1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus monticola Griff.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Thailand to Peninsula Malaysia.

    [PW]
    Vernacular
    rotan getah lumpit
    Distribution
    Penang, Johore. Endemic.
    General Description
    Clustering rattan climbing to 5 m tall Stem without sheaths 2cm, with sheaths to 3.5 cm, with internedes to 20 cm. Sheaths pale green armed with pale brown indumentum and oblique whorls of black spines. Knee poorly developed. Ocrea inconspicuous. Whole leaf to 3 m; petiole to 60 cm; cirrus to 75 cm. Leaflets about 60 on each side of the rachis, very fine and regular, the longest to 40 cm long by 1.5 cm wide, armed with bristles on 3 nerves above, and on mid-vein only beneath and along margins. Inflorescences tending to be somewhat crowded on stems, probably not hapaxanthic, but stems relatively short-lived; inflorescences male and female similar, to 40 m long by 15 cm wide, longly beaked, the outermost bract enclosing all the inner; the outermost bract very densely armed with fine grey black spines to 3 cm long and dense chocolate-coloured indumentum. Ripe fruit rounded to 1.5 cm in diameter covered in 15 vertical rows of cinnamon brown scales. Seed about 1.3 cm in diameter; endosperm deeply ruminate.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malaya, Thailand

    Calamus monticola Griff. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    May 5, 1998 Sangaji [7], Indonesia Daemonorops monticola K000520876
    May 5, 1998 Sangaji [36], Indonesia Daemonorops monticola K000520877
    Griffith [s.n.], Peninsular Malaysia Daemonorops monticola K000207644 isotype

    First published in Calcutta J. Nat. Hist. 5: 90 (1845)

    Not accepted by

    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok. [Cited as Daemonorops monticola.]
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. [Cited as Daemonorops monticola.]
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne. [Cited as Daemonorops monticola.]

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0