1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus peregrinus Furtado

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Myanmar to Peninsula Malaysia.

    [PW]
    Vernacular
    rotan ?
    General Description
    Solitary rattan with stout stem to 20 cm tall without sheaths about 2 cm in diameter, with sheaths to 3.5 cm. Internodes about 6 cm only. Sheaths mid green with broad yellow streaks when fresh, pale brown when dry armed with scattered large pale yellow-green laminate spines with black tips and rough hairy edges; to 2.5 cm long by 8 mm wide at the base; sparse brownish scales on young sheaths. Knee well developed. Ocrea short, blackish. Cut surfaces exuding yellow sap. Flagellum to 3.5 m long. Leaves ecirrate very large, 4-5m long. Petiole 1-1.75 m long armed with pale yellow green spines tipped black. Leaflets numerous, stiff regular, on parts of leaf ± opposite 50 cm long by 2-4 cm wide, with main nerves armed with bristles above and below; and along margins near the tip. Inflorescence 3 m long including long flagellum, bearing 2-3 partial inflorescences; bracts armed with scattered pale spines with black tips, tattering in age. Female flowers relatively large, densely arranged 7.5 mm long. Fruit globose or very slightly obovoid, borne on a stalked disc; fruit to 2 cm long by 1.6 cm wide covered in 16 vertical rows of reddish brown scales, shiny, and scarcely grooved, with darker marginal lines. Seed globose, pitted, deeply ruminate. Seedling leaf unknown.
    Distribution
    Kedah, Perak, Kelantan, Selangor, Negri Sembilan: Endemic.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malaya, Myanmar, Thailand

    Calamus peregrinus Furtado appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Aug 26, 1942 Furtado, C.X. [33035a], Peninsular Malaysia K000207786 Unknown type material
    Aug 26, 1942 Furtado, C.X. [33035a], Peninsular Malaysia K000207785 isoparatype
    Aug 26, 1942 Furtado, C.X. [33013], Peninsular Malaysia K000207787 isoparatype
    Aug 26, 1942 Furtado, C.X. [33063], Peninsular Malaysia K000207781 isoparatype
    Aug 26, 1942 Furtado, C.X. [33061], Peninsular Malaysia K000207793 isoparatype
    Aug 26, 1942 Furtado, C.X. [33035], Peninsular Malaysia K000207759 isotype
    Furtado, C.X. [33013], Peninsular Malaysia K000207789 Unknown type material
    Furtado, C.X. [33013], Peninsular Malaysia K000207788 Unknown type material
    Furtado, C.X. [33063], Peninsular Malaysia K000207782 Unknown type material
    Furtado, C.X. [33063], Peninsular Malaysia K000207783 Unknown type material
    Furtado, C.X. [33063], Peninsular Malaysia K000207784 Unknown type material
    Furtado, C.X. [33061], Peninsular Malaysia K000207792 Unknown type material
    Furtado, C.X. [33061], Peninsular Malaysia K000207790 Unknown type material
    Furtado, C.X. [33061], Peninsular Malaysia K000207791 Unknown type material
    Furtado, C.X. [33035], Peninsular Malaysia K000207761 isotype
    Furtado, C.X. [33035], Peninsular Malaysia K000207760 isotype
    Furtado, C.X. [33035], Peninsular Malaysia K000207762 isotype
    Furtado, C.X. [33035], Peninsular Malaysia K000207763 isotype

    First published in Gard. Bull. Singapore 15: 66 (1956)

    Accepted by

    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, A Manual of the rattans of the Malay Peninsula. Malayan Forest Recirds 29.. 1979
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0