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  1. Family: Piperaceae Giseke
    1. Genus: Peperomia Ruiz & Pav.
      1. Peperomia blanda (Jacq.) Kunth

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical & Subtropical America, Tropical Africa, S. Arabian Peninsula.

    [CPLC]

    Bernal, R., Gradstein, S.R. & Celis, M. (eds.). 2015. Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia. Instituto de Ciencias Naturales, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá. http://catalogoplantasdecolombia.unal.edu.co

    Distribution
    Nativa en Colombia; Alt. 900 - 2985 m.; Andes.
    Habit
    Hierba, epífita
    Conservation
    Preocupación Menor
    [FZ]

    Piperaceae, M.A. Diniz. Flora Zambesiaca 9:2. 1997

    Habit
    An erect succulent rhizomatous herb, up to 50 cm tall (including the inflorescence).Stems decumbent, rooting at the lower nodes, simple or few-branched, densely pubescent or ± glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves opposite, the lowermost smaller and sometimes alternate, the upper ones at the base of inflorescence spikes 3–4-whorled, thinly succulent when fresh, drying rather membranous; petiole (4)7–15(23) mm long, pubescent or glabrescent; lamina (1.5)2.0–5.0(6.3) x (1.0)1.3–2.5(3.0) cm, broadly elliptic, ovate or obovate-oblong, rounded to obtuse or acute at the apex, cuneate at the base, pubescent to subglabrous on both surfaces, ciliate on the margin, sometimes obscurely pellucid-punctate more conspicuous on the lower surface, 3–5-palmatinerved.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences spicate; spikes terminal or axillary, greenish, 2–5 clustered, rarely solitary; rhachis (4.5)5.5–9.3(11) cm long, glabrous; peduncle (0.8)1.2–1.7(2.3) cm long, pubescent or subglabrous;flowers lax.
    Pistil
    Ovary ovoid, glabrous; stigma terminal, oblique.
    Fruits
    Fruit 0.7–0.9 mm long, globose-ovoid, densely covered with viscous shortly cylindrical papillae. Pseudopedicels present or absent.
    [FTEA]

    Piperaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1996

    Habit
    Erect succulent rhizomatous plant, 10–50(–60) cm. tall, sometimes epiphytic; stems brownish to pink or red, ± terete, rather fleshy towards the base.
    Leaves
    Leaves in whorls of 3 (4–8 in a South American variety) or opposite, thin and soft, green above with venation paler, uniformly dark green beneath or in lower leaves sometimes reddish; blade broadly elliptic to obovate, 1–6.5(–8) cm. long, 0.7–3.5(–4.2) cm. wide, broadly acute or sometimes shortly acuminate at the apex, broadly cuneate to rounded at the base, palmately 3(–5)-nerved, the midnerve also pinnately divided above, the veins slightly impressed above and raised beneath, finely pubescent on both surfaces; petiole pink or green, 0.2–1.7 cm. long, 1.5 mm. wide, grooved, hairy.
    Inflorescences
    Spikes green, 2–5(–8), terminal and in upper axils forming leafy panicles; individual spikes 0.8–10 cm. long, 1–2 mm. wide; peduncle pink, 0.4–2(–3.2) cm. long; flowers lax; floral bracts rounded or oblong-ovate, peltate, 0.4–0.8 mm. long, 0.3–0.5 mm. wide, glandular punctate.
    Fruits
    Fruits broadly ellipsoid, 0.8–1(–1.2) mm. long, 0.5–0.6 mm. wide, obscurely to ± distinctly papillate; style-cap broad and low; short conical pseudopedicels sometimes present when fully ripe.
    Habitat
    Bare but often shady rocky places, e.g. granite outcrops, inselbergs, gullies, evergreen scrub and ‘dry forest’, also margin of standing water and springs, often with Aloe and Aeollanthus, or in riverine thicket, rarely an epiphyte, e.g. on Diospyros; 250–1800 m.
    Distribution
    K4 K5 K6 K7 T1 T2 T3 T6 T7 U2 U3 from Yemen to South Africa west to Zaire, Madagascar, Mascarene Is., India, Burma, Indo-china, Taiwan, Malesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, New Caledonia and Australia, also U.S.A. (Florida) to S. South America (see note)

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Argentina Northeast, Argentina Northwest, Brazil North, Brazil Northeast, Brazil South, Brazil Southeast, Brazil West-Central, Colombia, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, Gulf of Guinea Is., Guyana, Haiti, Kenya, Mexico Gulf, Mexico Northeast, Mexico Southeast, Mexico Southwest, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Oman, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad-Tobago, Venezuela, Venezuelan Antilles, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Peperomia blanda (Jacq.) Kunth appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Galpin, E.E. [3158], South Africa K000350475
    Pringle, C.G. [3809], Mexico K000324512 Unknown type material
    Jameson [59], Ecuador K000324881 Unknown type material
    Drège, South Africa K000350474
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Peperomia hirsuta K000324676 Unknown type material
    Sellow [s.n.], Brazil Peperomia hirsuta K000324677 Unknown type material

    Bibliography

    First published in F.W.H.von Humboldt, A.J.A.Bonpland & C.S.Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 67 (1816)

    Accepted by

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Jørgensen, P.M., Nee, M.H. & Beck., S.G. (eds.) (2013). Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de Bolivia Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 127: 1-1741. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Monteiro, D. (2013). Piperaceae em um fragmento de floresta atlântica da Serra da Mantiqueira, Minas Gerais, Brasil Rodriguésia 64: 379-398.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J., Todzia, C.A. & Görts-van Rijn, A.R.A. (2007). 7. Hernandiaceae. 8. Chloranthaceae. 9. Piperaceae Flora of the Guianas, Series A 24: 1-214. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Miller, A.G. & Morris, M. (2004). Ethnoflora of Soqotra Archipelago: 1-759. The Royal Botanic Garden, Edinburgh.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Boggan, J. Funck, V. & Kelloff, C. (1997). Checklist of the Plants of the Guianas (Guyana, Surinam, Franch Guiana) ed. 2: 1-238. University of Guyana, Georgetown.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1996). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Piperaceae: 1-24.
    • Turner, I.M. (1995 publ. 1997). A catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Malaya Gardens' Bulletin Singapore 47(2): 347-655.
    • Brako, L. & Zarucchi, J.L. (1993). Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 45: i-xl, 1-1286. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Dassanayake (ed.) (1988). A Revised Handbook to the Flora of Ceylon 6: 1-424. Oxford & IBH Publishing Co. PVT. LTD., New Delhi, Calcutta.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Villaseñor, J.L. (2016). Checklist of the native vascular plants of Mexico Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 87: 559-902.
    • Bernal, R., Gradstein, R.S. & Celis, M. (eds.) (2016). Catálogo de plantas y líquenes de Colombia 1-2: 1-3068. Libro impreso.
    • Velayos, M., Barberá, P., Cabezas, F.J., de la Estrella, M., Fero, M. & Aedo, C. (2014). Checklist of the vascular plants of Annobón (Equatorial Guinea) Phytotaxa 171: 1-78.
    • Monteiro, D. (2013). Piperaceae em um fragmento de floresta atlântica da Serra da Mantiqueira, Minas Gerais, Brasil Rodriguésia 64: 379-398.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Garcia-Mendoza, A.J. & Meave, J.A. (eds.) (2012). Diversidad florística de Oaxaca: de musgos a angiospermas (colecciones y listas de especies), ed. 2: 1-351. Instituto de Biología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J. (2012). Arnoldo's Zakflora, ed. 4: 1-318. Walburg Pers, Zutphen.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • GBIF (2008-continuously updated). Global Biodiversity Information Facility http://www.gbif.org/.
    • Zuloaga, F.O., Morrone, O. , Belgrano, M.J., Marticorena, C. & Marchesi, E. (eds.) (2008). Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 107: 1-3348. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Hokche, O., Berry, P.E. & Huber, O. (eds.) (2008). Nuevo Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Venezuela: 1-859. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela.
    • van Proosdij, A.S.J., Todzia, C.A. & Görts-van Rijn, A.R.A. (2007). 7. Hernandiaceae. 8. Chloranthaceae. 9. Piperaceae Flora of the Guianas, Series A 24: 1-214. The Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Stevens, W.D., Ulloa U., C., Pool, A. & Montiel, O.M. (2001). Flora de Nicaragua Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 85: i-xlii, 1-2666. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Edwards, S., Tadesse, M., Demissew, S. & Hedberg, I. (eds.) (2000). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 2(1): 1-532. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Jørgensen, P.M. & León-Yánez, S. (eds.) (1999). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador Monographs in Systematic Botany from the Missouri Botanical Garden 75: i-viii, 1-1181. Missouri Botanical Garden.
    • Troupin, G. (ed.) (1978). Flora du Rwanda 1: 1-413. Musee Royal de l'Afrique Centrale.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Agnew, A.D.Q. & Agnew, S., Upland Kenya Wild Flowers, ed. 2: 47 (1994).
    • Argent in Walters et al., Eur. Gard. Fl. 3: 410 (1989).
    • Graf, Exotica, ser. 4(2): 1934 (1985).
    • Steyerm., Fl. Venezuela 2(2), Piperaceae: 54, fig. 5/1 (1984).
    • Düll in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 93: 109 (1973).
    • Trel. & Yunck., Piper. N. S. Amer.: 556, fig. 487 (1950).
    • Hook., Exot. Fl. 1, t. 21 (1823).
    • Kunth, Nov. Gen. Sp. 1: 67, t. 3 (1816).

    Sources

    Catálogo de Plantas y Líquenes de Colombia
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Colombian resources for Plants made Accessible
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/