1. Family: Arecaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
    1. Genus: Raphia P.Beauv.
      1. Raphia sudanica A.Chev.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to Congo.

    [FWTA]

    Palmae, T. A. Russell. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Habit
    A palm, often forming thickets
    Ecology
    Of swampy land in savanna country of the Sudan zone
    Trunk
    Stout trunk, usually 6-10 ft. but up to 25 ft. high
    Leaves
    Stiff, rather upright, leaves
    Spadix
    Spadix with greatly condensed, solid branches
    Fruits
    Blunt-nosed, mahogany-red fruits.
    [FWTA]

    Palmae, T. A. Russell. Flora of West Tropical Africa 3:1. 1968

    Note
    The only herbarium specimen seen is a portion of leaf in the Paris Museum.
    Habit
    Chevalier describes this as "a palm forming no trunk or suckers"
    Leaves
    With Short, Very Spiny Leaves Up To 3·5 M. Long, Bearing 60 Pairs Of Segments. short, very spiny leaves up to 3·5 m. long, bearing 60 pairs of segments."
    Spadix
    The Short Spadix Is Almost As Broad As Long, And The Branches Bear Crowded Spikes. short spadix is almost as broad as long, and the branches bear crowded spikes."
    Flowers
    Male Flowers Are Large, Up To 2·4 Cm. In Length; With 10-12 Stamens, The Filaments United For Most Of Their Length. flowers are large, up to 2·4 cm. in length; with 10-12 stamens, the filaments united for most of their length."
    Male
    Male Flowers Are Large, Up To 2·4 Cm. In Length; With 10-12 Stamens, The Filaments United For Most Of Their Length. flowers are large, up to 2·4 cm. in length; with 10-12 stamens, the filaments united for most of their length."
    Fruits
    The Fruit, 4·5-7 Cm. Long And 2·5 Cm. Wide, Has A Large Beak 1 Cm. Long, And Scales In 10 (9-12) Rows. fruit, 4·5-7 cm. long and 2·5 cm. wide, has a large beak 1 cm. long, and scales in 10 (9-12) rows."
    Ecology
    It was found by watercourses in savanna country.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Congo, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo

    Raphia sudanica A.Chev. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Mar 31, 2004 Bayton, R.P. [64], Burkina Faso 64662.000
    Mar 31, 2004 Bayton, R.P. [64], Burkina Faso K000211686
    Mar 31, 2004 Bayton, R.P. [70], Burkina Faso K000211687
    Mar 31, 2004 Bayton, R. P. [70], Burkina Faso 64661.000
    Brunt, M. [477], Cameroon K000452236
    Vigne, C. [3462], Ghana K000452233
    Vigne, C. [3462], Ghana K000452234
    Jordan, H.D. [1049], Sierra Leone K000452229
    Small, D. [500], Sierra Leone K000452230
    Dawe, M.T. [508], Sierra Leone K000452228
    Hall, J.B. [2040], Ghana K000452235
    Aké Assi, L. [9115], Côte d'Ivoire K000452231
    Aké Assi, L. [9115], Côte d'Ivoire K000452232
    Otedoh, M. [7508] K000522264
    Otedoh, M. [7511] K000522263
    Tomlinson, P.B. [511], Ghana K000452237
    Tomlinson, P.B. [511], Ghana K000452238

    First published in Mém. Soc. Bot. France 8: 95 (1908)

    Accepted by

    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. & Dransfield, J. (2005). World Checklist of Palms: 1-223. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Russell in Kew Bull. 19: 182, figs. 3A, 5B.
    • in Rev. Bot. Appliq. 12: 206 (1932)
    • in Mém. Soc. Bot. Fr. 2, 8: 95 (1908)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 2: 360-550. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.

    Sources

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Palmweb - Palms of the World Online
    Palmweb 2011. Palmweb: Palms of the World Online. Published on the internet http://www.palmweb.org. Accessed on 21/04/2013
    Content licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0