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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus cucumerifolia Planch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central Tanzania to Mozambique.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Liane to several m. with 4–5-angled stems, glabrescent or with white crisped pubescence; tendrils 2-fid.
    Leaves
    Leaves similar to grape vine, simple, broadly transversely elliptic to very broadly ovate, 7–15 cm. long, 7–16 cm. wide, apiculate at the apex, cordate at the base, usually 3–5-lobed for half the length, subsinuate-dentate at the margin, pubescent with ± sparse white hairs; lobes ovate-triangular, acuminate; petiole 4.5–15(– 22) cm. long, often ± densely pubescent; stipules broadly oblong to ± round, 4–6 mm. long, ± densely white-pubescent.
    Flowers
    Flowers in leaf-opposed and terminal cymes of umbel-like cymules, 7–17 cm. long, with the inflorescence-leaves small; peduncle 2.5–5 cm. long, pubescent; pedicels 8–10 mm. long, thickening and attaining 1.8 cm. in fruit, densely pubescent but later glabrous; bracts and bracteoles up to 1.5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx ± 1.5 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, entire, densely pubescent when young.
    Buds
    Buds conical ± 5 mm. long.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow and carmine, 3–4.5 mm. long, glabrous or with very few hairs.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits ellipsoid, 1.7–2 cm. long, 1–1.4 cm. wide, glabrous, 1-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seed ellipsoid, 1.5 cm. long, smooth with single crest.
    Habitat
    Woodland, grassland with scattered groups of trees and rocks; 210–1000 m.
    Distribution
    T6 T8
    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 1 mm. long; stigma subcapitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit 17 × 10 mm. when dry, glabrous; seed 1, 15 mm. long, smooth with a single crest.
    Habit
    Liane; stems 4–5-angled with lax white crisped pubescence or glabrescent; tendrils 2–fid.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; petiole up to 15 cm. long, pubescence as on stems; leaf-lamina up to 15 × 16 cm., broadly transversely elliptic to very broadly ovate, usually 3-lobed up to halfway down, apiculate at the apex, margin subsinuate-dentate, cordate at the base, pubescence as on stems but sparse on upper surface; stipules 4 mm. long, broadly oblong to ± circular.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes leaf-opposed and terminal; peduncle up to 3 cm. long with pubescence as on stems; pedicels up to 10 mm. long, becoming thickened and up to 13 mm. long in fruit, densely pubescent, becoming glabrous in fruit.
    Bracts
    Bracts and bracteoles up to 1·5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Buds
    Flower-bud 4·5 × 2·5 mm., glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 1·5 mm. long, densely pubescent when young.
    Stamens
    Stamens with filaments 0·5 mm. long; anthers 1 mm. long.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cissus cucumerifolia Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk [64], Mozambique K000322833

    Bibliography

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 474 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 50: 20 (1969).
    • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 452 (1966).
    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 257 (1953).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 467 (1912).
    • Planch. in A.& C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 474 (1887).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0