113587
    Feb 4, 1963 Chew [168], Malaysia K000113396
    Corner, E.J.H. [SFN 30535], Peninsular Malaysia K000207734 isotype
    Dransfield, J. [4579], Malaysia 43728.000
    Johns, R.J. [6509], Brunei K000113401
    Johns, R.J. [6673], Brunei K000113400
    Andrews [787], Malaysia K000113581
    Dransfield, J. [JD5701], Malaysia K000113414
    Dransfield, J. [JD5699], Malaysia K000113406
    Dransfield, J. [JD6056], Malaysia K000113479
    Dransfield, J. [JD4375], Indonesia K000113480
    Dransfield, J. [JD6108], Malaysia K000113498
    Dransfield, J. [JD5612], Malaysia K000113418
    Dransfield, J. [JD5673], Malaysia K000113512
    Dransfield, J. [JD5728], Malaysia K000113514
    Dransfield, J. [JD4668], Malaysia K000113515
    Dransfield, J. [JD5820], Malaysia K000113468
    Dransfield, J. [JD5601], Malaysia K000113469
    Dransfield, J. [5516], Malaysia K000113476
    Dransfield, J. [JD6066], Malaysia K000113478
    Dransfield, J. [JD5672], Malaysia K000113494
    Dransfield, J. [JD5356], Malaysia K000113583
    Dransfield, J. [7123], Brunei K000113589
    Dransfield, J. [7388], Brunei K000113509
    Dransfield, J. [7122], Brunei K000113590
    Wong, K.M. [WKM1907], Brunei K000113415
    Wong, K.M. [WKM792], Brunei K000113602
    Wong, K.M. [745], Brunei K000113402
    Wong, K.M. [s.n.6], Brunei K000114123
    de Vogel, E. [1769], Indonesia K000113520
    Lobb [2], Malaysia K000113399
    Ridley [s.n.3], Malaysia K000113525
    Ridley [s.n.2], Malaysia K000113526
    Ridley [s.n.10], Malaysia K000113573
    Lee [SAN69853], Malaysia K000113407
    Pearce [640], Malaysia K000113585
    Hoare, A. [254], Malaysia K000114230
    Amin [SAN116575], Malaysia K000113517
    Christensen [184], Malaysia K000113579
    Christensen [183], Malaysia K000113580
    Christensen [1182], Malaysia K000113457
    Christensen [1423], Malaysia K000113458
    Kunstler, H. [7932], Peninsular Malaysia K000207739 syntype
    Fidilis [SAN125210], Malaysia K000113422
    Motley [822], Indonesia K000113397
    Dewol [SAN97316], Malaysia K000113496
    Chai [S39875], Malaysia K000113523
    Krispinus [SAN95821], Malaysia K000113586
    Krispinus [SAN116659], Malaysia K000113601
    Van Valkenburg [1064], Indonesia K000113516
    Andersen, J. [187], Malaysia K000114132
    Andersen, J. [169], Malaysia K000114100
    Soibeh [785], Malaysia K000113600
    Soibeh [137], Malaysia K000113456
    Awmack, C. [168], Indonesia K000113467
    Sambuling [43], Malaysia K000113594
    Sambuling [17], Malaysia K000113595
    Sambuling [184], Malaysia K000113596
    Sambuling [140], Malaysia K000113597
    Sambuling [176], Malaysia K000113598
    Sambuling [220], Malaysia K000113599
    Sambuling [257], Malaysia K000113593
    Sambuling [182], Malaysia K000113592
    Sambuling [174], Malaysia K000113591
    Sambuling [110], Malaysia K000113500
    Bunker, W. [OX69], Malaysia K000113508
    Bunker, W. [OX4], Malaysia K000113507
    Dec 6, 1984 Mogea, J.P. [3615], Indonesia Calamus corrugatus K000113195
    Oct 29, 1969 Ashton, P. [S19775], Malaysia Calamus corrugatus K000113196
    Dransfield, J. [JD4930], Malaysia Calamus corrugatus K000113197
    Dransfield, J. [JD5868], Malaysia Calamus corrugatus K000113198
    Dransfield, J. [JD6080], Malaysia Calamus corrugatus K000113199
    Lobb [4], Malaysia Calamus corrugatus K000113201
    Christensen [1428], Malaysia Calamus corrugatus K000113194
    Jul 1, 2005 Saw Leng Guan [SAN146090], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000462801
    Oct 1, 1997 Andau [505], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112866
    Feb 20, 1997 Maikin [SAN125852], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112869
    Sep 9, 1993 Meijer [SAN121395], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112879
    Jan 23, 1981 Clemens [27320], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112837
    Jan 23, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5596], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112878
    Jan 23, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5760], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112846
    Jan 23, 1981 Meijer [SAN26413], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112841
    Jan 23, 1981 Puasa [1735], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112870
    Jan 23, 1981 Puasa [3872], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112842
    Jan 23, 1981 Mikil [SAN31861], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112873
    Jan 23, 1981 Cuadra [A2175], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112875
    Jan 23, 1981 Clemente [5982], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112880
    Jan 23, 1981 Abas [SAN86007], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112872
    Jan 23, 1981 Abas [SAN85904], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112843
    Jan 23, 1981 Abas [SAN85981], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112844
    Jan 23, 1981 Abas [SAN85919], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112847
    Jan 23, 1981 Abas [SAN85869], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112839
    Sep 4, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD5584], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112877
    Aug 29, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD5561], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112876
    May 2, 1975 Moore, H.E. [9208], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112835
    May 2, 1975 Keith [9031], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112838
    May 1, 1975 Meijer [SAN23490], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112871
    Mar 13, 1975 Castro [1633], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112845
    Baker, W.J. [551], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112867
    Amin [SAN121138], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112854
    Krispinus, F. [136917], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000114458
    Sundaling [SAN97700], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112836
    Dewol [SAN107646], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112874
    Krispinus [SAN121886], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112860
    Krispinus [SAN127662], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112861
    Krispinus [136150], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112868
    Andersen, J. [190], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000114114
    Soibeh [611], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112850
    Duaneh [119], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112840
    Sambuling [179], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112852
    Sambuling [119], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112853
    Sambuling [59], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112848
    Sambuling [27], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112849
    Sambuling [56], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112851
    Sambuling [88], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112863
    Sambuling [81], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112865
    Sambuling [72], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112864
    Sambuling [183], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112855
    Sambuling [241], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112856
    Sambuling [137], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112857
    Sambuling [168], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112858
    Sambuling [171], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112859
    Simbayan [24], Malaysia Calamus acuminatus K000112862
    Aug 1, 1975 Dransfield, J. [JD4637], Malaysia Calamus hypertrichosus K000113427
    Mar 5, 1991 Sundaling [SAN105576], Malaysia Calamus congestiflorus K000113077
    Jan 22, 1987 Dransfield, J. [JD5811], Malaysia Calamus congestiflorus K000113078
    Dransfield, J. [JD 5635], Sabah Calamus congestiflorus K000113076 holotype
    Apr 14, 2005 Watanabe, N.M. [NMW41], Indonesia Calamus elopurensis K000209395
    Jan 22, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5774], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113232
    Jan 22, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5768], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113269
    Jan 22, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5805], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113268
    Jan 22, 1981 Castro [3200], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113266
    Dransfield, J. [JD6265], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113231
    Andersen, J. [224], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000114147
    Sambuling [216], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113233
    Sambuling [149], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113234
    Sambuling [156], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113235
    Sambuling [161], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113227
    Sambuling [131], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113228
    Sambuling [200], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113229
    Sambuling [130], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113230
    Sambuling [155], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113225
    Sambuling [142], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113226
    Sambuling [120], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113224
    Sambuling [317], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113250
    Sambuling [314], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113251
    Sambuling [166], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113252
    Sambuling [145], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113253
    Sambuling [132], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113254
    Sambuling [113], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113255
    Sambuling [96], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113256
    Sambuling [103], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113257
    Sambuling [115], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113258
    Sambuling [111], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113259
    Sambuling [100], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113260
    Sambuling [116], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113261
    Sambuling [118], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113262
    Sambuling [108], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113263
    Sambuling [87], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113264
    Sambuling [89], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113265
    Lugas [1626], Malaysia Calamus elopurensis K000113270
    Kadir, B.A. [A2651], Sabah Calamus elopurensis K000113249 holotype
    Sep 12, 1997 Lugas [1600], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112925
    Jun 1, 1994 Sundaling [SAN134966], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112899
    Oct 15, 1993 Tadong [320], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112903
    Oct 5, 1990 Sundaling [SAN124689], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112881
    Aug 17, 1987 Krispinus [SAN95421], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112906
    Jan 23, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5737], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112887
    Jan 23, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5819], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112888
    Jan 23, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5769], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112885
    Jan 23, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5783], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112882
    Jan 23, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5577], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112886
    Jan 23, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5807], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112905
    Jan 23, 1981 Chai [SAN31671], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112884
    Jan 23, 1981 Meijer [SAN20268], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112927
    Jan 23, 1981 Hewitt [s.n.9], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112889
    Jan 23, 1981 Puasa [6712], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112883
    Dransfield, J. [JD 5775], Sabah Calamus amplijugus K000112913 holotype
    Dransfield, J. [JD6544], Brunei Calamus amplijugus K000112911
    Dransfield, J. [JD6548], Brunei Calamus amplijugus K000112912
    Sundaling [SAN134908], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112900
    Stockdale, M.C. [38], Brunei Calamus amplijugus K000112908
    Stockdale, M.C. [49], Brunei Calamus amplijugus K000112909
    Stockdale, M.C. [47], Brunei Calamus amplijugus K000112910
    Sambuling [58], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112901
    Sambuling [13], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112898
    Sambuling [68], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112894
    Sambuling [80], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112895
    Sambuling [85], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112896
    Sambuling [94], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112897
    Sambuling [98], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112891
    Sambuling [201], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112902
    Sambuling [258], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112924
    Sambuling [229], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112920
    Sambuling [239], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112921
    Sambuling [249], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112922
    Sambuling [253], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112923
    Sambuling [180], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112914
    Sambuling [163], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112915
    Sambuling [146], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112916
    Sambuling [172], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112917
    Sambuling [178], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112919
    Sambuling [173], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112918
    Tadong [716], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112892
    Tadong [522], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112893
    Tadong [11], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112904
    Tadong [197], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112907
    Bakia [178], Malaysia Calamus amplijugus K000112890

    First published in Rumphia 3: 62 (1847)

    Accepted by

    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Baja-Lapis, A.C. (2010). A Field Guide to Philippine Rattans: 1-214. Asia Life Sciences, Laguna, Philippines.
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0