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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus grisea (Baker) Planch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. & S. Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Woody climber or trailer 2–16 m. long; stems terete, shortly grey, brownish or ferruginous pubescent, smelling unpleasant when cut; tendrils bifid.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, ± round or oblong to ovate, 5.5–18.5 cm. long, 3.5–15.5 cm. wide, apiculate and acute at the apex, cordate at the base with a wide sinus, occasionally very slightly 3-lobed, pubescent with short spreading hairs, usually sparse above but denser on venation beneath; petiole 2–8 cm. long, densely pubescent; stipules rounded-oblong, 3–5 mm. long, apiculate at the apex, cordate at the base, densely puberulous, ± auriculate.
    Flowers
    Flowers in leaf-opposed umbel-like cymes 5–15 cm. long of 3–5 umbel-like cymules; peduncles 3–11.5 cm. long, pubescent; pedicels 5 mm. long, lengthening to 1.3 cm. in fruit, densely pubescent; bracts and bracteoles 1.5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1 mm. long, 2 mm. wide, entire or undulate, densely pubescent.
    Buds
    Buds 2–3 mm. long, densely pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals green or white, 2 mm. long, cucullate with an inflexed apical lobe.
    Pistil
    Ovary pubescent; style 1 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit plum-coloured or dark red to ± black, ellipsoid, 0.8–1.2 cm. long, 6–8 mm. wide, covered with soft pubescent elongate processes, 1-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seed ellipsoid, 8 mm. long, 5 mm. wide.
    Habitat
    Wooded slopes by lakes or on rocky scarps; 550–960 m.
    Distribution
    T4 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Climber, ± woody; stems cylindric with short grey pubescence; tendrils 2-fid.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; petiole 2–8 cm. long, densely pubescent; leaf-lamina up to 15 × 15 cm., rotund or ± circular, base cordate with a wide sinus, apex apiculate, margin denticulate, both surfaces pubescent with short spreading hairs especially on the nerves; stipules 3 × 3 mm., apiculate at the apex.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes leaf-opposed; peduncle up to 9·5 cm. long, pubescent; pedicels 5 mm. long, lengthening to 13 mm. in fruit, densely pubescent.
    Bracts
    Bracts and bracteoles 1·5 mm. long, pubescent.
    Buds
    Flower-bud 2–2·5 × 15 mm., densely pubescent.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1 mm. long, densely pubescent.
    Pistil
    Ovary pubescent; style 1 mm. long; stigma subcapitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit 9 × 6 mm. when dry, covered with long thick soft hairs or processes which are themselves pubescent; seed 1, 8 × 5 mm.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cissus grisea (Baker) Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Kirk [s.n.], Malawi K000322831

    Bibliography

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 622 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 50: 23 (1969).
    • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 453, t. 95/A (1966).
    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 259 (1953).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 472 (1912).
    • Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 622 (1887).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0