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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus producta Afzel.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tropical Africa.

    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Climber; stems quadrangular, very sparingly pubescent or glabrescent; tendrils present.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple; petiole 1–6·5 cm., leaf-lamina up to 10·4 × 6·2 cm., ovate-oblong, cuspidate at the apex, margin remotely serrate, slightly cordate, truncate or rounded at the base, glabrous except sometimes pubescent at the base underneath and along principal nerves; stipules 2 mm. long, triangular, auriculate.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes 4–10 cm. long, leaf-opposed; peduncle ± 1 cm. long lengthening to 2 cm. in fruit, glabrescent; pedicels ± 5 mm. long lengthening to 10 mm. or more in fruit, appressed-pubescent or glabrescent; bracts and bracteoles 0·5 mm. long, glabrous, ciliate.
    Buds
    Flower-bud ± 4 mm. × 2 mm., conical, acute or acuminate at the apex, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1 mm. long, subentire, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 1·5 mm. long; stigma subcapitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit black or purplish-red, 1·1–1·8 × 0·8–1 cm.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, up to 13 × 8 mm., smooth, with dorsal crest.
    [FWTA]

    Ampelidaceae, Hutchinson and Dalziel. Flora of West Tropical Africa 1:2. 1958

    Habit
    A large herbaceous climber
    Flowers
    Pinkish flowers
    Fruits
    Ripe fruits black
    Ecology
    In forest
    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Herbaceous climber or extensive liane 2.4–15 m. long; young stems cylindrical, ± fleshy, pubescent when young but soon glabrous; older stems 4-angled; tendrils usually simple, glabrous.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, oblong-triangular, oblong-ovate or broadly lanceolate, 6–12(–14) cm. long, 4.5–6(–9) cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, truncate to subcordate at the base, entire, regularly finely remotely dentate at the margin with narrow teeth, glabrous except sometimes for few hairs on venation beneath; petiole 1–8 cm. long, deeply grooved, ± glabrous; stipules ovate-triangular, 2–3.5 mm. long and wide, auriculate at the base, glabrous.
    Flowers
    Flowers in umbel-like clusters arranged in axillary and terminal cymose inflorescences 3–5(–10) cm. long; peduncle 1–2(–5) cm. long, glabrous or sparsely pubescent; pedicels 4–6 mm. long, very densely hairy, lengthening to 1 cm. in fruit and ± glabrous to ferruginous pubescent; bracts shortly triangular, 0.5–1.5 mm. long, indurated at the base, glabrous or glabrescent, ciliate.
    Calyx
    Calyx cupuliform, 1 mm. long, 2.5 mm. wide, glabrous.
    Buds
    Buds ± contracted at apex when dry.
    Corolla
    Petals pink or yellowish, elongate-triangular, ± 3 mm. long, glabrous.
    Ovary
    Ovary glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruits purplish red to black, ovoid, oblong-ovoid or ellipsoid, 0.9–1.8 cm. long, 0.6–1 cm. wide, glabrous, 1-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seed compressed subglobose or oblong-subglobose, 0.9–1.3 cm. long, 6–8 mm. wide, 4–6 mm. thick, with short basal projection; median keel ± raised; pits large and open; surface smooth or slightly rugulose.
    Habitat
    Evergreen forest, Streamside forest in valleys, rocky places near waterfalls, etc.; 750–1050 m.
    Distribution
    T3 T6 T7 U2 U4 Senegal to Angola, Zaire, Zambia and Zimbabwe

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Burkina, Cabinda, Cameroon, Central African Repu, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Gulf of Guinea Is., Ivory Coast, Liberia, Malawi, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Zambia, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cissus producta Afzel. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Oct 1, 2003 Leeuwenberg, A.J.M. [8697], Cameroon K000093449
    Oct 1, 2003 Cable, S. [2885], Cameroon K000197574
    Oct 1, 2003 Cable, S. [3243], Cameroon K000197577
    Oct 1, 2003 Kenfack, D. [215], Cameroon K000197570
    Oct 1, 2003 Kenfack, D. [312], Cameroon K000197571
    Oct 1, 2003 Kenfack, D. [312], Cameroon K000197572
    Oct 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [293], Cameroon K000093286
    Oct 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [2765], Cameroon K000197568
    Oct 1, 2003 Etuge, M. [4312], Cameroon K000197569
    Oct 1, 2003 Nemba, J. [207], Cameroon K000093292
    Oct 1, 2003 Zapfack, L. [924], Cameroon K000197567
    Oct 1, 2003 Onana, J.-M. [560], Cameroon K000197576
    Oct 1, 2003 Gosline, G. [229], Cameroon K000197566
    Oct 1, 2003 Biye, E. [3], Cameroon K000197573
    Jan 1, 2003 Wheatley, J.I. [838], Cameroon K000086481
    Jan 1, 1994 Harris, D.J. [3852], Cameroon K000086503
    Jan 1, 1994 Akogo, M. [146], Cameroon K000086504
    Jan 1, 1993 Wheatley, J.I. [504], Cameroon K000086502
    Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [96], Cameroon K000086500
    Jan 1, 1993 Tchouto (Mbatchou), P. [96], Cameroon K000086501
    Jan 1, 1987 Mambo, P. [25], Cameroon K000093437
    Jun 1, 1976 Letouzey, R. [15187], Cameroon K000093438
    May 1, 1968 Binuyo, A. [FHI 35655], Cameroon K000093436
    Brenan, J.P.M. [8439], Nigeria 11515.000
    Sidwell, K. [391], Cameroon K000197575

    Bibliography

    First published in Rem. Guin.: 63 (1815)

    Accepted by

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Figueiredo, E., Paiva, J., Stévart, T., Oliveira, F. & Smith, G.F. (2011). Annotated catalogue of the flowering plants of São Tomé and Príncipe Bothalia, A Journal of Botanical Research 41: 41-82.
    • Lejoy, J., Ndjele, M.-B. & Geerinck, D. (2010). Catalogue-flore des plantes vasculaires des districts de Kisangani et de la Tshopo (RD Congo) Taxonomania 30: 1-307.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Hutchinson, J., Dalziel, J.M. & Keay, R.W.J. (1954-1958). Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 1-828.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Flora of West Tropical Africa

    • Chev. Bot. 145.
    • Gilg & Brandt in Engl. Bot. Jahrb. 46: 477, partly (excl. syn. C. arguta Hook. f.)
    • Remed. Guin. 63 (1815)

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Thiombiano, A., Schmidt, M., Dressler, S., Ouédraogo, A., Hahn, K. & Zizka, G. (2012). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Burkina Faso Boissiera 65: 1-391.
    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Catarino, L., Sampaio Martins, E., Pinto-Basto, M.F. & Diniz, M.A. (2006). Plantas Vasculares e Briófitos da Guiné-Bissau: 1-298. Instituto de investigação científica tropical, Instituto Português de apoio ao desenvolvimento.
    • Sita, P. & Moutsambote, J.-M. (2005). Catalogue des plantes vasculaires du Congo, ed. sept. 2005: 1-158. ORSTOM, Centre de Brazzaville.
    • Brunel, J.F., Hiepo, P. & Scholz, H. (eds.) (1984). Flore Analytique du Togo Phanérogames: 1-751. GTZ, Eschborn.
    • Boulvert, Y. (1977). Catalogue de la Flore de Centrafrique 1: 1-114. ORSTROM, Bangui.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Lavie, Vitacées Ouest afric., Esp. sénégal.: 60, t. 8 (1990).
    • Descoings in Fl. Cameroun 13: 128, t. 46 (1972).
    • Descoings in Fl.Gabon 14: 103 (1968)
    • F. White, Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia p. 231 (1962).
    • Dewit in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 523, fig. 13/B (1960).
    • Keay in Flora of West Tropical Africa, ed. 2, 1: 678 (1958).
    • Exell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 51 (1954).
    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 259 (1953), pro parte excl. syn. C. arguta.
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 27 (1949).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 477 (1912), pro parte excl. syn. C. arguta.
    • Gilg & Brandt in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 491 (1912).
    • Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 493 (1887), pro parte excl. spec. Barter.
    • Afzel. in Remed. Guin. [9]: 63 (1815).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    Flora of West Tropical Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0