1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus rudentum Lour.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Indo-China.

    [PW]
    Conservation
    Unknown. Reportedly a preferred species for trade in Vietnam, so harvesting pressures may be high.
    Vernacular
    wai boun, boun, (Lao Loum), wai pong (Thailand), probably also wai tabong, boun dam, boun khao (Lao Loum).
    Distribution
    Thailand (all except North-east and West), Laos (Central and probably South) and Vietnam (Cochinchina). Probably also Cambodia (Gagnepain & Conrard 1937) and possibly also in northern Peninsular Thailand (Saw, L. G. pers. comm. 2000).
    Biology
    In Laos recorded in scrub at 200 m, and probably also in lowland evergreen forest. In Thailand in evergreen forest at 100 - 400 m.
    [PW]
    Use
    The cane is of high quality and suitable for trade. The shoot is edible and the fruits are sometime sold as food. There are reportedly plantations for cane production in Vietnam (Nguyen Truong Thanh & Ngo Thi Min Duyen 1997).

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam

    Calamus rudentum Lour. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jul 20, 2006 Monyrak [199], Cambodia K000209513
    Jul 4, 1990 Newman, M. [116], Vietnam K000525684
    Jan 15, 1986 Vongkaluang, I. [340], Thailand K000525683
    Feb 20, 1980 Dransfield, J. [J.D.5425], Thailand K000525685
    Thorel [s.n.E59], Vietnam K000525687
    Thorel [s.n.E60], Vietnam K000525686
    Saw Leng Guan [FRI44289], Malaysia K000525892
    Bogh Pedersen, A. [45213], Thailand K000525688

    First published in Fl. Cochinch.: 209 (1790)

    Accepted by

    • Peters, C.M. & Henderson, A. (2014). Systematics, ecology and management of Rattans in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam: 1-222. Agricultural Printing House.
    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • T. Evans & K. Sengdala & B. Thammavong & O.V. Viengkham & J. Dransfield, A Synopsis of the Rattans (Arecaceae: Calamoideae) of Laos and Neighbouring Parts of Indochina. 2002
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0