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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus cornifolia (Baker) Planch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & S. Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Erect or semi-scandent shrub or treelet (0.2–)0.6–2.1 m. tall from a large tuberous fire-resistant rootstock; stems cylindrical with ± swollen nodes, ferruginous-tomentose, sparsely hairy or glabrescent, later woody with green ridged bark and glabrous; tendrils usually absent, if present simple, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, oblong, elliptic, ovate, narrowly elliptic, ovate-lanceolate or ± lanceolate, 2–9.5 cm. long, 1.5–5 cm. wide, obtusely angled to apiculate at the apex, rounded at the base, not lobed but denticulate at margins with adpressed teeth, whitish or ferruginous hairy, velvety at first, always very densely so on very young leaves but later sparse on the faces but ± dense on venation beneath; at length sometimes ± entirely glabrous; petiole 2–12 mm. long, ± densely pilose; stipules semicircular to ovate, 2–5.5 mm. long, 2–3.5 mm. wide, rounded at apex, cordate at the base, glabrous except for ciliolate margins.
    Flowers
    Flowers usually appearing well before the leaves or sometimes when the leaves are not fully developed, in umbel-like clusters arranged in leaf-opposed cymes 2–10 cm. long, mostly on the woody branches; peduncle 0.5–7 cm. long; axes glabrescent, sparsely hairy or densely ferruginous; pedicels 1–5 mm. long, glabrous; bracts ovate-triangular, ± 2 mm. long, obtuse, glabrous or pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 0.7–1 mm. long, subentire, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals green, yellow or greenish cream, triangular, 1.8–2.2 mm. long, obtuse, glabrous.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruits red, reddish purple or purplish black, ovoid or oblong-ovoid, 1–1.5 cm. long, 6–8 mm. wide, glabrous, 1-seeded, edible.
    Seeds
    Seed ovoid, compressed, 8–11 mm. long, 5–6.5 mm. wide, 4–5 mm. thick; basal projection short; median ridge narrow, sinuous; lateral lines clear; testa smooth.
    Figures
    Fig. 8.
    Habitat
    Brachystegia woodland, Commiphora-Acacia-Euphorbia thicket, Acacia-Strophanthus-Royena thicket, scattered-tree grassland and grassland; often on granite outcrops, sometimes on black soil and occasionally persisting in cultivations; 150–1525(1– 800) m.
    Distribution
    K4 T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7 T8 U1 U3
    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Erect or sometimes semiscandent shrub; stern and branches cylindric; young shoots often ferruginous-tomentose becoming glabrescent when adult, but sometimes almost glabrous; tendrils occasionally present.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, appearing after the flowers; petiole 2–7 mm. long; leaf-lamina up to 7·8 × 5 cm., narrowly elliptic to elliptic, acute to obtuse at the apex, dentate at the margin, cuneate, rounded or occasionally cordate at the base; stipules 2–5 × 2–3 mm., oblong to triangular, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes leaf-opposed; peduncle 4–9 cm. long, pubescent to glabrescent; pedicels 2 mm. long, lengthening to 5 mm. in fruit, glabrous; bracts and bracteoles up to 2 mm. long, pubescent to glabrous.
    Buds
    Flower-bud 2 mm. long, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1 mm. long, subentire, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 0·5 mm. long; stigma subcapitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit purple-black, 10 × 8 mm., ovoid.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, 9 × 5 mm., smooth with dorsal crest.
    [FWTA]

    Ampelidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Fruits
    Fruits black-purple.
    Habit
    A savannah plant with a woody base sending up erect or suberect shoots each year after the fires
    Flowers
    Flowers greenish-yellow, appearing first on leafless shoots

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cissus cornifolia (Baker) Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [5025], Nigeria 11529.000
    Meikle, R.D. [825], Nigeria 15537.000
    Barter [1072], Guinea K000322786
    Ekman, E.L. [6710], Haiti K000601760 Unknown type material
    Volkens [1672] K000322801 isotype
    Rogers, F.A. [19288], South Africa K000322849 isosyntype
    Rogers, F.A. [1], South Africa K000322850 syntype
    Rogers, F.A. [22963], South Africa K000322851 isosyntype
    Rogers, F.A. [19384], South Africa K000322852 isosyntype
    Rogers, F.A. [19309], South Africa K000322853 Unknown type material
    Speke [658] K000322800 syntype
    Petherick K000322813
    Patel, H. [8001], Mozambique K000614330

    Bibliography

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 492 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Gilg & Brandt in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 46: 480.
    • in DC. Monogr. Ampelid. 492 (1887)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Brundu, G. & Camarda, I. (2013). The Flora of Chad: a checklist and brief analysis PhytoKeys 23: 1-18.
    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 405, fig. 119.4 (1990).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 62 (1980)
    • Descoings in Fl. Cameroun 13: 130, t. 47 (1972).
    • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 50: 24 (1969).
    • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 456 (1966).
    • Haerdi in Acta Trop., Suppl. 8: 112 (1964).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 230 (1962).
    • Dewit in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 518 (1960).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 679 (1958).
    • Williamson, Useful Pl. Nyasal.: 35 (1955).
    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 261 (1953).
    • Wild, Guide Fl. Vict. Falls: 151 (1953).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 308 (1952).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 27 (1949).
    • Gilg & R.E. Fries in R.E. Fries, Wiss. Ergebn. Schwed. Rhod.-Kongo-Exped. 1: 134 (1914).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 480 (1912).
    • Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 492 (1887).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
    © Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/