Skip to main content
  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus aralioides (Welw. ex Baker) Planch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to South Sudan and N. Angola.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Extensive liane or herbaceous climber 2–2.5 m. long, woody at the base; stems often violet-purple or yellowish, thick, ± fleshy, cylindrical, 3–5 mm. in diameter, glabrous or glabrescent except sometimes (? not in East Africa) laxly reddish pilose at the nodes and a tuft within the axils of the stipules, sometimes with densely scattered black points; the lower stems can be up to 7.5 cm. in diameter and ridged and angular when dry; tendrils simple or bifid, glabrous or glabrescent.
    Leaves
    Leaves 3–9-foliolate; leaflets somewhat fleshy, the median one narrowly oblong-elliptic to oblong-obovate, 3.5–18(–25) cm. long, 1.5–8 cm. wide, narrowly long decurrent into the petiolule, the laterals asymmetrically oblong-elliptic, ovate-oblong or ± elliptic, glabrous except for a few hairs at base of the midrib beneath, dentate, the teeth red, subulate or short and thick; petiole 1.5–15 cm. long, glabrous or glabrescent; petiolules 0–2.5 cm. long; stipules ovate-elliptic, oblong or ± falcate, 2–8 mm. long, 1.5–4 mm. wide, rounded at the apex, ± cordate at the base, sometimes slightly peltate, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers in compound cymes 4–10 cm. long, made up of umbelliform cymules; peduncle 1.5–3 cm. long, glabrescent or laxly pubescent; pedicels 4–7(–10) mm. long, lengthening to 1.5 cm. in fruit, glabrous to golden pilose or scurfy; bracts and bracteoles triangular, 1–1.5 mm. long, glabrous or glabrescent. Flowers 3.5–5 mm. long; corolla glabrous but finely papillose.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupuliform, 1 mm. tall, glabrous to densely pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals usually red outside, greenish white or cream inside or sometimes entirely so, narrowly triangular, 3 mm. long, glabrous.
    Stamens
    Stamens 2.5 mm. long.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits blue-purple, oblong-ovoid, 0.8–3 cm. long, 0.8–2 cm. wide, glabrous, edible.
    Seeds
    Seeds oblong up to 1.5 cm. long, 7–8 mm. wide, 4 mm. thick, strongly laterally compressed; basal projection short; median keel thick; surface smooth.
    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Liane; stems cylindric, somewhat succulent, constricted at the nodes, glabrous; tendrils 2-fid, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves digitate, glabrous; petiole 4–15 cm. long, glabrous; leaflet-lamina up to 18 × 5·8 cm., elliptic to oblanceolate, shortly caudate to acute at the apex, margin serrate, attenuate at the base into a petiolule, glabrous.
    Stipules
    Stipules up to 8 × 4 mm., falcate.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes up to 10 cm. long; peduncle 2–3 cm. long, pubescent to glabrescent; pedicels 4 mm. long lengthening to 15 mm. in fruit, pubescent; bracts and bracteoles 1·5 mm. long.
    Buds
    Flower-bud 4–5 mm. long, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1 mm. long, subentire, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit up to 3 × 2 cm., ovoid.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, 1·5 × 8 cm., smooth with a dorsal crest.
    [FWTA]

    Ampelidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A lofty climber, woody at the base; with stout succulent terete stems constricted at the nodes, and sometimes subsucculent leaves
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish or whitish, comparatively large
    Fruits
    Fruits reddish, turning blue-purple.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Togo, Zaïre

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cissus aralioides (Welw. ex Baker) Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Dec 1, 2008 Cheek, M. [13623], Cameroon K000580129
    Jan 1, 2006 Cheek, M. [11131], Cameroon K000380174
    Oct 1, 2003 Cheek, M. [8886], Cameroon K000197558
    Oct 1, 2003 Cable, S. [909], Cameroon K000197557
    Oct 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [1427], Cameroon K000197552
    Oct 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4495], Cameroon K000197554
    Oct 1, 2003 Elad, M. [112], Cameroon K000197555
    Oct 1, 2003 Ghogue, J.-P. [50], Cameroon K000197553
    Oct 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [183], Cameroon K000197556
    Oct 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [123], Cameroon K000197559
    Milne-Redhead, E. [4664], Zambia 16445.000
    Deighton, F.C. [4757], Sierra Leone 16446.000
    Welwitsch [1484], Angola K000322825
    Barter, C., Niger K000322782
    Johnston, H. [84], Sierra Leone K000322783

    Bibliography

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 513 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 2(1): 1-85. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Gilg & Brandt in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 46: 485.
    • in DC. Monogr. Ampelid. 513 (1887)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Lavie, Vitacées Ouest afric., Esp. sénégal.: 48, t. 6 (1990).
    • Descoings in Fl. Cameroun 13: 88, t.30 (1972).
    • Descoings in Fl. Gabon 14: 81 (1968)
    • Dewit in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 547, fig. 13/c (1960).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 679 (1958).
    • Exell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 54 (1954).
    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 262 (1953).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46:485 (1912).
    • Hiern, Cat Afr. Pl. Welw. 1:160 (1896).
    • Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5:513 (1887).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0