1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus longispatha Ridl.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Malaysia.

    [PW]
    Vernacular
    rotan kunyung
    General Description
    Clustering thicket forming rattan, rarely climbing more than 7 m high. Stem without sheaths 1.5-2 cm in diameter, with to 3.5 cm. Internodes to about 15 cm in length. Leaf sheath grey-green drying straw coloured armed with sparse short triangular, black tipped yellow-based spines and scattered brown indumentum; knee very smooth and rounded, usually scarcely armed. Ocrea conspicuous, brown, tattered, 1 cm high. Leaf diverging at a very acute angle, dark green, subcirrate, to 3 m long. Petiole to 80 cm long spiny along margins only. Leaflets about 25 on each side of the rachis, regular rather distant, the largest about 45 cm long by 3 cm wide, long bristly on the main vein below; rarely a very short cirrus, 20 cm long, produced. Inflorescences male and female superficially similar to 1.25 m long with up to 4 widely spaced partial inflorescences; bracts long, conspicuous, somewhat inflated. Only slightly armed; rachillae with distant, tightly sheathing ± horizontal bracteoles. Fruit rather large to 3 cm long by 2 cm in diameter, narrowly to broadly top-shaped, gradually narrowed to the remains of the stigma, covered with 12-13 vertical rows of pale greenish-yellow to yellowish brown scales with black margins. Seed narrowly oval pointed at both ends, deeply pitted to ruminate, to 2 cm long by 1.6 cm. Seedling leaf unknown.
    Distribution
    Perak, Pahang, Selangor, Trengganu, Negri Sembilan, Malacca, Johore.
    [PW]
    Use
    Cane not used; young leaves used by Temuan Orang Asli for making cigarette papers.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus longispatha Ridl. appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Mat. Fl. Malay. Penins. 2: 209 (1907)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, A Manual of the rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Recirds 29.. 1979

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0