1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus muricatus Becc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo.

    [PW]
    Distribution
    Widespread throughout Brunei. Elsewhere in Sabah, Sarawak and Kalimantan. Endemic to Borneo.
    General Description
    Solitary slender to moderate rattan climbing to 10 m tall; stem without sheaths to 15 mm diam., with sheaths to 25 mm, internodes c. 10 cm long. Sheaths bright green, very densely armed with close wavy circular ridges bearing minute tooth-like prickles and an abundance of broad triangular spines varying from 1-10 mm long, the sheath drying dull brown with a reddish cast; knee conspicuous, armed as the sheath; ocrea inconspicuous, rarely exceeding 5 mm. Flagellum to 3 m. Leaf ecirrate, curving, to 1.1 m including the well developed petiole to 40 cm, armed with triangular spines and ridges near the base; leaflets up to c. 30 on each side of the rachis, regularly arranged, generally curving, to 35 × 2 cm, dark green, armed with rather conspicuous bristles on the 3 main veins on both upper and lower surface and along margins, leaflets drying dull brownish with a reddish cast. Inflorescences to 3 m, with c. 4 partial inflorescences; primary bracts slightly to densely armed as the leaf sheath but with a few flat papery spines at the tip; partial inflorescences generally congested in appearance, rarely exceeding c. 20 cm, with many crowded rachillae; male rachilla to 2 cm, the female to 10 cm; rachilla bracts minutely ridged. Mature fruit rounded, c. 9 mm diam., with a short beak to 1 × 0.8 mm and covered in c. 14 vertical rows of pale brown scales. Seed rounded, c. 5 mm diam.; endosperm deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf not known. (Fig. 64, Pl. 11A).
    Vernacular
    Wi Tunggal (Ib.)

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus muricatus Becc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 14, 2005 Watanabe, N.M. [NMW36], Brunei K000209425
    Jul 21, 2000 Salleh [BRUN15311], Brunei K000113139
    Jul 21, 2000 Salleh [BRUN15347], Brunei K000113156
    Jun 25, 1999 Jinuan, J. [54], Malaysia K000521414
    Feb 20, 1997 Fidilis [SAN107003], Malaysia K000521419
    Jun 3, 1992 Nielsen [999], Brunei K000521302
    Dec 3, 1991 Van Valkenburg [1116], Indonesia K000521429
    Oct 13, 1991 Van Valkenburg [1026], Indonesia K000521409
    Oct 13, 1991 Van Valkenburg [1027], Indonesia K000521408
    Sep 1, 1989 Lee [S52506], Malaysia K000521420
    Aug 1, 1989 Yii, P.C. [S52209], Malaysia K000521289
    Apr 7, 1989 Ching [S45961], Malaysia K000521413
    Feb 1, 1989 Lee Meng Hock [S53850], Malaysia K000521285
    Dec 17, 1984 Mogea, J.P. [3771], Indonesia K000521284
    Dec 17, 1984 Mogea, J.P. [3774], Indonesia K000521286
    Dec 17, 1984 Mogea, J.P. [3773], Indonesia K000521290
    Aug 2, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD5907], Malaysia K000521282
    Aug 2, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD5899], Malaysia K000521424
    May 7, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD6017], Malaysia K000521298
    Apr 22, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5947], Malaysia K000521287
    Jan 26, 1981 Moore, H.E. [9113], Malaysia K000521299
    Jan 26, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD4390], Indonesia K000521292
    Jan 26, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5606], Malaysia K000521418
    Jan 26, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5716], Malaysia K000521425
    Jan 26, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD5291], Malaysia K000521297
    Jan 26, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD4429], Indonesia K000521416
    Jan 26, 1981 Dransfield, J. [JD4390], Indonesia K000521293
    Jan 26, 1981 Endert [3672], Indonesia K000521300
    Jan 15, 1979 Jawa [S36611], Malaysia K000521288
    Jan 15, 1979 Jawa [S36625], Malaysia K000521422
    Jun 16, 1976 Dransfield, J. [JD4616], Malaysia K000521295
    Apr 16, 1976 Dransfield, J. [JD4612], Malaysia K000521283
    Jun 23, 1975 Tomlinson [7], Malaysia K000521421
    Jun 23, 1975 Brunig [S12398], Malaysia K000521280
    Jun 23, 1975 Brunig [S12398], Malaysia K000521281
    Coode, M. [7678], Brunei K000521427
    Ashton, P. [5239], Brunei K000521411
    Dransfield, J. [JD5926], Malaysia K000521301
    Dransfield, J. [6545], Brunei K000521405
    Dransfield, J. [6711], Brunei K000521417
    Dransfield, J. [JD5906], Malaysia K000521423
    Wong, K.M. [551], Brunei K000521296
    Ambriansyah [AA615], Indonesia K000112791
    Said [BRUN15249], Brunei K000113127
    Sundaling [SAN134930], Malaysia K000521291
    Dewol [SAN124580], Malaysia K000521415
    Van Valkenburg [1077], Indonesia K000521428
    Andersen, J. [196], Malaysia K000114111
    Andersen, J. [204], Malaysia K000114109
    Sambuling [75], Malaysia K000521404
    Tadong [477], Malaysia K000521410
    Stockdale, M.J. [MCS209], Indonesia K000521294
    Stockdale, M. [10], Brunei K000521303
    Stockdale, M. [32], Brunei K000521412
    Stockdale, M. [29], Brunei K000521406
    Stockdale, M. [24], Brunei K000521407
    Stockdale, M. [70], Brunei K000521426

    First published in For. Borneo: 609 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0