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This species is accepted, and its native range is Dry Africa.
Sesamum alatum Thonn.

[FTEA]

Pedaliaceae, A. Bruce. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1953

Morphology General Habit
Erect herb 20–90 (rarely 150) cm. high, stem simple or sparsely branched, sulcate, glabrous except for the mucilage glands.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves generally heteromorphic, opposite or rarely alternate, lower leaves long-petiolate (2–7 cm.), palmately 3–5-foliolate or partite; lobes lanceolate to narrowly linear-lanceolate, 1.5–7 cm. long, 0.2–1 cm. broad, central lobe longest, cuneate at the base, acute or rounded at the apex (Fig. 7/1); margins entire or undulate; glabrous except for the mucilage glands which are denser below; upper leaves usually simple, linear-lanceolate to finely linear, 3–6 cm. long, attenuate into a 1–2 cm. long petiole.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink or purple, sometimes red-spotted within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx deciduous; lobes linear-lanceolate acuminate, 3–3.5 mm. long, densely glandular and thinly pubescent.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2–3 cm. long, thinly glandular and pilose outside with white multicellular hairs, thinly pubescent within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Gynoecium Pistil
Ovary densely ascending adpressed-pubescent, slightly compressed and 4-angled, about 5 mm. long and just over 1 mm. broad, attenuate at the apex into a slender style.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule narrowly obconical, 2–4 cm. long, excluding the 4–12 mm. long beak, 5–7 mm. broad in the upper part, gradually narrowed to the base, abruptly acuminate and beaked at the apex, glandular and thinly pubescent, becoming glabrous, slightly compressed and 4-sulcate (Fig. 7/2).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (Fig. 7/3) obliquely overlapping in the capsule, 2–3 mm. long, foveolate, with a suborbicular 2–3 mm. long wing at the base and apex.
Figures
Fig. 7/1–3, p. 18.
Habitat
Semi-desert grassland on river banks; 600-900 m.
Distribution
K1 K2

[FWTA]

Pedaliaceae, H. Heine. Flora of West Tropical Africa 2. 1963

Morphology General Habit
Erect herb 2-3 ft. high with sulcate 4-angled stems finely glandular when young
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers
Flowers pink or bright red with spotted throat
Ecology
In dry savanna.

[FZ]

Pedaliaceae, H. D. Ihlenfeldt. Flora Zambesiaca 8:3. 1988

Morphology General Habit
Erect annual herb, 50–150 cm. high; stem simple or sparsely branched; glabrous except for the mucilage glands.
Morphology Leaves
Leaves heteromorphic; inferior leaves long-petiolate (petiole 2–7 cm. long), lamina 3–5-foliate or-partite, lobes lanceolate to narrowly linear-lanceolate, central lobe longest, 1.5–8 x 0.2–2 cm., margins entire, often undulate; superior leaves simple, lamina linear to narrowly lanceolate, 3–10 cm. long, tapering into a 1–2 cm. long petiole.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Calyx
Calyx deciduous.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Flowers Corolla
Corolla 2–3 cm. long, pink or purple, sometimes spotted red within.
Morphology Reproductive morphology Fruits
Capsule narrowly obconical in lateral view, 2.4–5.2 cm. long, 5–7 mm. broad in the upper part, gradually narrowed towards the base, abruptly acuminate and rostrate at the apex; beak 4–12 mm. long, straight; loculi without prominent ribs (TAB. 23 fig E).
Morphology Reproductive morphology Seeds
Seeds (excluding the wings) c. 2.6 x 1.5 mm., testa faveolate, with a subcircular 2–3 mm. long wing at the apex and two shorter subcircular wings at the base (TAB. 25 fig. E1).

Native to:

Angola, Benin, Botswana, Burkina, Cameroon, Caprivi Strip, Chad, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Northern Provinces, Senegal, Sudan, Swaziland, Western Sahara, Zambia, Zimbabwe

Introduced into:

India

Sesamum alatum Thonn. appears in other Kew resources:

Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
Sep 1, 2005 Hochobes, M.M. [MH1062], Namibia K000662155
Jun 25, 1998 Edwards, S. [3703], Eritrea K000731984
Jun 25, 1998 Kotschy [106], Sudan K000430499
Jackson, J.K. [4338], Sudan K000731982
Friis, I. [8925], Ethiopia K000731983
Petter, A. [175], Sudan K000731981

First published in C.F.Schumacher, Beskr. Guin. Pl.: 284 (1827)

Accepted by

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Bruce, E.A. (1953). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Pedaliaceae: 1-21.
  • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Dobignard, A. & Chatelain, C. (2013). Index synonymique de la flore d'Afrique du nord 5: 1-451. Éditions des conservatoire et jardin botaniques, Genève.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

Literature

Flora of West Tropical Africa

  • Berhaut, Fl. Sén. 11, 23, 264
  • Chev. Bot. 489
  • F.T.A. 4, 2: 559
  • F.T.E.A., Pedaliac., 17, fig. 7, 1-3.
  • in Beskr. Guin. Pl. 284 (1827)

Kew Backbone Distributions

  • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
  • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
  • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
  • Boulos, L. (2002). Flora of Egypt 3: 1-373. Al Hadara Publishing, Cairo.
  • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
  • Guinea, E. (1948). Catálogo razonado de las plantas del Sáhara Español Anales del Jardin Botanico de Madrid 8: 357-429.
  • Hedberg, I., Kelbessa, E., Edwards, S., Demissew, S. & Persson, E. (eds.) (2006). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 5: 1-690. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
  • Hepper, F.N. (ed.) (1963). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 2: 1-544.
  • Launert, E. (ed.) (1988). Flora Zambesiaca 8(3): 1-118. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
  • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Lisowski, S. (2009). Flore (Angiospermes) de la République de Guinée Scripta Botanica Belgica 41: 1-517.
  • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
  • Quézel, P. (1958). Mission Botanique au Tibesti: 1-357. Université d'Alger.

Flora of Tropical East Africa

  • Hutch. & Dalz., Flora of West Tropical Africa 2: 243 (1931).
  • Stapf in Flora of Tropical Africa 4 (2): 559 (1906).
  • Thonn. in Schumach. & Thonn., Beskr. Guin. Pl. 284 (1827).

Flora Zambesiaca
Flora Zambesiaca
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Flora of Tropical East Africa
Flora of Tropical East Africa
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Flora of West Tropical Africa
Flora of West Tropical Africa
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Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
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Kew Backbone Distributions
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2021. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
© Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

Plants and People Africa
Common Names from Plants and People Africa http://www.plantsandpeopleafrica.com/
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