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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is W. Tropical Africa to W. Ethiopia and E. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Liane to 4.5 m., with old stems mostly hollow, up to 7.5 cm. diameter and yielding a copious clear watery sap when cut.
    Branches
    Young branches ± fleshy, ferruginous pubescent or glabrescent, soon glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, ± round, broadly ovate or ovate–oblong, 2.5–17(–l9) cm. long, 2–17(–19) cm. wide, acute, shortly acuminate or obtuse to quite rounded at the apex, distantly minutely toothed, appearing almost entire, ± glabrous to shortly pubescent on venation on both sides, even ± subvelvety beneath, eventually glabrous; petiole 0.7–13(–16.5) cm. long; stipules oblong-triangular, 2.5–5 mm. long and wide, soon deciduous.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax cymes 6–16 cm. long and wide of umbel-like elements, ferruginous pubescent; peduncle 1–7 cm. long; pedicels 3–5 mm. long, attaining 1 cm. in fruit, imperceptibly to distinctly puberulous; bracts and bracteoles 1–1.5 mm. long.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1–1.5 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, undulate, pubescent or minutely puberulent.
    Corolla
    Petals cream or yellowish, oblong-ovate, 2.5–3 mm. long, puberulous or mostly glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruits blackish purple or yellow to red (fide Vollesen), ellipsoid or oblong, 2–2.5 cm. long, 1.2–1.5 cm. wide, glabrous.
    Seeds
    Seed compressed, elliptic in outline, 1.5–1.9 cm. long, 1–1.5 cm. wide, 5–9 mm. thick; basal projection conical, thick; median keel broad, rounded and sinuous; usually with lateral raised radial lines separated by deep concave area; testa smooth.
    Habitat
    Grassland with trees especially after burning, bushland and rocky places; in T6 in lowland forest of Erythrophleum, Treculia, Isoberlinia scheffleri, Dialium, Xylopia, Parkia, Anthocleista and Tetrapleura; (250 (T6)–) 1080–1140 m.
    Distribution
    Senegal to S. Nigeria, Cameroon, Zaire, Central African Republic, Sudan and Ethiopia T6 U1 U3
    [FWTA]

    Ampelidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A liane with pale woody stems up to 3 in. diam.
    Exudate
    Cut stems exuding copious clear watery sap
    Flowers
    Flowers cream
    Fruits
    Fruits blackish-purple when ripe
    Ecology
    In savannah.

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Benin, Burkina, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Chad, Ethiopia, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Ivory Coast, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zaïre

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cissus populnea Guill. & Perr. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Jan 1, 1963 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [4333], Burkina Faso K000385974
    Onochie, C.F.A. [35106], Nigeria 25687.000
    Andrews, F.W. [1521], Sudan 9816.000
    Jaeger, P. [4984], Mali K000385977
    Jaeger, P. [4984], Mali K000385978
    Jaeger, P. [4981], Mali K000385979
    Ash, J.W. [608], Ethiopia 45253.000
    Sihronen, J. [58], Burkina Faso K000385975
    Sihronen, J. [159], Burkina Faso K000385976

    Bibliography

    First published in Fl. Seneg. Tent.: 134 (1831)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Akoègninou, A., van der Burg, W.J. & van der Maesen, L.J.G. (eds.) (2006). Flore Analytique du Bénin: 1-1034. Backhuys Publishers.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Boudet, G., Lebrun, J.P. & Demange, R. (1986). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Mali: 1-465. Etudes d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Chev. Bot. 145.
    • Gilg & Brandt in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 46: 463
    • Fl. Seneg. 1: 134 (1831)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Catarino, L., Martins, E.S., Diniz, M.A. & Pinto-Basto, M.F. (2006). Check-list da flora vascular do parque natural das Lagos de Cufada (Guiné-Bissau) Garcia de Orta, Série de Botânica 17: 97-141.
    • Barry, J. P. & Celles, J.S. (1991). Flore de Mauritanie 1: 1-359. Centre Regional de Documentation Pedagogique, Nice.
    • Lebrun, J.p., Toutain, B., Gaston, A. & Boudet, G. (1991). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Burkina Faso: 1-341. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Peyre de Fabregues, B. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1976). Catalogue des Plantes Vascularies du Niger: 1-433. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.
    • Lebrun, J.-P., Audru, J., Gaston, A. & Mosnier, M. (1972). Catalogue des Plantes Vasculaires du Tchad Méridional: 1-289. Institut d' Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, Maisons Alfort.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Lavie, Vitacées Ouest afric., Esp. sénégal.: 81, t. 11 (1990).
    • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 407 (1990).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 62 (1980)
    • Descoings in Fl. Cameroun 13: 98, t. 34 (1972).
    • Dewit in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 530 (1960).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 678 (1958).
    • F. W. Andr., The Flowering Plants of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan 2: 306 (1952).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 463 (1911).
    • Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 479 (1887).
    • Guill. & Perr., Fl. Seneg. Tent. 1: 134 (1831).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0