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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus integrifolia Planch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is South Sudan to Caprivi Strip.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Extensive climber to 5 m. reaching tops of trees or thicket-forming; older stems woody, sometimes with corky surface, not winged, producing gum-like exudate when cut, ± glabrous except for a few scattered hairs when young but sometimes with low tubercles; tendrils bifid, becoming woody.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, broadly ovate, 3.5–12.5 cm. long, 2–12 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, truncate, rounded or slightly cordate at the base, entire or obscurely toothed; tertiary venation plane; petiole 2–9 cm. long; stipules very broadly ovate, up to 2 mm. long and wide, ciliate, soon falling.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax cymes; peduncle 1.5–6 cm. long; pedicels 4–5 mm. long, glabrous to minutely puberulous; bracts and bracteoles broadly ovate, ± 1 mm. long and wide.
    Buds
    Buds broadly oblong-cylindric, 2.5 mm. long, 2 mm. wide.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–3 mm. wide, ± 0.5 mm. long, entire, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals yellowish green or whitish, oblong or ovate, falling almost immediately, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary white, glabrous; style 1.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit pink or red to dark purple with a bloom, ellipsoid, 2–3 cm. long, 1–2.5 cm. wide, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, compressed-ovoid, 1.6 cm. long, 8 mm. wide, with strong dorsal crest and a few lateral ridges.
    Habitat
    Evergreen forest, woodland, bushland and grassland, often on rocky scarps; (5–)10–940 m.
    Distribution
    K7 T3 T4 T6 T7 T8
    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Climber to tops of trees; older sterns woody, not winged, producing gumlike exudate when cut; plant with scattered caducous hairs when young, otherwise ± glabrous; tendrils 2-fid, becoming woody on older sterns.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; petiole up to 5 cm. long; leaf-lamina up to 10·3 × 9·3 cm. but usually smaller, broadly ovate, acuminate at the apex, margin entire or obscurely dentate, usually truncate at the base or sometimes slightly cordate or rounded, tertiary veins on lower surface not raised; stipules 2 × 2 mm., very broadly ovate, ciliate, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes lax; peduncle up to 6 cm. long; pedicels 4–5 mm. long; bracts and bracteoles up to 1 × 1 mm., broadly ovate.
    Buds
    Flower-bud 2·5 × 2 mm., very broadly oblong-cylindric.
    Calyx
    Calyx c. 0·5 mm. long, ± entire.
    Corolla
    Petals yellowish-green.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 1·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Ripe fruit red with a bloom, up to 20 × 10 mm., ellipsoid, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, 16 × 8 mm., with a strong dorsal crest and a few lateral ridges.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Caprivi Strip, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Sudan, Tanzania, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cissus integrifolia Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Milne-Redhead, E. [7622], Tanzania 4956.000
    Verdcourt, B. [1906], Kenya 11523.000
    Wild, H. [44563], Zimbabwe 11524.000
    Robson, N.K.B. [1586], Malawi 25611.000
    Kirk, J., Mozambique K000322837
    Kirk [s.n.], Mozambique K000322838

    Bibliography

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 483 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb.2: 360 (1983).
    • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 449 (1966).
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 231 (1962).
    • Dewit in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 513, fig. 13/F (1960).
    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 256 (1953).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 27 (1949).
    • Bak.f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany Bot. 40: 46 (1911).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 462 (1911).
    • Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 483 (1887).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0