1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus scipionum Lour.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Peninsula Thailand to Sumatera and Philippines (Mindanao, Palawan).

    [PW]
    General Description
    Robust clustering rattan climbing to great heights, often to 50 m or more; stems without sheaths c. 25 mm diam., sometimes to 35 mm, with prominent nodes and slightly uneven in cross section, with sheaths to 50 mm diam., internodes very long, sometimes exceeding 100 cm. Sheaths mid to dark green, armed with large triangular flattened yellowish-based black spines to 5 cm, often partly grouped, and abundant deciduous grey indumentum; knee conspicuous; ocrea short, soon tattering. All parts drying dark brown or black. Flagellum robust, frequently exceeding 7 m, armed with black spines. Leaf ecirrate to c. 2 m including petiole to 30 cm; leaflets c. 25 on each side of the rachis, regularly arranged, the proximal to 40 × 3 cm and distal to 20 × 3 cm, dull green and rather neatly curved, bristly only at the tip. Inflorescence to 6 m or more, with c. 7 partial inflorescences often to 1.5 m long, the male more highly branched than the female, female rachillae slender, reflexed. Ripe fruit ovoid to 14 × 9 mm, with a short beak and covered with 14- 15 vertical rows of dull green scales. Seed ovoid c. 10 × 5 mm with scattered shallow pits, endosperm homogeneous. Seedling leaf with 4 leaflets arranged in a fan. (Fig. 60).
    Vernacular
    Rotan Semambu (Mal.)
    Distribution
    Local in the lowlands of Brunei. Elsewhere throughout Borneo, Sumatra, Peninsular Malaysia, S Thailand and Palawan.
    [PW]
    Use
    An excellent cane, the source of true Malacca canes.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Borneo, Malaya, Philippines, Sumatera, Thailand

    Calamus scipionum Lour. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 22, 2004 Andersen, J. [225], Malaysia K000114146
    Jul 21, 2000 Maung Soe Paing [BRUN15202], Brunei K000113141
    Jun 6, 1993 Christensen [1409], Malaysia K000521339
    Jan 31, 1992 Stockdale, M.C. [MCS75], Indonesia K000521342
    Mar 5, 1991 Sundaling [SAN124634], Malaysia K000521341
    Jul 9, 1986 Saigol [18], Malaysia K000521344
    Jan 14, 1986 Vongkaluang, I. [350], Thailand K000525691
    Mar 11, 1980 Mogea, J.P. [Bs.n.], Indonesia K000521337
    Sep 12, 1979 Dransfield, J. [JD5640], Malaysia K000521343
    Jul 28, 1975 Cuadra [A232], Malaysia K000521335
    Apr 28, 1975 Moore, H.E. [9214], Malaysia K000521336
    Jan 29, 1975 Meijer [2174], Indonesia K000521333
    Jan 27, 1975 Keith [7436], Malaysia K000521334
    Feb 2, 1974 Dransfield, J. [JD3928], Indonesia K000521345
    Jan 1, 1914 Heyne [175], Indonesia K000521332
    Mogea, J.P. [7428], Indonesia K000114241
    Dransfield, J. [7289], Brunei K000521340
    Barfod, A. [43816], Thailand K000525690
    Riswan, S. [B11], Indonesia K000114455
    Lee Meng Hock [S.55660], Malaysia K000521338

    First published in Fl. Cochinch.: 210 (1790)

    Accepted by

    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Baja-Lapis, A.C. (2010). A Field Guide to Philippine Rattans: 1-214. Asia Life Sciences, Laguna, Philippines.
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • J. Dransfield, The Rattans of Brunei Darussalam. 1997
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Baja-Lapis, A.C. (2010). A Field Guide to Philippine Rattans: 1-214. Asia Life Sciences, Laguna, Philippines.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0