1. Family: Pedaliaceae R.Br.
    1. Genus: Sesamum L.
      1. Sesamum alatum Thonn.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Dry Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Pedaliaceae, A. Bruce. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1953

    Habit
    Erect herb 20–90 (rarely 150) cm. high, stem simple or sparsely branched, sulcate, glabrous except for the mucilage glands.
    Leaves
    Leaves generally heteromorphic, opposite or rarely alternate, lower leaves long-petiolate (2–7 cm.), palmately 3–5-foliolate or partite; lobes lanceolate to narrowly linear-lanceolate, 1.5–7 cm. long, 0.2–1 cm. broad, central lobe longest, cuneate at the base, acute or rounded at the apex (Fig. 7/1); margins entire or undulate; glabrous except for the mucilage glands which are denser below; upper leaves usually simple, linear-lanceolate to finely linear, 3–6 cm. long, attenuate into a 1–2 cm. long petiole.
    Flowers
    Flowers pink or purple, sometimes red-spotted within.
    Calyx
    Calyx deciduous; lobes linear-lanceolate acuminate, 3–3.5 mm. long, densely glandular and thinly pubescent.
    Corolla
    Corolla 2–3 cm. long, thinly glandular and pilose outside with white multicellular hairs, thinly pubescent within.
    Pistil
    Ovary densely ascending adpressed-pubescent, slightly compressed and 4-angled, about 5 mm. long and just over 1 mm. broad, attenuate at the apex into a slender style.
    Fruits
    Capsule narrowly obconical, 2–4 cm. long, excluding the 4–12 mm. long beak, 5–7 mm. broad in the upper part, gradually narrowed to the base, abruptly acuminate and beaked at the apex, glandular and thinly pubescent, becoming glabrous, slightly compressed and 4-sulcate (Fig. 7/2).
    Seeds
    Seeds (Fig. 7/3) obliquely overlapping in the capsule, 2–3 mm. long, foveolate, with a suborbicular 2–3 mm. long wing at the base and apex.
    Figures
    Fig. 7/1–3, p. 18.
    Habitat
    Semi-desert grassland on river banks; 600-900 m.
    Distribution
    K1 K2
    [FWTA]

    Pedaliaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

    Habit
    Erect herb 2-3 ft. high with sulcate 4-angled stems finely glandular when young
    Flowers
    Flowers pink or bright red with spotted throat
    Ecology
    In dry savanna.
    [FZ]

    Pedaliaceae, H. D. Ihlenfeldt. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

    Habit
    Erect annual herb, 50–150 cm. high; stem simple or sparsely branched; glabrous except for the mucilage glands.
    Leaves
    Leaves heteromorphic; inferior leaves long-petiolate (petiole 2–7 cm. long), lamina 3–5-foliate or-partite, lobes lanceolate to narrowly linear-lanceolate, central lobe longest, 1.5–8 x 0.2–2 cm., margins entire, often undulate; superior leaves simple, lamina linear to narrowly lanceolate, 3–10 cm. long, tapering into a 1–2 cm. long petiole.
    Calyx
    Calyx deciduous.
    Corolla
    Corolla 2–3 cm. long, pink or purple, sometimes spotted red within.
    Fruits
    Capsule narrowly obconical in lateral view, 2.4–5.2 cm. long, 5–7 mm. broad in the upper part, gradually narrowed towards the base, abruptly acuminate and rostrate at the apex; beak 4–12 mm. long, straight; loculi without prominent ribs (TAB. 23 fig E).
    Seeds
    Seeds (excluding the wings) c. 2.6 x 1.5 mm., testa faveolate, with a subcircular 2–3 mm. long wing at the apex and two shorter subcircular wings at the base (TAB. 25 fig. E1).

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sudan, Swaziland, Western Sahara, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    India

    Sesamum alatum Thonn. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Sep 1, 2005 Hochobes, M.M. [MH1062], Namibia K000662155
    Jun 25, 1998 Edwards, S. [3703], Eritrea K000731984
    Jun 25, 1998 Kotschy [106], Sudan K000430499
    Friis, I. [8925], Ethiopia K000731983
    Jackson, J.K. [4338], Sudan K000731982
    Petter, A. [175], Sudan K000731981

    First published in C.F.Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 284 (1827)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    • Bruce, E.A. (1953). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Pedaliaceae: 1-21.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. 11, 23, 264
    • F.T.E.A., Pedaliac., 17, fig. 7, 1-3.
    • Chev. Bot. 489
    • F.T.A. 4, 2: 559
    • in Beskr. Guin. Pl. 284 (1827)
    Kew Backbone Distributions
    • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
    • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.
    • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 2: 243 (1931).
    • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2): 559 (1906).
    • Thonn. in Schumach. & Thonn., Beskr. Guin. Pl. 284 (1827).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2019. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Plants and People Africa
    Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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