1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus sarawakensis Becc.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is N. & W. Borneo.

    [PW]
    Vernacular
    Uwai Buloh Giok (Dus.)
    Distribution
    Recorded from Tasek Merimbun. Elsewhere in Sabah and Sarawak. Endemic.
    General Description
    Slender clustering rattan climbing to 30 m tall; stems without sheaths to 4-5 mm diam., with sheaths to 13 mm diam., internodes to 10 cm long. Sheaths dark green, smooth, sometimes with a few scattered spines to 4 mm; knee conspicuous; ocrea forming a low membranous ridge c. 1 mm high. Flagellum to 1.5 m. Leaf cirrate to 70 cm including the petiole to 11 cm; petiole very sparsely armed with short lateral spines; rachis covered in sparse rusty-coloured hairs; leaflets c. 10-22 on each side of the rachis, regularly or slightly irregularly arranged, lanceolate, the longest to 18 × 1.5 cm, densely covered in minute rigid bristles on both surfaces giving the leaflets a scabrid feel. Inflorescences to 1 m, with only a small flagellum, with c. 5 strongly curved partial inflorescences bearing strongly curved rachillae; rachillae bearing conspicuous cups of bracteoles and rather distant flowers; female rachillae to 3.5 cm. Almost mature fruit elongate, c. 13 × 6 mm, tipped with a beak to 1 × 1 mm, and covered in 15 vertical rows of pale brown scales with dark tips. Seed fusiform with disgustingly sour and foetid sarcotesta; endosperm homogeneous. Seedling leaf pinnate with c. 5 hairy leaflets on each side of the rachis.
    [PW]
    Use
    A good slender cane used for binding.

    Images

    Distribution

    Calamus sarawakensis Becc. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Feb 26, 2001 Andersen, J. [205], Malaysia K000114138
    Oct 27, 1993 Ambriansyah [AA298], Indonesia K000521322
    Feb 23, 1993 Dransfield, J. [JD5883], Malaysia K000521318
    Nov 30, 1992 Awa [S50947], Malaysia K000521312
    Feb 23, 1985 Dransfield, J. [JD5122], Malaysia K000521313
    Feb 23, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD6042], Malaysia K000521316
    Feb 23, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD5873], Malaysia K000521320
    Feb 23, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD6043], Malaysia K000521314
    Feb 23, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD5629], Malaysia K000521311
    Feb 23, 1983 Dransfield, J. [JD4640], Malaysia K000521324
    Feb 23, 1983 Hewitt [s.n.], Malaysia K000521309
    Aug 22, 1978 Dransfield, J. [JD5334], Malaysia K000521323
    Aug 22, 1978 Dransfield, J. [JD5337], Malaysia K000521315
    Aug 15, 1975 Dransfield, J. [JD4734], Malaysia K000521325
    Ridley, H.N. [12406], Borneo K000208129 holotype
    Ridley, H.N. [12406], Borneo K000208128 holotype
    Christensen [1320], Malaysia K000521317
    Stockdale, M. [205], Indonesia K000521321
    Stockdale, M. [200], Indonesia K000521319
    Bernstein, J. [337], Brunei K000521326

    First published in Rec. Bot. Surv. India 2: 208 (1902)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0