1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus melanochaetes (Blume) Miq.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Thailand to W. Malesia.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Perak, Pahang, Negri Sembilan, Malacca, Johore. Sumatra, Java.
    General Description
    Clustering moderately robust high climbing rattan producing dense thickets, ultimately climbing to 30 m. Stem without sheaths to about 2 cm in diameter, with sheaths to about 3.5 cm; internodes about 30 cm long. Sheaths dull brownish green, very densely armed with slender black horizontal or slightly erect spines to 3.5 cm long and abundant chocolate-coloured indumentum. Knee conspicuous. Ocrea poorly developed. Whole leaf to about 3 m long including petiole to 30 cm long and cirrus to about 1.25 m. Petiole densely armed with black spines along underside and edges, and rather sparsely armed on the upper surface. Leaflets up to about 80 on each side of the rachis, regular, narrow and crowded to about 45 cm long by 1.5 cm wide, armed with bristles on three nerves above, along margins and on mid-nerve on under surface. Inflorescence to 35 cm long by 12 cm wide sessile, erect, with beak to about 10 cm all inner bracts included within the outermost; outermost bract densely armed with narrow black spines to 4 cm long, usually less. Ripe fruit rounded, about 1-7 cm diameter covered in 18-21 vertical rows of dull cinnamon-brown reflexed scales. Seed rounded, somewhat angular; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf with about 8 crowded pinnae.
    Vernacular
    rotan getah

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Jawa, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Sumatera, Thailand

    Calamus melanochaetes (Blume) Miq. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 8, 2014 Moseley, H.N. [s.n.], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000525792 holotype
    Dec 8, 2014 Moseley, H.N. [s.n.], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000525790 holotype
    Dec 8, 2014 Moseley, H.N. [s.n.], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000525793 holotype
    Apr 14, 2005 Watanabe, N.M. [NMW50], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000209419
    Jun 23, 1975 Elmer, A.D.E. [21102], Malaysia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000520703
    Hepper, F.N. [8677], Cameroon Daemonorops melanochaetes 62008.000
    Noblick, L. [5199], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000520711
    illegible [s.n.], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000520704
    Forbes, H.O. [2326], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000520707
    Forbes, H.O. [2326], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000520708
    Forbes, H.O. [2326], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000520709
    Lugduno-Batavo [s.n.], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000520705
    Lugduno-Batavo [s.n.], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000520706
    Laumonier, Y. [TFB467], Indonesia Daemonorops melanochaetes K000520710

    First published in Verh. Kon. Akad. Wetensch., Afd. Natuurk. 11(5): 28 (1868)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Daemonorops melanochaetes.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Daemonorops melanochaetes.]

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Girmansyah, D. & al. (eds.) (2013). Flora of Bali an annotated checklist: 1-158. Herbarium Bogorensis, Indonesia.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0