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This species is accepted, and its native range is Sumatera, Borneo (Sabah).

[PW]
General Description
Solitary, stem stout, stilt-rooted, to 2 m long, 15 cm diam.; internodes short, to 1 cm long, greyish-brown. Crownshaft not well-defined. Leaves 8-10 in crown, leaf sheath ca. 50-60 cm long, pale yellowishgreen, not falling off but rotting on the stem; petiole ca. 50-75 X 2.5 cm, circular in cross-section, with sparse dark brown indumentum; rachis to 8 mm thick. Leaflets ca. 8-27 on each side of the rachis, drying dull greyish-brown; basal leaflet 1 costate, ca. 34 X 1 cm, longacuminate; middle leaflets 3-6 costate, ca. 32 X 4.5-8.0 cm, long-acuminate; terminalleaflet pair 3-5 costate, to ca. 32 X 3-4 cm, acuminate or bifid to slightly toothed at tips, the pair joined to ca. 4 cm at the base along the rachis. Inflorescence interfoliar, erect; prophyll ensiform, ca. 25-35 X 4 cm, coriaceous or woody and fibrous, hard, covered with scurfy brown indumentum especially along the margins, long-persisting through anthesis; peduncle ca. 22-30 X 1 cm, flattened, covered with sparse brown hairs; peduncular bract triangular ca. 6 mm long, thick and stiff; rachillae 3-5, ca. 10-12 cm long, 5-8 mm thick, each rachilla subtended by a short, thick, stiff, triangular bract to 5 X 5 mm; the lower 2-4 rachillae all staminate, the terminal or apical rachilla staminate and pistillate, or rarely all staminate only. Staminate flowers arranged in 5-7 vertical rows, or in tight spirals, angular, oblong; sepals minute, triangular, oblong-ovate or broadly ovate, slightly concave, to 1 mm long, often shorter; petals oblong to slightly obovate, unequal, ca. 4.5-5 X 2-2.5 mm, rounded-truncate or cucullate at apex, rather thick, the inner surface marked with impressions of stamens; filaments to 1 mm long; anthers erect, linear-oblong, ca. 22.5 mm long, deeply sagittate at the base; pistillode indistinct. Pistillate flower with sepals to 7 X 6 mm, coriaceous, persistent; petals as the sepals; ovary spherical, to 3 X 4 mm; stigma obscurely 3-lobed; staminodes 6, minute, triangular, to 0.5 mm long. Infructescence pendulous, a single club-like head of fruits. Fruit ripening dark purplish-brown, fusiform, ca. 5-8 X 1.5-2.5 cm, beaked, tipped by a short blunt stigma; epicarp drying with few longitudinal ridges. Seed narrowly ovoid to fusiform, to ca. 4.5 X 1.8 cm, acute to acuminate at tip, base rounded to obtuse.
Biology
In hill Dipterocarp forest on hillslopes, valley bottoms, and streamsides; ca. 800 m alt. Endemic.
Distribution
Sumatra.
Vernacular
Pinang gajah.

Native to:

Borneo, Sumatera

Nenga gajah J.Dransf. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 3, 1981 Dransfield, J. [3625], Indonesia K000209583
Dransfield, J. [JD6352], Malaysia 54386.000
Dransfield, J. [6352], Malaysia K000209584
Dransfield, J. [JD1234], Sumatera K000207924 isotype
Dransfield, J. [JD1234], Sumatera K000207925 isotype
Dransfield, J. [JD1234], Sumatera K000207926 isotype
Witono, J. [143], Indonesia K000209585
Andersen, J. [173], Malaysia K000209581
Gundersen [LVG29], Indonesia K000209582

First published in Principes 19: 27 (1975)

Accepted by

  • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Literature

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online

  • E.S. Fernando, A Revision of the Genus Nenga. 1983

Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0