1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus kiahii Furtado

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Montane forest in Ulu Temburong. Elsewhere in Sarawak (G. Mulu) and Sabah. Endemic to Borneo.
    General Description
    Clustering slender to moderate montane rattan climbing to 10 m, rarely more, frequently fertile when still short; stem without sheaths to 10 mm diam., with sheaths to 18 mm, internodes to 12 cm. Sheaths mid-green with sparse to dense scattered broad triangular flattened spines varying from 4-15 mm, fringed with hairs. Leaf cirrate to 2.0 m including the petiole 5-12 cm long and cirrus to 80 cm; leaflets up to c. 12 on each side of the rachis, irregularly arranged in distant groups of 2-4, lanceolate, suddenly mucronate, dark green, distinctly plicate, the largest to 30 × 3.5 cm, with very short marginal teeth. Inflorescence without terminal flagellum, curving, to c. 70 cm, usually less, with up to 8 evenly spaced partial inflorescences, the male more highly branched than the female; bracts tubular, with scabrid surfaces and all with conspicuous ciliate-hairy margins; female rachillae somewhat zigzag to 10 cm; male rachillae to 2 cm. Mature fruit ± globose, c. 20 mm diam., with short apical beak to 2 mm, and covered with 18 vertical rows of pale grey to brown scales with darker margins. Seed ± globular to laterally somewhat compressed, c. 14 × 10 mm; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf not known. (Fig. 37).
    [PW]
    Use
    Not known; the cane appears to be of good quality but is rarely very long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus kiahii Furtado appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 1991 Wong, K.M. [1812], Brunei K000113641
    Mar 4, 1981 Chew [1735], Malaysia K000113643
    Mar 4, 1981 Chew [s.n.], Malaysia K000113634
    Mar 4, 1981 Dransfield, J. [5611], Malaysia K000113644
    Sep 29, 1978 Dransfield, J. [JD5352], Malaysia K000113636
    Sep 29, 1978 Lee [S38889], Malaysia K000113635
    Apr 29, 1975 Chew [4280], Malaysia K000113639
    Mar 12, 1975 Chew [RSNB4440], Malaysia K000113637
    Clemens, J. [29195], Sabah K000113621 isotype
    Clemens, J. [29195], Sabah K000207805 isotype
    Dransfield, J. [JD5542], Malaysia K000113642
    Dransfield, J. [JD5691], Malaysia K000113638
    Christensen [188], Malaysia K000113640
    Busin [2], Malaysia K000113633

    First published in Gard. Bull. Straits Settlem. 8: 251 (1935)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0