Skip to main content
  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus cucumerifolia Planch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is S. Central Tanzania to Mozambique.


    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Liane to several m. with 4–5-angled stems, glabrescent or with white crisped pubescence; tendrils 2-fid.
    Leaves similar to grape vine, simple, broadly transversely elliptic to very broadly ovate, 7–15 cm. long, 7–16 cm. wide, apiculate at the apex, cordate at the base, usually 3–5-lobed for half the length, subsinuate-dentate at the margin, pubescent with ± sparse white hairs; lobes ovate-triangular, acuminate; petiole 4.5–15(– 22) cm. long, often ± densely pubescent; stipules broadly oblong to ± round, 4–6 mm. long, ± densely white-pubescent.
    Flowers in leaf-opposed and terminal cymes of umbel-like cymules, 7–17 cm. long, with the inflorescence-leaves small; peduncle 2.5–5 cm. long, pubescent; pedicels 8–10 mm. long, thickening and attaining 1.8 cm. in fruit, densely pubescent but later glabrous; bracts and bracteoles up to 1.5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Calyx ± 1.5 mm. long, 4 mm. wide, entire, densely pubescent when young.
    Buds conical ± 5 mm. long.
    Petals yellow and carmine, 3–4.5 mm. long, glabrous or with very few hairs.
    Ovary glabrous; style 1 mm. long.
    Fruits ellipsoid, 1.7–2 cm. long, 1–1.4 cm. wide, glabrous, 1-seeded.
    Seed ellipsoid, 1.5 cm. long, smooth with single crest.
    Woodland, grassland with scattered groups of trees and rocks; 210–1000 m.
    T6 T8

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Ovary glabrous; style 1 mm. long; stigma subcapitate.
    Fruit 17 × 10 mm. when dry, glabrous; seed 1, 15 mm. long, smooth with a single crest.
    Liane; stems 4–5-angled with lax white crisped pubescence or glabrescent; tendrils 2–fid.
    Leaves simple; petiole up to 15 cm. long, pubescence as on stems; leaf-lamina up to 15 × 16 cm., broadly transversely elliptic to very broadly ovate, usually 3-lobed up to halfway down, apiculate at the apex, margin subsinuate-dentate, cordate at the base, pubescence as on stems but sparse on upper surface; stipules 4 mm. long, broadly oblong to ± circular.
    Cymes leaf-opposed and terminal; peduncle up to 3 cm. long with pubescence as on stems; pedicels up to 10 mm. long, becoming thickened and up to 13 mm. long in fruit, densely pubescent, becoming glabrous in fruit.
    Bracts and bracteoles up to 1·5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Flower-bud 4·5 × 2·5 mm., glabrous.
    Calyx c. 1·5 mm. long, densely pubescent when young.
    Stamens with filaments 0·5 mm. long; anthers 1 mm. long.



    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania


    Other Data

    Cissus cucumerifolia Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk [64], Mozambique K000322833


    First published in Candolle & Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 474 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Alves, T., Francisco, J., Harris, T., Nangoma, D. & de Sousa, C. (2009). Biodiversity and Conservation of Mchese Mountain, Malawi. Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036: 1-71. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.


    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 50: 20 (1969).
    • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 452 (1966).
    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 257 (1953).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 467 (1912).
    • Planch. in A.& C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 474 (1887).


    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at and
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families.