1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus myriacanthus Becc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Borneo.

    [PW]
    General Description
    Solitary erect rattan, rarely “stemless”, usually up to c. 3 m tall, rarely longer. Stem without sheaths c. 2 cm diam., with sheaths to 4.5 cm diam., internodes short, rarely exceeding 5 cm. Sheaths bright green, armed particularly along the margins with crowded long black or brown spines, 8 cm long, the middle part of the back of the sheath usually quite unarmed or armed with very sparse much smaller spines, spines around sheath mouth much longer, often almost papery, to 10 cm, ± erect; knee absent; ocrea usually inconspicuous. Flagellum absen. Leaf ecirrate to 2.5 m including petiole to 1 m; petiole armed with spines to 4 cm long along the margins and mid line; leaflets rarely more than 10 on each side of the rachis, distant, ± opposite, usually broad lanceolate, ± plicate, cucullate, the longest to 45 × 9 cm, very sparsely armed, transverse veinlets conspicuous. Inflorescence to 2 m long with few distant partial inflorescences; bracts tubular, only slightly inflated, scarcely expanded, ± unarmed; partial inflorescences to 40 cm long; male rachillae 4-30 mm long; female rachillae to 80 mm long. Mature fruit rounded, relatively small, c. 5 mm diam., conspicuously beaked, covered in c. 16 vertical rows of reddish-brown scales. Seed rounded; endosperm homogeneous. Seedling leaf not known. (Fig. 49).
    Distribution
    Scattered throughout the State. Elsewhere in Sarawak and Kalimantan. Endemic to Borneo.
    Vernacular
    Uwai Jimpalak (Dus.), Wi Tulang (Ib.)
    [PW]
    Use
    Used for walking-sticks and the framework of baskets; shoot is said to be edible.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus myriacanthus Becc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Apr 14, 2005 Watanabe, N.M. [NMW10], Indonesia K000209386
    Aug 17, 2000 Runi [La59687], Malaysia K000113679
    Jan 17, 2000 Othman [S.56415], Malaysia K000114270
    May 5, 1998 Yii, P.C. [S.55272], Malaysia K000521458
    Oct 9, 1992 Yii, P.C. [S52297], Malaysia K000521452
    Apr 11, 1989 Ching [S48325], Malaysia K000521444
    Apr 7, 1989 Lee [S45547], Malaysia K000521451
    Feb 1, 1989 Awa [S47659], Malaysia K000521442
    Oct 27, 1987 Giesen, W. [111], Indonesia K000521434
    Sep 1, 1982 Ashton, P. [S19093], Malaysia K000521432
    Sep 1, 1982 Wright [S27994], Malaysia K000521455
    Sep 1, 1982 Richards [1232], Malaysia K000521443
    Sep 1, 1982 Richards [2439], Malaysia K000521433
    Sep 1, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD5914], Malaysia K000521454
    Sep 1, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD5274], Malaysia K000521437
    Sep 1, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD5279], Malaysia K000521459
    Sep 1, 1982 Dransfield, J. [JD4694], Malaysia K000521440
    Sep 1, 1982 Chai [S37248], Malaysia K000521450
    Sep 1, 1982 Unyong [S21213], Malaysia K000521453
    Sep 1, 1982 Au [S16773], Malaysia K000521430
    Sep 1, 1982 Au [S24118], Malaysia K000521456
    Sep 1, 1982 Au [S16773], Malaysia K000521431
    Sep 1, 1982 Wee-Lek [CWL423], Malaysia K000521438
    Apr 30, 1982 Ashton, P. [S17229], Malaysia K000521436
    Apr 30, 1975 Ashton, P. [S22042], Malaysia K000521462
    Apr 30, 1975 Ismawi [S21374], Malaysia K000521435
    Dransfield, J. [JD4693], Malaysia K000521439
    Wong, K.M. [491], Brunei K000521460
    Simpson [2535], Brunei K000521445
    Hewitt, J. [s.n.], Borneo K000208124 holotype
    Yii, P.C. [S52110], Malaysia K000521457
    Christensen [1268], Malaysia K000521461
    Hewitt [s.n.], Borneo K000208125 holotype
    Awmack, C. [290], Indonesia K000521448
    Awmack, C. [322], Indonesia K000521449
    Awmack, C. [332], Indonesia K000521447
    Awmack, C. [248], Indonesia K000521446
    Bernstein, J. [245], Brunei K000521441

    First published in Rec. Bot. Surv. India 2: 214 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0