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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus sciaphila Gilg

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Ivory Coast, SE. Kenya to E. Tanzania.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Climber or liane 3–12 m. long or ± shrubby, said to have unpleasant smell when crushed; stems often drying purplish brown, striate when dry, with white spreading hairs, later glabrous; tendrils bifid, up to 30 cm. long.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, ovate, 4.5–17(–30) cm. long, 4–14(–25) cm. wide, narrowly acuminate at the apex, cordate at the base, margins with close subulate emergences 1 mm. long continued from nerves, with sparse short crisped hairs above and denser brownish hairs beneath particularly on the venation but not obscuring the surface and also dense sessile glands; petiole (1.5–)3–11.5 cm. long, crisped-hairy; stipules oblong, 3 mm. long, pilose with white hairs, clustered on very young shoots.
    Inflorescences
    Inflorescences umbel-like cymes of umbel-like cymules, 7–9 cm. long; peduncle 3 cm. long; pedicels 3–6 mm. long; all axes of inflorescence densely pubescent with yellowish brown multicellular hairs.
    Flowers
    Flowers with unpleasant smell.
    Buds
    Buds globose or broadly ovoid.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1.2 mm. wide, ± entire, pubescent.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow-green or brownish green, ovate, 1.7 mm. long, pubescent.
    Fruits
    Fruits obovoid, 7 mm. long, 5 mm. wide, coarsely reticulate-rugose with sunken areas when dry.
    Seeds
    Seeds similar to those of C. oliveri.
    Figures
    Figs. 5, p.29; 6/1.
    Habitat
    Lowland forest, riverine forest fringes, woodland slopes above river valleys, Hyphaene-Trichilia-Sorindeia associations; 0–450 m.
    Distribution
    not known elsewhere K7 P T3 T6 T8 Z

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Ivory Coast, Kenya, Tanzania

    Other Data

    Cissus sciaphila Gilg appears in other Kew resources:

    Bibliography

    First published in H.G.A.Engler (ed.), Pflanzenw. Ost-Afrikas, C: 258 (1895)

    Accepted by

    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Haerdi in Acta Trop., Suppl. 8: 113 (1964).
    • J.P.M. Brenan, Check-lists of the Forest Trees and Shrubs of the British Empire no. 5, part II, Tanganyika Territory p. 28 (1949).
    • Gilg & Brandt in A. Engler, Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 46: 472 (1912).
    • Gilg in Die Pflanzenwelt Ost-Afrikas und der Nachbargebiete, Theile C: 258 (1895).

    Sources

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0