1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus micracanthus Griff.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Malaysia, Borneo.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Widespread but rather local. Elsewhere in Sabah and Peninsular Malaysia.
    Vernacular
    wijerenang (Ib.)
    General Description
    Moderate clustering rattan climbing to 20 m or more; stem without sheaths to 12mm diam., when juvenile very much less, with sheaths to 25 mm diam., internodes to 20 cm long, much less in exposed aerial portions. Sheaths of slender juvenile stems dull green, armed with scattered horizontal ridges bearing minute easily detached black spicules', sheaths of mature stems bright yellowish green covered in rather dense grey brown indumentum and armed with low ridges bearing minute black spicules, interspersed with golden-coloured spines to 15 mm, both spicules and spines easily detached', knee conspicuous, armed as the sheath; ocrea inconspicuous. Leaf cirrate, to 2 m including the petiole to 45 cm and cirrus to 80 cm; leaflets 25 - 40 on each side of the rachis, regularly arranged, rather narrow, dark shiny green, to 30 x 1.2 cm, sparsely bristly on main vein on upper surface and conspicuously bristly on 3 veins beneath. Inflorescences pendulous, to c. 50 cm, usually about 4 nodes producing inflorescences simultaneously, followed by several nodes without; bracts bright brown, armed with ridges and spicules, all but the first bract quickly falling; partial inflorescences 3-6; rachillae densely covered in red-brown indumentum. Ripe fruit ovoid c. 20 - 25 x 18 - 20 mm, covered in 18 - 22 vertical rows of rather deeply channelled scales encrusted with dragon's blood. Seedling leaf not known.
    [PW]
    Use
    Cane of moderate quality but too local to be of much importance; dragon's blood used formerly in dyes and medicine.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Malaya

    Calamus micracanthus Griff. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 15, 2000 Mogea, J.P. [7414], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000114263
    Feb 20, 1997 Church [2055], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000520713
    Jan 31, 1992 Stockdale, M.J. [MCS108], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000520727
    Jan 31, 1992 Stockdale, M.J. [MCS135], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000520725
    Dec 6, 1984 Mogea, J.P. [4114], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000520723
    Dec 6, 1984 Mogea, J.P. [3678], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000520722
    Dec 6, 1984 Mogea, J.P. [4117a], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000520716
    May 10, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD6046], Malaysia Daemonorops micracantha K000520712
    Sep 13, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD5653], Malaysia Daemonorops micracantha K000520714
    Sep 11, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD5623], Malaysia Daemonorops micracantha K000520717
    Sep 11, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD5625], Malaysia Daemonorops micracantha K000520726
    Aug 3, 1977 Dransfield, J. [JD5146], Malaysia Daemonorops micracantha K000526483
    Aug 1, 1975 Dransfield, J. [JD4618], Malaysia Daemonorops micracantha K000520715
    Jul 20, 1975 Dransfield, J. [J.D.4536], Malaysia Daemonorops micracantha K000526482
    Dec 6, 1967 Toroes, R.S. [205], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000520718
    Dec 6, 1967 Toroes, R.S. [205], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000520719
    Dec 6, 1967 Toroes, R.S. [205], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000520720
    Dec 6, 1967 Toroes, R.S. [205], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000520721
    Mogea, J.P. [7422], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000114254
    Mogea, J.P. [7418], Indonesia Daemonorops micracantha K000114264
    Dransfield, J. [JD5896], Malaysia Daemonorops micracantha K000462184
    Dransfield, J. [JD6129], Malaysia Daemonorops micracantha K000520728
    Beccari, O. [3644], Sarawak Daemonorops micracantha K000207674 isotype
    Beccari, O. [3644], Sarawak Daemonorops micracantha K000207675 isotype
    Beccari, O. [3644], Sarawak Daemonorops micracantha K000207676 isotype
    Bunker, W. [OX54], Malaysia Daemonorops micracantha K000520724

    First published in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5: 62 (1845)

    Not accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Daemonorops micracantha.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Daemonorops micracantha.]

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0