1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus nagbettai R.R.Fernandez & Dey

        This species is accepted, and its native range is SW. India (Karnataka).

    [PW]
    Distribution
    INDIA (Karnataka). Endemic.
    General Description
    A robust climber; stem cluster forming, without leafsheath to 3 cm in diameter, smooth, often marked with distinct black blotches near about the base. Leaves curate, with cirrus about 5 m long; cirrus 2.5 m long, armed with 7-8 pointed claws; leafsheath often scurfy outside, armed with 2 - 3 cm long black, flattened, subulate, reflexed spines, intermingled with short bristles; petiole armed with laterally confluent, flat, subulate spines; rachis armed on dorsal side with greyish black hooks and upwardly bent marginal spines; leaflets numerous, ensiform, opposite to sub-opposite or alternate, to 30 cm long, 1.5- 1.7cm broad at middle, filiform at spices, spinulose at margins, prominently 1-nerved at middle, armed on both sides with bulbous based deep brown bristles. Inflorescence non-flagelliform; primary bract armed with reflexed to recurved spines and small claws. Fruits ovoid, oblong, 11-15 mm x 9 mm; fruit scales wedge shaped, in 17 -18 series, channelled at middle, hyaline, lacerated along brown band; seed oblong, piano convex, 9x6 mm, rugose on convex side; endosperm shallowly ruminate.
    Biology
    Infrequent in the moist forest of Kodagu District at 450 m.
    Vernacular
    Nag betta, Nag bet, Nag betha.
    [PW]
    Use
    Cane is strong and durable and used by the local people for making baskets.

    Distribution

    Calamus nagbettai R.R.Fernandez & Dey appears in other Kew resources:

    First published in Indian Forester 96: 223 (1970)

    Accepted by

    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • S.K. Basu, Rattans (canes) in India. A Monographic Revision. 1992

    Sources

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0