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  1. Family: Vitaceae Juss.
    1. Genus: Cissus L.
      1. Cissus welwitschii (Baker) Planch.

        This species is accepted, and its native range is Tanzania to S. Tropical Africa.

    [FTEA]

    Vitaceae, Bernard Verdcourt. Flora of Tropical East Africa. 1993

    Habit
    Vigorous climber 1.8–9 m. long or ± shrubby; aerial roots present (fide Hornby 626); stems up to 5 cm. diameter, glabrous, neither square nor developing corky wings, spotted black and granular with raised dots (not on type); bark grey-brown or older stems can be wrinkled and purplish black, lenticels red-brown; tendrils simple (Welwitsch stated apparently without tendrils).
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, ovate to broadly ovate, 2.5–9 cm. long, 2–8.5 cm. wide, acuminate at the apex, truncate to cordate at the base, closely sharply serrate, the teeth narrow and tapering ±1.5 mm. long, directed upwards and not spreading, glabrous or with few hairs when young, 3–5-nerved from the base; petiole 1–4.5(–8 on type) cm. long; stipules oblong, 3–4 mm. long, ± auriculate, glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes axillary, few-flowered, sparsely branched; peduncle 1–2 cm. long, glabrous or puberulous; pedicels ± 6 mm. long, lengthening to 1.5 cm. in fruit, scurfy puberulous or glabrous.
    Buds
    Flower-buds conical, 3.5 mm. long, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 2.5 mm. wide, entire, puberulous or usually glabrous.
    Corolla
    Petals yellow, glabrous.
    Fruits
    Fruit ellipsoid, 1.5 cm. long, 1 cm. wide.
    Seeds
    Seed ellipsoid, flattened, 1 cm. long, 6 mm. wide, 4 mm. thick, smooth.
    Habitat
    Semi-evergreen bushland and woodland, Commiphora-Delonix thicket, Adansonia, Commiphora, Brachystegia associations, usually on large rocky (mostly granite) outcrops; 810–1350 m.
    Distribution
    T1 T2 T4 T5 T6 T7
    [FZ]

    Vitaceae, H. Wild and R. B. Drummond. Flora Zambesiaca 2:2. 1966

    Habit
    Vigorous climber; stems cylindric, never quadrangular and not developing corky wings.
    Tendrils
    Tendrils simple.
    Leaves
    Leaves simple, glabrous or with a few hairs when young; petiole up to 4·5 cm. long; leaf-lamina up to 9 × 8·5 cm., ovate to broadly ovate, acuminate at the apex, margin serrate with teeth up to 1·5 mm. long, truncate to slightly cordate at the base, 3–5-nerved at the base with 3 or more pairs of secondary nerves; stipules up to 3 mm. long, broadly oblong, glabrous.
    Inflorescences
    Cymes axillary, few-flowered, sparsely branched; peduncle up to 2 cm. long, glabrous or puberulous; pedicels up to 6 mm. long lengthening to up to 15 mm. in fruit, puberulous to glabrous.
    Buds
    Flower-bud up to 3·5 mm. long, conical, glabrous.
    Calyx
    Calyx 1 mm. long, entire, puberulous to glabrous.
    Pistil
    Ovary glabrous; style 1·5 mm. long, ± capitate.
    Fruits
    Fruit 1·5 × 1 cm., ellipsoid.
    Seeds
    Seed 1, 10 × 6 × 4 mm. flattened, ellipsoid, smooth.

    Images

    Distribution

    Native to:

    Angola, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe

    Synonyms

    Other Data

    Cissus welwitschii (Baker) Planch. appears in other Kew resources:

    Date Reference Identified As Barcode Type Status
    Welwitsch [1480], Angola K000322874

    Bibliography

    First published in A.L.P.P.de Candolle & A.C.P.de Candolle, Monogr. Phan. 5: 489 (1887)

    Accepted by

    • Figueiredo, E. & Smith, G.F. (2008). Plants of Angola Strelitzia 22: 1-279. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria.
    • Govaerts, R. (1999). World Checklist of Seed Plants 3(1, 2a & 2b): 1-1532. MIM, Deurne.
    • Verdcourt, B. (1993). Flora of Tropical East Africa, Vitaceae: 1-149.
    • Exell, A.W., Fernandes, A. & Wild, H. (eds.) (1966). Flora Zambesiaca 2(2): 353-653. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

    Literature

    Flora of Tropical East Africa

    • Wild, Drummond & Gonçalves in Fl. Moçamb. 50: 18, fig. III/A (1969).
    • Wild & Drummond in Flora Zambesiaca 2: 451 (1966).
    • Exell & Mendonça in Consp. Fl. Angol. 2: 46 (1954).
    • Planch. in A. &: C. DC., Monogr. Phan. 5: 489 (1887).

    Sources

    Flora Zambesiaca
    Flora Zambesiaca
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    Flora of Tropical East Africa
    http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0

    Herbarium Catalogue Specimens
    'The Herbarium Catalogue, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet http://www.kew.org/herbcat [accessed on Day Month Year]'. Please enter the date on which you consulted the system.
    Digital Image © Board of Trustees, RBG Kew http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

    Kew Backbone Distributions
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0

    Kew Names and Taxonomic Backbone
    The International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families 2020. Published on the Internet at http://www.ipni.org and http://apps.kew.org/wcsp/
    © Copyright 2017 International Plant Names Index and World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0