1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Calamus L.
      1. Calamus viminalis Willd.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is NE. India to China (Yunnan) and Peninsula Malaysia, Jawa to Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali).

    [PW]
    Biology
    Scrub, village margins, forest edge and (locally) inside evergreen forest, 0 - 600 m.
    Distribution
    DISTRIBUTION. India (South, North-central, North-east, Andaman and Nicobar Islands), Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand (all parts), Laos (all parts), Vietnam (Cochinchina and Central Annam), Cambodia, Peninsular Malaysia, Indonesia (Java and Bali). Also probably China (North-west and South Yunnan) (Pei et al. 1989, 1991).
    Conservation
    Of no conservation concern, since it is favoured by forest loss and tolerates harvesting well.
    Vernacular
    wai ton, wai nyair, wai na, wai khom, wai namhang, wai keethao, wai nang, wai tiudeet, wai namleuang (Lao Loum), rebou (Alak), blong chang (Khamu), katengparua (Hmong), wai ngamkhao, wai namhang, wai sambai, wai mon, wai som (Thailand).
    [PW]
    Biology
    Scrub forest and degraded semi-evergreen forest; in Laos at 100 m, in Thailand at 0 - 300 m.
    Vernacular
    wai khom, wai nam, wai deng (Lao Loum), yo (Kaleng), re dark (Alak).
    Conservation
    Unknown, but probably not of great concern.
    Distribution
    Thailand (North, North-east, Central, Peninsular), Laos (South) and Peninsular Malaysia.
    [PW]
    Use
    The cane is of moderate quality, widely used for handicrafts and sometimes traded. Shoot edible, fruit sometimes sold for food.
    [PW]
    Use
    Cane suitable for handicrafts and also in trade, shoots edible. We have observed large plantations of this species for edible shoot production in North-east Thailand. It was in cultivation around Chiang Mai as long ago as 1915 (Kerr 3541).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Andaman Is., Assam, Bangladesh, Cambodia, China South-Central, East Himalaya, India, Jawa, Laos, Lesser Sunda Is., Malaya, Myanmar, Nicobar Is., Thailand, Vietnam

    Calamus viminalis Willd. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 8, 2006 Barfod, A. [721], Thailand K000526370
    Jul 1, 2000 Averyanov, L. [VH1026], Vietnam K000462469
    Hooker [474], India K000522424
    Hooker [532], India K000522422
    Hooker [474], India K000522425
    Hooker [532], India K000522423
    Cultivated [1992-3475] K000525534
    Dowe [68], Australia K000525535
    Maxwell, J.F. [97-1129] K000525697
    Jul 20, 2006 Monyrak [198], Cambodia Calamus siamensis K000209512
    Mar 8, 2006 Barfod, A. [722], Thailand Calamus siamensis K000526368
    Dec 1, 1999 Khamphone [401], Laos Calamus siamensis K000114560
    Khamphone [407], Laos Calamus siamensis K000114558
    Schomburgk, R. [s.n.], Thailand Calamus siamensis K000207795 holotype
    Schomburgk, R. [s.n.], Thailand Calamus siamensis K000207796 holotype
    s.coll. [s.n.], India Calamus viminalis var. fasciculatus K000697981 lectotype
    illegible [15359], Peninsular Malaysia Calamus siamensis var. malaianus K000697794 isotype
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8608], Myanmar Calamus pseudorotang K001125954
    Wallich, N. [Cat. no. 8608], Myanmar Calamus pseudorotang K001125955

    First published in Sp. Pl., ed. 4, 2: 203 (1799)

    Accepted by

    • Bhattacharya, R.P., Pal, D.C. & Pati, B.R. (2014). A sytematic census of monocot climbers of Bihar anf Jharkhand states Indian Journal of Forestry 37: 317-324.
    • Peters, C.M. & Henderson, A. (2014). Systematics, ecology and management of Rattans in Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam: 1-222. Agricultural Printing House.
    • Barfod, A.S. & Dransfield, J. (2013). Flora of Thailand 11(3): 323-498. The Forest Herbarium, National Park, Wildlife and Plant Conservation Department, Bangkok.
    • Wu, Z. & Raven, P.H. (eds.) (2010). Flora of China 23: 1-515. Missouri Botanical Garden Press, St. Louis.
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Pandey, R.P. & Dilwakar, P.G. (2008). An integrated check-list flora of Andaman and Nicobar islands, India Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 32: 403-500.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.

    Literature

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    • T. Evans & K. Sengdala & B. Thammavong & O.V. Viengkham & J. Dransfield, A Synopsis of the Rattans (Arecaceae: Calamoideae) of Laos and Neighbouring Parts of Indochina. 2002
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Henderson, A. (2009). Palms of Southern Asia: 1-197. Princeton university press, Princeton and Oxford.
    • Devi, S.P. & Singh, P.K. (2007). Rattan of Manipur: tree new records for the state Journal of Economic and Taxonomic Botany 31: 460-463.

    Sources

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0