1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus longipes Griff.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Malesia to W. Philippines.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Clustering rattan with short to long, moderate to robust stems, sometimes forming low thickets, rather rarely high-climbing, very variable in all its parts; stems without sheaths to 30 mm diam., with sheaths to 50 mm diam., internodes usually short, c. 5 cm long, rarely up to 12 cm. Sheath bright green, armed with large brownish-black, flattened, reflexed spines arranged in horizontal to slightly oblique groups, those around the sheath mouth sometimes crowded and erect, usually c. 4 cm long, more rarely up to 8 cm, occasionally with black spicules between the spines, and usually with dense brown indumentum; knee absent; ocrea short, rather densely covered with black spicules. Leaf sometimes ± ecirrate, usually with a short cirrus, occasionally very robust to 4.5 m including the petiole to 50 cm and cirrus to 1.25 m, but usually much less, c. 2 m long; leaflets 30-60 on each side of the rachis, usually irregularly arranged, rarely subregular, frequently aggregated in neat groups of up to 5, rarely divergent within the groups, the longest to 50 × 3 cm, usually bristly along the margins and along the mid vein on lower surface. Inflorescences borne on laterally flattened peduncle, the female tending to continue to elongate after fertilisation, the peduncle to 1 m, usually less, unarmed, or armed with few lateral spines; bracts very narrow, papery, unarmed, quickly falling; male flowers close, strictly distichous, female flowers more distant. Fruit usually ovoid, more rarely ± oblong or spherical, to 25 × 8 mm, usually less, covered in 15 vertical rows of straw-coloured or dull brown scales. Seed to 16 × 10 mm, oblong; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf with 4 leaflets held in a fan. (Fig. 26, Pl. 7C).
    Distribution
    Very widespread throughout Brunei. Elsewhere throughout Borneo, Sumatra and the southern part of Peninsular Malaysia; also in Palawan.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Malaya, Philippines, Sumatera

    Calamus longipes Griff. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 14, 2011 de Kok, R.P.J. [S. 97839], Sarawak Daemonorops longipes K000667931
    Apr 14, 2005 Watanabe, N.M. [NMW46], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000209399
    Mar 21, 2003 Said [BRUN17611], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520502
    Jun 7, 2001 Mogea, J.P. [7406], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000114265
    Jul 21, 2000 Salleh [BRUN15305], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000113143
    Jul 21, 2000 Joffre [BRUN15400], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000113159
    Sep 12, 1997 Lugas [1645], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520524
    Aug 1, 1996 Ambri [AA518], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520571
    Apr 20, 1996 Mohtar [49717], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520497
    Jun 6, 1994 Soibeh [616], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520565
    Dec 15, 1993 Soibeh [345], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520564
    Dec 15, 1993 Soibeh [256], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520568
    Dec 15, 1993 Tadong [189], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520570
    May 10, 1993 Bernstein, J. [363], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520558
    Dec 9, 1992 Stockdale, M.J. [MCS394], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520535
    Nov 30, 1992 Awa [S51045], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520503
    Oct 15, 1992 Hock [S53846], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520518
    Jan 31, 1992 Stockdale, M.J. [MCS84], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520528
    Jul 25, 1991 Awa [S46740], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520391
    Mar 5, 1991 Dewol [SAN108833], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520392
    Sep 20, 1990 Dransfield, J. [6549], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520491
    Sep 20, 1990 Dransfield, J. [6581], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520554
    Aug 1, 1989 Awa [S50469], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520548
    Jul 22, 1988 Dransfield, J. [JD4361], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520495
    Jul 22, 1988 Keith [6713], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520394
    Aug 21, 1987 Gibot [SAN99274], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520487
    Sep 2, 1983 Aban [SAN94490], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520559
    Apr 24, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5964], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520555
    Apr 7, 1981 Ching [S40174], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520498
    Jan 22, 1981 Chai, M. [SAN29395], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520507
    Nov 20, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD4411], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520492
    Sep 25, 1980 Mogea, J.P. [1616], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520519
    Aug 13, 1980 Clemens, J. [31280], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000207666 isotype
    Aug 13, 1980 Elmer, A.D.E. [20840], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000113970
    Jul 27, 1980 Cuadra [A2156], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520509
    Jul 22, 1980 Moore, H.E. [9225], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520511
    Jul 22, 1980 Jacobs [8484], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520496
    Jul 22, 1980 Carlson [SAN26786], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520483
    Jul 22, 1980 Keith [6255], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520501
    Jul 22, 1980 Balajadia [2972], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520395
    Jul 16, 1980 Chew [RSNB256], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520567
    Jul 15, 1980 Clemens, J. [27156], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520481
    Jul 15, 1980 Clemens, J. [30887], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520485
    Jul 15, 1980 Clemens, J. [29193], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520490
    Jul 15, 1980 Clemens, J. [29194], Borneo Daemonorops longipes K000208092 isotype
    Jul 15, 1980 Chew [RSNB4325], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520534
    Jul 15, 1980 Chew [RSNB2517], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520563
    Jul 15, 1980 Chew [RSNB4435], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520504
    Jul 15, 1980 Chew [RSNB1669], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520510
    Jul 15, 1980 Clemens [27269], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520515
    Jul 15, 1980 Clemens [31280a], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520520
    Jul 15, 1980 Clemens [31581], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520424
    Jul 15, 1980 Clemens [26807], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520514
    Jul 15, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5519], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520516
    Jul 15, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5697], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520532
    Jul 15, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5552], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520562
    Jul 15, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5784], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520399
    Jul 15, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5778], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520396
    Jul 15, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5600], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520493
    Jul 15, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5559], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520486
    Jul 15, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5834], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520508
    Jul 15, 1980 Dransfield, J. [JD5551], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520526
    Jul 15, 1980 Ramos [1461], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520384
    Jul 15, 1980 Gibbs, L.S. [12913], Sabah Daemonorops longipes K000207667 isotype
    Jul 15, 1980 Dewol [SAN88383], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520512
    Jul 15, 1980 Abas [SAN85871], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520531
    Jul 15, 1980 Buntar [SAN27359], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520499
    Nov 27, 1979 Kodoh [SAN87506], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520505
    Sep 28, 1978 Dransfield, J. [JD5318], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520484
    Sep 28, 1978 Chai [S39703], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520533
    Sep 28, 1978 Chai [S39702], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520482
    Sep 28, 1978 Chai [S39621], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520513
    Oct 31, 1977 Lee [S38891], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520517
    Oct 29, 1977 Paie [S39156], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520398
    Oct 6, 1977 Dransfield, J. [JD5289], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520488
    Mar 10, 1976 Keith [1619], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520521
    Mar 10, 1976 Puasa [7409], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520489
    Jul 17, 1975 Cuadra [A247], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520530
    May 19, 1975 Cuadra [A2369], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520553
    May 14, 1975 Ashton, P. [S19592], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520385
    May 14, 1975 Ashton, P. [S19592], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520386
    May 14, 1975 Ashton, P. [S19592], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520387
    Feb 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [4412], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520390
    Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [219], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520381
    Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [219], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520382
    Jan 1, 1974 Toroes, R.S. [219], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520383
    Aug 1, 1954 Meijer [1884], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520500
    Coode, M. [7073], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520536
    Chew [CWL954], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520397
    Dransfield, J. [JD2293], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520506
    Dransfield, J. [6582], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520560
    Dransfield, J. [6713], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520393
    Wong, K.M. [62], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520561
    Poulsen, A.D. [42], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520542
    Baker, W.J. [529], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000114473
    Baker, W.J. [533], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000114474
    Lee [S52427], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520388
    Hoare, A. [286], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000114226
    Awa [S51196], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520389
    Christensen [454], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520522
    Said [BRUN15279], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000113128
    Diwol, S. [135129], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520543
    Andersen, J. [214], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000114135
    Andersen, J. [148], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000114104
    Andersen, J. [180], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000114139
    Duaneh [113], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520537
    Sibil [103], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520539
    Sambuling [25], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520545
    Tadong [4], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520529
    Tadong [158], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520569
    Bakia [1], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520556
    Stockdale, M.J. [MCS292], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520557
    Stockdale, M.J. [MCS368], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520541
    Stockdale, M.J. [MCS262], Indonesia Daemonorops longipes K000520540
    Andau [30], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520566
    Lugas [144], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520538
    Lugas [80], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520544
    Lugas [1625], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520525
    Tungking [6], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520527
    Tungking [8], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520494
    Tungking [7], Malaysia Daemonorops longipes K000520523
    Stockdale, M. [21], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520549
    Stockdale, M. [44], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520552
    Stockdale, M. [16], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520550
    Stockdale, M. [42], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520547
    Stockdale, M. [61], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520551
    Stockdale, M. [57], Brunei Daemonorops longipes K000520546

    First published in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5: 68 (1845)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Daemonorops longipes.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Daemonorops longipes.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baja-Lapis, A.C. (2010). A Field Guide to Philippine Rattans: 1-214. Asia Life Sciences, Laguna, Philippines.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0