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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus rotundifolia Vahl

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Eritrea to S. Africa, Mascarenes, SW. Arabian Peninsula.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Vigorous ± woody climber 1.2–9 m. long, often forming dense masses; stems often purplish; older branches 4(–5)-angled or winged, the wings often becoming corky 1–2.5 cm. wide; younger stems ± terete, striate and rugulose when dry and with the stomata forming conspicuous sunken dots; pubescent or glabrescent, rarely densely ferruginous pubescent; tendrils simple or bifid.
    Leaves
    Leaves glaucous, bluish grey, thick and fleshy, round to elliptic or ± ovate, (2–)4–13 cm. long and wide, up to 6 mm. thick, rounded at the apex, cordate at the base, rarely lobed, crenate or remotely to ± closely denticulate or dentate; petiole 0.2–1.7(–4) cm. long, usually ± pubescent; stipules semicircular to ovate, 4–7 mm. long, glabrous, soon falling.
    Flowers
    Flowers in lax leaf-opposed or terminal panicles of umbel-like cymes 2.5–25 cm. long; peduncle and axes 0.7–3.5 cm. long, ± pubescent or glabrescent; pedicels 3–5(–13) mm. long, 1–1.5 cm. long in fruit, ± adpressed pubescent or scurfy.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2–3 mm. wide, 1 mm. long, entire, glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals green, yellow or yellowish white, 3–3.5 mm. long, glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 0.5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruits red or purplish, ellipsoid, 1–1.5 cm. long, 0.7–1.3 cm. wide, ± edible, 1–2-seeded.
    Seeds
    Seeds ellipsoid, 8–10 mm. long, 5–6 mm. wide, 3–4 mm. thick, with dorsal ridge but otherwise smooth.
    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Vigorous climber; stems often 4–5-angled, pubescent or glabrescent; tendrils 2-fid.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple or occasionally lobed; petiole pubescent, up to 1 cm. long; leaf-lamina up to 8 × 8 cm., circular to ovate, obtuse at the apex, margin crenate, cordate at the base, pubescent or glabrescent on both sides, thick and fleshy; stipules up to 4 mm. long, ± semicircular, glabrous, caducous.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes leaf-opposed and terminal, lax; peduncle 3 cm. long; pedicels 4–5 mm. long lengthening to 10 mm. in fruit, appressed-pubescent.
    Buds
    Flower-bud 3·5 × 1·5 mm.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1 mm. long, entire.
    Corolla
    Petals green.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 0·5 mm. long.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1·5 × 1·3 cm., red when ripe.
    Seeds
    Seeds 1–2 per fruit, 9 mm. long, smooth with single crest.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Burundi, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, KwaZulu-Natal, Malawi, Mauritius, Mozambique, Northern Provinces, Réunion, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Yemen, Zaïre, Zimbabwe

    Introduced into:

    Hawaii, India, Leeward Is., Seychelles

    Accepted Infraspecifics

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cissus rotundifolia Vahl appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Wild, H. [2790], Zimbabwe 11514.000
    Tanner, R. [350], Tanzania 15547.000
    Kirk [37], Mozambique K000322835

    Bibliography

    First published in Symb. Bot. 3: 19 (1794)

    Accepted by

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Germishuizen, G. & Meyer, N.L. (eds.) (2003). Plants of Southern Africa an annotated checklist Strelitzia 14: 1-1231. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Thulin, M. (ed.) in Thulin, M. (ed.) (1999). Flora of Somalia 2: 1-303. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 69: 79-1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Wood, J.R.I. (1997). A handbook of the Yemen Flora: 1-434. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Hedberg, I. & Edwards, S. (eds.) (1989 publ. 1990). Flora of Ethiopia and Eritrea 3: 1-659. The National Herbarium, Addis Ababa University, Ethiopia & The Department of Systematic Botany, Upps.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Robyns, W. & al. (eds.) (1948-1963). Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi 1-10.

    Literature

    Kew Backbone Distributions

    • Darbyshire, I., Kordofani, M., Farag, I., Candiga, R. & Pickering, H. (eds.) (2015). The Plants of Sudan and South Sudan: 1-400. Kew publishing, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.
    • Evenhuis, N.L. & Eldredge, L.G. (eds.) (2012). Records of the Hawaii biological survey for 2011. Part II: plants Bishop Museum Occasional Papers 113: 1-102.
    • Acevedo-Rodríguez, P. & Strong, M.T. (2012). Catalogue of seed plants of the West Indies Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 98: 1-1192.
    • Fischer, E., Rembold, K., Althof, A. & Obholzer, J. (2010). Annotated checklist of the vascular plants of Kakamega forest, Western province, Kenya Journal of East African Natural History 99: 129-226.
    • Bosser, J. & al. (eds.) (1997). Flore des Mascareignes 69: 79-1. IRD Éditions, MSIRI, RBG-Kew, Paris.
    • Audru, J., Cesar, J. & Lebrun, J.-P. (1994). Les Plantes Vasculaires de la République de Djibouti. Flore Illustrée 1: 1-336. CIRAD, Départerment d'Elevage et de Médecine vétérinaire, Djibouti.

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Vollesen in Fl. Ethiopia 3: 408, fig. 119.6/1 (1990).
    • Collenette, Fl. Saudi Arabia: 498 (1985).
    • Reekmans in Fl. Rwanda 2: 360 (1983).
    • Vollesen in Opera Bot. 59: 62 (1980).
    • A.D.Q. Agnew, Upland Kenya Wild Flowers p. 342 (1974).
    • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 50: 20 (1969).
    • Rauh, Die Gross Welt Sukk.: 115, t. 55/8 (1967).
    • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 451 (1966).
    • Haerdi in Acta Trop., Suppl. 8: 113 (1964).
    • Dewit in Flore du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi, 9: 513 (1960).
    • H. Jacobsen, Handb. Succ. Pl. 1: 275 (1960).
    • Suesseng. in A. Engler & K. Prantl, Die Natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien, ed. 2, 20d: 257 (1953).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 27 (1949).
    • Bally in Journ. E. Afr. Nat. Hist. Soc. 16 (71 & 72): 122 (1942).
    • Burtt Davy, Fl. Pl. Ferns Transv. 2: 475 (1932).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 465 (1912).
    • Gilg & Brandt in Wissenschaftliche Ergebnisse der Deutschen Zentral-Afrika-Expedition 1907-1908, 2 (Botanik) p. 491 (1912).
    • Bak.f. in Journal of the Linnean Society of London, Botany 40: 46 (1911).
    • Planch. in A. & C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 512 (1887).
    • Vahl, Symb. Bot. 3: 19 (1790).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Science Photographs
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/